African American romaner pdf

Too good to be this short Really liked this story, would ve loved for it to be in depth But pretty good read. a world where humans and shifters live side by side, two lives come together Dane Magnus fought for and won the position of Pack Alpha, but to legally inherit the land left by his late human mother, the outlaw shifter needs to marry a humanTrina Daniels needs six figures to pay for her ... Dare for More: African American Romance PDF ☆ More: African PDF ´ Dare for PDF or for More: African PDF/EPUB ¾ WARNING This eBook contains mature language and content intended for readers onlySmith Anderson, an African American taxi driver and single father, is doing his best to make ends meet But as hard as he s working around the clock to save up to finance his son s tuiti. The theme of our 2019 African American Booklist is the literary tradition of African American women. Many years ago, on different occasions, I had the honor and pleasure of meeting Gwendolyn Brooks, Gloria Naylor, and Alice Walker. They, among others, represent the rich and unique perspective African American women bring to storytelling. [مجدي الهلالي] Ú الطوفان قادم [african-american-romance PDF] Ebook Epub Download ☆ Best E-Book, الطوفان قاد... The course centers on novels by African American women writers from Frances E.W. Harper and Nella Larsen to science-fiction writer Octavia Butler and nobel laureate Toni Morrison. The focus is on the 1980s, which, for various reasons, was an important decade for African American women writers and the theorization of their works. I have recently read several african romance novels that I would like to share with you my beloved readers. I strongly recommend these novels that are very easily available on the web. Some of these books, I have read years back, while others I have completed quite recently. Romance is my choice of novel to… *Harlequin Enterprises ULC (Harlequin.com) is located at Bay Adelaide Centre, East Tower, 22 Adelaide Street West, 41st Floor, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5H 4E3 and sends informational and promotional emails on behalf of itself and Harlequin Digital Sales Corporation.

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2020.08.25 17:19 jaylenholt [SHARE] Fulfilled Textbook Request Megathread #8


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2020.07.30 03:07 BakaSandwich Wanna go down an insane inter-dimensional rabbit hole (Part II) by u/Downvotedcomment_


Read Part I first if you haven't already
INTRODUCTION:
The ultimate goal of this project was to obtain a better understanding specifically of the spiritual/metaphysical aspects of the pedophilia which is so inexplicably rampant amongst the highest echelon's of every society in the world. In the last post we explored the idea of this secret ancient occult knowledge and how it has been passed down amongst the rich and powerful in secrecy since the beginning of civilization. We found out in Part I that this "secret ancient occult knowledge" is actually just a Hermetic view of the world that is basically an understanding that the spiritual/metaphysical aspects of reality are not only real, but far more important than the simple material experience which we live everyday. It is no mistake that the term "occult" (which literally means secret or hidden) has been so heavily weaponized especially in the US, it is immediately associated with pseudo-scientific lunacy by almost everyone mainly thanks to Hollywood. This is what originally motivated me to begin this project, the mainstream's overt insistency that anything spiritual or metaphysical is to be laughed at was becoming a bit too obvious for me. This, paired with the obvious spiritual obsessions ie (symbolism, rituals etc) of the most powerful people in the world was really bothering me and inspired me to make these posts.
SECTION I: That which is apparent to our five senses is only a fraction of the human experience
.
First we must do a recap on the ancient origins of esoteric and spiritual knowledge. In Part I, we showed that an extremely diluted form of Gnosticism (a strictly metaphysical belief system) influenced each and every one of the mainstream religions practiced today. But what I failed to mention in the last post was the fact that Gnosticism was specifically derived from the Hermetic school of thought which gained popularity in ancient Egypt and is said to have originated far before the earliest of our known history. Hermeticism is said to be passed down from the ancients of the “lost land” and has been regarded as the oldest form of knowledge even amongst the ancient Egyptians who taught it and popularized it. The Hermetic Teachings are to be found in all lands, among all religions; this knowledge has been very carefully disseminated amongst the elites of various secret societies for generations upon generations. I recommend reading the first chapter of the Kybalion if you want a full picture of its origins.
-So why should we take Hermeticism seriously?
Here I will show that these unimaginably-ancient Hermetic Principles are constantly being proven in modern science through quantum mechanics
--Mentalism: The first Hermetic principle tells us that “All is mind, the universe is mental.”
This is now being explained by breakthroughs in quantum gravity, the field devoted to uniting Einstein’s relativity with quantum theory, as due to quantum information processing, which tells us that our spacetime is an emergent simulation. Elsewhere, experiments into the foundations of quantum mechanics, such as tests of the Leggett inequality, have actually falsified material realism. Recent discoveries tell us that spacetime emerges specifically from entangled information, the information generating quantum entanglement, the phenomenon wherein two or more particles affect each other at vast distances at speeds faster than light (Previously regarded as impossible by the Laws of Physics) .
Meanwhile theIntegrated Information Theory of consciousness, or IIT, identifies entangled information as integrated information or consciousness:
”Quantum entanglement and integrated information, to the extent that one cannot perturb two elements independently, they are informationally one
Putting these two together we see therefore that spacetime emerges from consciousness.The universe is after all a mental information construct inside of some greater consciousness, which is of course the same thing as the Hermetic Principle of Mentalism.


--Vibration: The next Hermetic principle ill cover, the Principle of Vibration tells us that: “Nothing rests; Everything moves; Everything vibrates.”
Modern physics exactly parallels this with the wavefunction. According to the Schrodinger equation in quantum mechanics, everything can be defined by a wavefunction that describes a quantum probability wave, which vibrates at a specific frequency.
--Interestingly, the parallels do not stop there. Other direct parallels specific to both quantum mechanics, as well as even more advanced physics exist. The Kybalion states that:
“if the vibrations be continually increased the object would mount up the successive states of manifestation… until it would finally re-enter The All,”
As it turns out, the frequency of an object’s wavefunction is directly proportional to the energy content of the object being described. So the higher the vibration of the object the greater the degree of its mass or energy content, just as described in the quote.
A discovery regarding the relationship between space and quantum entanglement demonstrated that spacetime behaves as a holistic pattern of entanglement known as a string-net, and that subatomic particles emerge from this string-net. This network of entanglements is of course a field of vibrating quantum waves.
String theory meanwhile tells us something similar. According to string theory matter and space are actually two descriptions of the same thing. This is shown by the fact that spacetime created by matter due to relativity shares the same vibratory frequency as the matter that generated it. The spacetime is merely matter at a different degree of vibration and vice-versa, exactly as explained in the quote.


Take this quote from the massively important CIA document ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF GATEWAY PROCESS

Important side note: The paragraph cuts off here and does not continue on to the next page. This paragraph on page 24 was titled “34. Belief System Considerations”. The next page is not 25 but is page 26 and the paragraph is titled “37. Motivational Aspect” obviously skipping the material which is most important to my argument
“...the universe which at least some physicists are now coming to accept is identical… with the one known to the learned elite in selected civilizations and cultures of high attainment in the ancient world.”
If you would like to see more connections with quantum theories and ancient occult ideas refer to these two posts of mine:
"The Soul"
"The Absolute"
--Continuing with Modern scientists struggles with the relation between ancient knowledge and modern quantum theories we have learned in the last century

Werner Heisenberg:
Quote from Tao of Physics
“I had several discussions with Heisenberg. I lived in England then [circa 1972], and I visited him several times in Munich and showed him the whole manuscript chapter by chapter. He was very interested and very open, and he told me something that I think is not known publicly because he never published it. He said that he was well aware of these parallels. While he was working on quantum theory he went to India to lecture and was a guest of Tagore**. He talked a lot with Tagore about Indian philosophy. Heisenberg told me that these talks had helped him a lot with his work in physics, because they showed him that all these new ideas in quantum physics were in fact not all that crazy. He realized there was, in fact, a whole culture that subscribed to very similar ideas. Heisenberg said that this was a great help for him.** Niels Bohr had a similar experience when he went to China.”
Erwin Schrödinger:
“Nirvana is a state of pure blissful knowledge… It has nothing to do with the individual. The ego or its separation is an illusion. Indeed in a certain sense two ‘I”s are identical namely when one disregards all special contents — their Karma. The goal of man is to preserve his Karma and to develop it further… when man dies his Karma lives and creates for itself another carrier.
“In itself, the insight is not new. The earliest records, to my knowledge**, date back some 2500 years or more... the recognition** ATMAN = BRAHMAN (the personal self equals the omnipresent, all-comprehending eternal self) was in Indian thought considered, far from being blasphemous, to represent the quintessence of deepest insight into the happenings of the world.

Niels Bohr:
“For a parallel regarding to the lesson regarding the limited applicability of such customary idealizations, we must in fact turn to quite other branches of science, such as psychology, or even to that kind of epistemological problems with which already thinkers like Buddha and Lao Tse have been confronted, when trying to harmonize our position as spectators and actors in the great drama of existence.”
In the psychophysical parallelism, as envisaged by Leibniz and Spinoza, has obtained a wider scope through the development of atomic physics, which forces us to an attitude towards the problem of explanation recalling ancient wisdom, that when searching for harmony in life one must never forget that in the drama of existence we are ourselves both actors and spectators.
Bohr adopted the yin yang symbol as part of his family coat of arms when he was knighted in 1947.
Wolfganf Pauli*: He viewed that the acquisition of knowledge in mathematics or quantum physics “gives rise, however, to a situation transcending natural science” that can even acquire a “religious function” in human experience. This is not a belief in the religions of old, but as Pauli states “I do not believe in the possible future of mysticism in the old form.* However, I do believe that the natural sciences will out of themselves bring forth a counter pole in their adherents, which connects to the old mystic elements.”
Alber Einstein: This [the theories connecting ancient mysticism with modern quantum mechanics] led to Einstein’s famous attempt at “breaking” quantum physics, the EPR paradox. At first a thought experiment which appeared to demonstrate quantum physics violating the seemingly well established principle of locality, later experiments showed that quantum physics instead proved locality to be false, therefore collapsing the laws of physics.
Violations of locality and determinism seemed to bother Einstein greatly, and this can be seen in his famous quote objecting to the randomness involved in wave function collapse under Bohr’s interpretation, that “God does not play dice”.
Einstein wrote in his autobiography:
“All my attempts to adapt the theoretical foundation of physics to this new type of knowledge (quantum mechanics) have failed completely. It was as if the ground had been pulled out from under one, with no firm foundation to be seen anywhere, upon which one could have built.”
Keynote: I am by no means claiming that these scientists have “cracked the code” of ancient mysticism or have indefinitely solidified a scientifically proven connection between these ancient ideologies and modern physics. I am not even saying that these scientists fully believed the point im trying to prove her at all. But let's just assume for a second that what I am arguing is true, these ancient Hermetic texts have divine origins and are a correct philosophical interpretation of the intertwined physical and metaphysical reality of the universe. If this was the case wouldn't it be safe to predict that the most intelligent minds, attempting to understand the laws of the universe, in modern history would be in a constant intellectual struggle with these ideas throughout their career? Well, know we know that they have been.
Now let’s look at the physicists behind the CIA and KGB during the Cold War:
-- Because of the Cold War, accounts of alleged psychic abilities (extrasensory perception, as in telepathy, precognition, clairvoyance, psychokinesis, a.k.a. telekinesis, and psychometry) could no longer be ignored by the US and USSR intelligence agencies out of fear of losing a competitive edge. Experiments and tests on people with these abilities were abundant at this time, thankfully coming along with an overwhelming amount of scientific literature trying to figure out how the hell this was even possible. It soon became obvious that well.. it wasn’t, well at least not within our current laws of physics, we obviously needed to reevaluate our current understanding of physics just like Einstein in that quote. This called for scientists to start taking the theories of quantum mechanics seriously. Quantum mechanics ended up being the first field of study which could offer natural explanations for these phenomena.
--The significant results of the findings in the document ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF GATEWAY PROCESS, showed that the only way to naturally explain this kind of paranormal/esoteric phenomena, scientists view the universe through the Holographic Universe Theory.
We know from the last post that there is as much evidence behind the holographic universe theory as there is behind the current big bang theory, I elaborated on this in Part 1.
--There becomes a point where, both physicists and us a society, have to be either all in on this holographic theory of the universe or just discredit it altogether. There simply is no other way to explain the paranormal phenomena which people around the world are conducting. The problem with going “all in” with this theory is that it tears down everything that we know, again just like we saw Einstein stressing in his quote.
This is best exemplified in a CIA document showing a Soviet Scientist, tasked with constructing a quantum theory of reality. He states:
“The repeated attempt to construct a quantum theory of field.. that would not be purley illusory and in which it would not be necessary to physically absurd consequences*, have not been met with success”*
Read The Paraphysics Warsaw Pact to see how real paranormal abilities are

SECTION II: What exactly am I looking for?

To tie back into Part I, we must understand that all of those in power have a complete and total understanding of the Hermetic spiritual nature of the universe which they have actively and purposely hidden from the masses over generations. Those in power have used this spiritual/metaphysical knowledge to their advantage in order to maintain ultimate and total dominance over the world and its inhabitants.
So where does the evil that embodies these elite tie in?:
Going back to Robert Bernard; here he explains how spirituality came into play during his time as a top player in this international crime syndicate:
“Then you start to discover that there is much more than what I call the 4 dimensions, you have length, width, height, and time… but then you start to discover that we are the cross point of multi-dimensions and frequencies.. You start to sense that there is really something going on in the other frequencies and dimensions and then you start also to know that there are low frequency beings, what we call now the fallen angels or the Djinn, who are really serving a sort of master… a dark manifestation entity known as Lucifer… We really have to face the fact that besides the 4 dimensions we have this interaction with other intellects, other beings.. And the ones I was serving (negative manifestation Lucifer) was real- it was not a joke, including the sacrifice of children everything was real.
I also came across a reference to these evil entities in the book The Vatican Exposed
“The scoundrels we study remain even to this day some of the most accomplished matter deceivers in western history. The fraud and masquerade we encounter in these pages is not only a product of a particular conspiracy or cabal it is older than the pyramids and of institutional character. They are two-faced operators, for whom double-thinking and double-dealing are second nature..to an immensity greater than we can imagine. We are in the presence of the servants of an intelligence almost without limit; and second only to God”

Once again an immaterial evil force was mentioned by the Vatican’s top exorcist Father Gabriel Amorth:
According to The Times, Amorth blames "cardinals who do not believe in Jesus, and bishops who are linked to the Demon".
Father Gabriele Amorth, who according to The Times is president of honour of the Association of Exorcists, said the Vatican's current problems - including recurrent child abuse allegations and a brewing gay prostitution scandal - can be largely attributed to Lucifer's visitation at the Vatican.

Main Point: What the fuck are all these different sources talking about? I was so goddamn lost at this point in my research but at the same time absolutely positive(my opinion) that these consistent allusions to this immaterial force, couldn't just all be bullshit, there is an active evil presence playing out malevolent events in our world to serve a higher spiritual being and I was not going to stop until I found out what it was.

Section III: The ancient descriptions of this immaterial force

Like with most of this project I will start with the most ancient description I can find which, again, is the Gnostics, this is how they describe these malevolent spiritual forces which they call Archons:
Archons:
-They are cyborgs inhabiting the planetary system (exclusive of the earth, sun and moon), which is **described as a virtual world (**stereoma) they construct by imitating the geometric forms emanated from the Pleroma, the realm of the Generators, the Cosmic Gods.
-Archons are said to feel intense envy toward humanity because we possess the intentionality they lack
-Have no empathy, feed off of negative emotions, have no creative ability
-Archons are an alien force that intrudes subliminally upon the human mind and deviates our intelligence away from its proper and sane applications.
-Archons are psycho-spiritual parasites**.**
-The risk they pose by invading our mental software is far greater than any physical risk they might pose by erratically breaching the biosphere.
-Because the Archons need human complicity to gain power over humankind, any one who assists them can be considered a kind of Archon, an accessory.
-Working through telepathy and suggestion, the Archons attempt to deviate us from our proper course of evolution. Their most successful technique is to use religious ideology to insinuate their way of thinking and, in effect, substitute their mind-set for ours.
Keynote: to quickly summarize here, an Archon is a parasitic, cyborg, alien/foreign intruder. They are envious of certain human traits, attach to hosts, and have telepathic powers at their dispense. Really think about the meaning of these ideas, especially the bold terms, before moving on to the next section.

--Quran-Djinn(specifically referenced by Ronald Bernard): Djinn are capable of possessing human beings. They are said to enter the bloodstream and circulate rapidly through the body. They cause mental and physical problems, and also disrupt marriages and relationships. Asking a Djinn to leave, or bargaining with it, may not be enough to get it to go, and someone who is trained may be needed to perform an exorcism to get it out of the body.
According to Islamic writings, Djinn live alongside other creatures but form a world other than that of mankind. Though they see us they cannot be seen. Characteristics they share with human beings are intellect and freedom to choose between right and wrong and between good and bad, but according to the Qur'an their origin is different from that of man

-- Mesopotamian Toltec-The Allies: . The Allies lack a brain, which means they have no factory to create emotions, but they need the ethereal energy of emotions to sustain their life. Allies push humans to create traumas in order to create fear, which they feed upon.”
The Allies must then convert emotion into the negative emotion on which they feed. He explained that the Allies had no mechanism to produce the negative emotional energy themselves. They had to turn human emotional energy into negative energy before they could harvest it. In order to turn human emotion negative, the Allies are capable of putting fearful thoughts into the minds of humans which in turn generates the negative emotion on which they feed. These entities are attracted to negative emotional energy much as sharks are to blood.

--Wetiko-Native Americans: Wetiko is an Algonquin word for a cannibalistic spirit that is driven by greed, excess, and selfish consumption (in Ojibwa it is windigo, wintiko in Powhatan). It deludes its host into believing that cannibalizing the life-force of others (others in the broad sense, including animals and other forms of life) is a logical and morally upright way to live.
-Wetiko short-circuits the individual’s ability to see itself as an enmeshed and interdependent part of a balanced environment and raises the self-serving ego to supremacy. It is this false separation of self from nature that makes this cannibalism, rather than simple murder.
-Wetiko can describe both the infection and the body infected; a person can be infected by wetiko or, in cases where the infection is very advanced, can personify the disease: ‘a wetiko.’ This holds true for cultures and systems; all can be described as being wetiko if they routinely manifest these traits.

--Chitauri - Ancient African: -The Chitauri are an evil extraterrestrial race of shape-shifting humanoids
- We are told the Chitauri feed on the energy that we give them. They make us fight against each other, and when the whole world is drowning in death, fear, and terror, the Chitauri get fed by the dark power which is brought out when humans destroy the planet on which they live. They are fed when human minds think at certain levels. We are told they want us to think at certain levels and they reward us with long lives.
--E’epa-Hawaii: The e'epa are mental forces that have the ability to intrude into the human mind. They operate through subterfuge and psychic stealth.
They are adversaries who are drawn to humans because they wish to acquire our human capacity for creative imagination. Humans are creators, and they are not. Because of this, the deceivers will always be thwarted by the superiority of our human species."

--Bible-Demons: Demons have the ability to possess people*. These fallen angels are what the Bible refers to as demons.* Demons are able to take shape, form and be visible to humans (Job 4:15). Demons may be exercised, or driven out, from a possessed person. However, this may be dangerous if not followed by stringent cleaning and discipleship. Without proper spiritual care, the person might then be open for a seven-fold infestation (Matthew 12:45).
Demons confuse the truth by utilizing demonic lies and half-truths (1 John 4:4).Those who worship idols and pagan gods are really worshipping and sacrificing to demons. Demons live to deceive people into worshipping themselves (1 Corinthians 10:20-21). The Bible teaches that demons can inhabit animals and people (Matthew 8:31)
--Zuswazi Africa-Zulu:
And, it is further said that these Zuswazi, these Imbulu, or whatever you choose to call them, are not capable of eating solid food. They either eat human blood, or they eat that power, the energy that is generated when human beings, on the surface of the Earth, are fighting and killing each other in large numbers.
Main point: How is it possible that all of these cultures from all over the world from entirely different time periods are describing the same force with the same characteristics? There has got to be some reality to this, something more than simply primitive fairytale like we are taught. So I researched…

Section IV: Modern Descriptions of this evil inter-dimensional force
There are beings in the spiritual realms for whom anxiety and fear emanating from human beings offer welcome food. When humans have no anxiety and fear, then these creatures starve.” declared Steiner. “These beings are hostile towards humanity …and they become more and more powerful (from this negative human energy nutrition) …launching cruel attacks on human beings.
“Therefore,” says Steiner, “it is above all necessary… that the person who enters the spiritual world overcomes fear, feelings of helplessness, despair and anxiety. These are exactly the feelings that belong to contemporary culture and materialism because it estranges people from the spiritual world… to evoke hopelessness and fear of the unknown in people, thereby calling up the above mentioned hostile forces against them.

This wasn't enough for me, I needed some scientific backing, after seaching long and hard I came across this psychology study in the CIA FOIAvault by clinical psychologist Juilka Kiskos and Andree Samuel

The Abstract Reads:
“Clinical Psychology has not taken into account evidence provided by other areas of research that point to the existence of other levels of reality. Therefore, that which is not perceived through physical senses is often considered as being of a paranormal nature. The authors have observed that in some psychological disorders sometimes there is an ESP factor mingled with the symptoms, and which are only taken into account as a proof of "insanity".
-The entire study is dedicated to drawing a distinction between what doctors deem as “insanity” from actual clairvoyance experiences. The specific type of “insanity” we are going to cover for our purpose is the schizophrenia/”voices in your head” part of the study. These psychologists would employ “sensitives” or people with ESP to try and interact with these “voices” in some way. They turned out to be extremely successful and seemingly were performing ground breaking science that, unsurprisingly, we never heard about...
Here are some direct quotes from the study:
During the treatment of certain patients, we came across extraneous personalities*. These were named “Theta Agents” because the circumstances in which they manifest themselves led us to conclude they were deceased persons.”*
“As a working hypothesis, we consider that these entities exist in another level of reality or structure of their personality*, enabling us to understand and(page cuts off)”
-There are 4 different groups of Theta Agents that they categorized. Only one of them matched up to the description consistently allotted to us by these ancient cultures previously mentioned.
Category 3: “Theta Agents induced to harm patients by means of black magic”
https://i.redd.it/g7zekqa6tmm31.png
Now we are starting to get somewhere, The next place I looked for evidence turned out to be the more obvious one, with a lot more first hand accounts and expert testimonies… demonic possessions, which I previously believed were fiction.
-What many religions have called “demon/djinn/e’epa/etc. possessions” actually turns out to be a very similar if not identical condition as the malevolent “theta agent” described above.
There is undoubtedly a demand for the services of Exorcists which has been legitimized by the Vatican:
“In 1990, Father Amorth and five other officially appointed exorcists founded the International Association of Exorcists.By 2010, the organization numbered around 300 members from around the world, and although it was founded as an informal organization, the Roman Catholic Church officially approved its statute in 2014.”
--Father Gabriel Amorth did an exclusive interview on this topic which he required to be released only after he died, here are the highlights:
Q: Can you contact these entities, what do they say?
A: "Yes, through the patient, but in a strange, unnatural voice. If it is the Devil himself, he says 'I am Satan, or Lucifer, or Beelzebub. We ask if he is alone or if there are others with him. We ask when and how they entered that particular body. We find out whether their presence is due to a spell and the specifics of that spell.
Q: How do people come to be possessed by demons in the first place?
A: "I believe God sometimes singles out certain souls for a special test of spiritual endurance, but more often people lay themselves open to possession by dabbling with black magic. Some are entrapped by a satanic cult. Others are the victims of a curse."
--If you do not want to take the word of someone with religious presuppositions and biases I completely understand, neither did I. So here are the highlights from a Washington Post interview with Richard Gallagher, a board-certified psychiatrist and a professor of clinical psychiatry at New York Medical College (studied psychology at Princeton, Yale, and Columbia) Here is what he had to say:

"As a man of reason, I’ve had to rationalize the seemingly irrational. Questions about how a scientifically trained physician can believe “such outdated and unscientific nonsense,” as I’ve been asked, have a simple answer***. I honestly weigh the evidence. I have been told simplistically that levitation defies the laws of gravity, and, well, of course it does! We are not dealing here with purely material reality, but with the spiritual realm. One cannot force these creatures to undergo lab studies or submit to scientific manipulation; they will also hardly allow themselves to be easily recorded by video equipment, as skeptics sometimes demand. (The official Catholic Catechism holds that demons are sentient and possess their own wills*; as* they are fallen angels, they are also craftier than humans. That’s how they sow confusion and seed doubt, after all.)"
"But I believe I’ve seen the real thing. Assaults upon individuals are classified either as “demonic possessions” or as the slightly more common but less intense attacks usually called “oppressions.” A possessed individual may suddenly, in a type of trance, voice statements of astonishing venom and contempt for religion, while understanding and speaking various foreign languages previously unknown to them. The subject might also exhibit enormous strength or even the extraordinarily rare phenomenon of levitation*. (I have not witnessed a levitation myself, but half a dozen people I work with vow that they’ve seen it in the course of their exorcisms.)* He or she might demonstrate “hidden knowledge” of all sorts of things — like how a stranger’s loved ones died, what secret sins she has committed, even where people are at a given moment. These are skills that cannot be explained except by special psychic or preternatural ability.

---These mentions of dark occult practices seemed to be exactly the connection I was looking for to explain the evil nature of this international-mafia. They purposely create wars, disease, child killings/raping, because these are the greatest sources of the dark and negative emotions/energy that they feed off of. I will list the mentions of dark magic and occults below from the previous three sources:

CIA Psychology study: “Theta Agents induced to harm patients by means of black magic”
Father Gabriel Amorth: “ people lay themselves open to possession by dabbling with black magic. Some are entrapped by a satanic cult. Others are the victims of a curse."
Richard Gallagher: “In the late 1980s, I was introduced to a self-styled Satanic high priestess.. In our many discussions, she acknowledged worshipping Satan as her “queen.” She could tell some people their secret weaknesses, such as undue pride. She knew how individuals she’d never known had died, including my mother and her fatal case of ovarian cancer. Six people later vouched to me that, during her exorcisms, they heard her speaking multiple languages, including Latin, completely unfamiliar to her outside of her trances.
Keynote: The simple yet significant conclusion that can be drawn from these excerpts is the fact that these malevolent spiritual entities are not entirely random and out of control, there exists people and groups with the spiritual capabilities/knowledge to wield these negative forces for personal gain.
--Take this quote from life-long clairvoyant Anton Steiger an outspoken advocate for the metaphysical realm and esoteric nature of our existence:
“When I see people in business or politics who are particularly trapped by the material world, for example, I notice that they no longer have any light bodies at all. In many of these people, the point of light at the heart chakra, which is otherwise always present, is no longer visible to me. Instead, I see something like a layer of ‘shiny tar’ around them in which a monstrous being in the shape of a lizard can be distinguished. When such people speak on television, for example, I see a crocodile shape manifesting itself around the person like in a concave mirror; I don’t see the light of their throat and forehead chakra.”

There is something different about these people, something inhuman, something immaterial. It’s time to wake up and realize that the material world is just a fraction of what we are meant to experience as humans. These elite fully understand this but use/hide this knowledge to serve the dark manifestations of spirituality through material control over every aspect of this world
Conclusion
submitted by BakaSandwich to outsideofthebox [link] [comments]


2020.07.29 16:41 Spotted_Lady Discussing the Whiteness article by Judith Katz

These are my opinions on the presentation, Some Aspects and Assumptions of White Culture in the United States.

Rugged Individualism

Competition

Justice

Communication

Holidays

History

Protestant Work Ethic

Emphasis on Scientific Method

Status, Power, and Authority

Time

Future Orientation

Family Structure

Aesthetics

Religion

submitted by Spotted_Lady to AboutWhiteCulture [link] [comments]


2020.07.23 18:18 jaylenholt [SHARE] Fulfilled Textbook Request Megathread #4

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ERA - Edinburgh(self) 3 [Article] belated: interruption(self) 4 [Article] Reusable and Recyclable Graphene Masks with Outstanding Superhydrophobic and Photothermal Performances(self) 8 [Article] Randomized Algorithms in Number Theory(self) 4 [Book] The Routledge Companion to Digital Humanities and Art History(self) 5 [Article] Regulatory cell therapy in kidney transplantation (The ONE Study): a harmonised design and analysis of seven non-randomised, single-arm, phase 1/2A trials by Sawitzki et al.(self) 0 1 [Book] Asian Freedoms: The Idea of Freedom in East and Southeast Asia (Cambridge), eds. David Kelly & Anthony Reid(self) 2 [Article] Local Mitochondrial ATP Production Regulates Endothelial Fatty Acid Uptake and Transport, by A. Ibrahim N. Yucel B. Kim Z. Arany(self) 4 [Chapter] Modeling Liquid–Liquid Extraction for Critical Elements Separations: An overview, (Chukwunwike O. Iloeje, 2020).(self) 6 [Article] Electrical stimulation in white oyster mushroom (Pleurotus florida) production, by I. Roshita, K. M. P. Nurfazira, C. Shi Fern, and M. S. Nur Ain(self) 1 [Book] Screen Adaptation: Impure Cinema by Deborah Cartmell and Imelda Whelehan(self) 4 [Book] Earth’s Insights (Callicott 1997)(self) 1 [Book] Viscosity of Pure Organic Liquids and Binary Liquid Mixtures 2017(self) 2 [BOOK] Needed: A comprehensive etymological dictionary of the Hebrew language for readers of English(self) 1 [Book] Hydrothermal chemistry of zeolites(self) 5 [Chapter] 2 chapters from A History of the United States Author: Philip Jenkins 3. Expansion and Crisis, 1825–65 6. Expansion and Crisis, 1825–65(self) 4 [Chapter] 8. The Fall of Actually Existing Socialism Authors: Prof. Geoffrey Swain, Dr. Nigel Swain(self) 5 [article] Sci-Hub didn't work for this article so I hope someone could help me !(self) 4 [Book] Evil Men, James Dawes(self) 1 [Chapter] from the book The Versailles Settlement Peacemaking after the First World War, 1919-1923 by Alan Sharp chapter 2. The Paris Peace Conference chapter 3. The League of Nations(self) 2 [Book] Macroeconomics(self) 1 [Article] "Eleutherna, the Orthi Petra Necropolis: Slewn by the Iron" by Nicholas Chr. Stampolidis.(self) 3 [Book] Contemporary Linguistics(self) 4 [Article](http://www.eurekaselect.com/137993/article)(self) 1 [Article](http://www.eurekaselect.com/137993/article)(self) 3 [Book] Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry(self) 1 [BOOK] Mastering Chemistry eBook(self) 3 [Book] The Oxford Handbook of Sovereign Wealth Funds(self) 1 [Book] "Marx, Marxism and Utopia" by Darren Webb (2000)(self) 5 [Article] "Law and Society", by Joachim J. Savelsberg, Lara L. Cleveland, in Oxford Bibliographies in Sociology(self) 2 [BOOK] Encouraging Pro-Environmental Behaviour - What Works, What Doesn't, and Why (2019)(self) 1 [BOOK] ''Guide for the economic design of circular metal silos'' by J.M. Rotter(self) 3 [BooK](JSTOR) The Evolved Apprentice: How Evolution Made Humans Unique by Kim Sterelny(self) 13 [Article] Matthews, Graham 2020 Pandemic, recession...: Capitalism is a Sick System. Green Left Weekly 1257, 2020.(self) 1 [BOOK]A comprehensive etymological dictionary of the Hebrew language for readers of English(self) 1 [Article] Sound Levels in Nursing Homes by Laura L. Joosse(self) 1 [Book] China Upside Down: Currency, Society, and Ideologies, 1808–1856 by Man-houng Lin(self) 3 [Book] The SAGE Handbook of Propaganda (2019)(self) 1 [BOOK] 'Lacan and Religion', by Aron Dunlap, Routledge, 2016(self) 2 [Book] Making It in the Market: Richard Ney's Low-Risk System for Stock Market Investors(self) 1 [Book] Comprendre les langues romanes(self) 1 [book] Derecho romano clásico, Betancourt(self) 6 [Book] The Oxford Handbook of Information Structure (2016)(self) 1 [book] pls help me find Physiotherapy in mental health and psychiatry(self) 4 [Article] Denationalization by Sir John Fischer Williams(self) 1 [BOOK] Statistical Methods for the Social and Behavioural Sciences - A Model-Based Approach (David B. Flora)(self) 1 [ARTICLE] Care as a Political Concept by Joan C. Tronto(self) 1 [Chapter] Agnieszka Uberman "English and Polish figurative language employing components of the frame of death" Cognitive Linguistics in the Year 2017. Peter Lang(self) 1 [book] Petroleum Contracts and International Law by Rudolf Dolzer(self) 1 [Book] A Short History of Persian Literature At the Bahmanī, the ‘Ādilshāhī and the Qutbshāhī Courts – Deccan(self) 4 [Book] A Japanese Advertising Agency: An Anthropology of Media and Markets (Routledge) by Brian Moeran(self) 1 [Book] The Way of Synthesis: Evolution of Design and Methods for Natural Products(self) 1 [book] ما في القرآن الكريم - دراسة نحوية(self) 6 [Book] (JSTOR) First Peoples in a New World: Colonizing Ice Age America by David J. Meltzer(self)
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2020.07.12 07:58 secretymology “Who wants to be reminded that half—perhaps as many as two thirds—of the original American colonists came here, not of their own free will, but kidnapped, shanghaied, impressed, duped, beguiled, and yes, in chains?... we tend to gloss over it... we’d prefer to forget the whole sorry chapter...”

Quote from Elaine Kendall (Los Angeles Times, Sept. 1, 1985)
“White slavery ” bibliography, resources and documentation:
White slavery was the historic base upon which negro slavery was constructed. “…the important structures, labor ideologies and social relations necessary for slavery already had been established within indentured servitude… white servitude… in many ways came remarkably close to the ‘ideal type’ of chattel slavery which later became associated with the African experience” (Hilary McD. Beckles, White Servitude, pp. 6-7 and 71). “The practice developed and tolerated in the kidnapping of Whites laid the foundation for the kidnapping of Negroes.” (Eric Williams, From Columbus to Castro, p. 103)
“The white servant, a semi-slave, was more important in the 17th century than even the negro slave, in respect to both numbers and economic significance.” (Marcus W. Jernegan, Laboring and Dependent Classes in Colonial America, p. 45).
Where mainstream history books or films touch on White slavery it is referred to with the deceptively mild-sounding title of “indentured servitude,” the implication being that the enslavement of Whites was not as terrible or all-encompassing as negro “slavery” but constituted instead a more benign bondage, that of “servitude.” Hoffman, TWWATWS
A very incomplete bibliography of a universal phenomenon. All peoples have enslaved and been enslaved. This is not an apology for slavery, or an attempt to minimise the horrific suffering wrought by black slavery, but an endeavour performed in the hope that - since we have all suffered from it - we might at last put historical servitude to rest. Most importantly, it serves as a ‘timely’ reminder of how lucky and privileged we ALL are to live in the modern era, in comparison to any other time in last couple of millennia. Life has never been easier, more comfortable, freer or fairer than it is right now.
They called it “indentured servitude”, “transportation” etc and called the victims “servants”, “convicts” and “criminals” but - rather like we today call kidnapping ‘extraordinary rendition’ - this was simply a linguistic and euphemistic trick to disguise the barbaric reality and pervasiveness of white slavery.
This is not the history you learn in schools, for very obvious reasons. The selective focus on black slavery has become a political cudgel with a very nefarious agenda. What puzzles me is why have the white elites always sought to conceal the truth of white slavery, even fighting to abolish black slavery thousands of miles away, while ignoring the horrendous and tragic examples of their own race all around them, even going so far as to exacerbate the already-heartbreaking suffering of the indigenous white slave class over the last few centuries. Perhaps familiarity, proximity, guilt or the recognition of the underclasses’ potential for revolution led them to greater contempt for their own?
———
The word ‘slave’ derives from ‘Slav’, a member of an Eastern European race which was so heavily enslaved by the Vikings, the Muslims and others that they became virtually synonymous with - and actually ‘lent’ their name to - the concept.
The words ‘hillbilly’ and ‘redneck’ derive from black slaves’ nicknames for the white slaves and poor free whites whose jobs they took. ‘Kidnapped’ was originally ‘kid-nabbed’ and related to the theft and sale of white children for the purposes of industrial, domestic or sexual slavery.
“Who wants to be reminded that half—perhaps as many as two thirds—of the original American colonists came here, not of their own free will, but kidnapped, shanghaied, impressed, duped, beguiled, and yes, in chains?... we tend to gloss over it... we’d prefer to forget the whole sorry chapter... “(Elaine Kendall, Los Angeles Times, Sept. 1, 1985).
Not quite forgotten, just a case of selective amnesia...
——-
White slaves in Britain and Colonial America: a bibliography.
Michael A Hoffman - “They Were White And They Were Slaves”:
As a free abridged pdf:
http://jrbooksonline.com/PDF_Books/theywereslaves.pdf
https://www.amazon.com/They-Were-White-Slaves-Enslavement/dp/0929903056
Hoffman Interview with Texe Marrs - 22nd October 2016:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9eodqYzlHGQ
European Slavery:
Primer:
Dana Ashlie:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MwN-Pdfd-Qo&t=1262s
Ashlie’s book references:
“To Hell or Barbados; White Slavery in the Barbary States” by Charles Sumner
https://www.amazon.com/Hell-Barbados-Ethnic-Cleansing-Ireland/dp/0863222870/ref=sr_1_1?crid=2CHPBRCVG47J7&dchild=1&keywords=to+hell+or+barbados&qid=1594466654&sprefix=To+hell+or+barba%2Caps%2C228&sr=8-1
“White Cargo” by Don Jordan and Michael Walsh
https://www.amazon.com/White-Cargo-Forgotten-History-Britains-ebook/dp/B071NY773Y/ref=sr_1_2?crid=2CHPBRCVG47J7&dchild=1&keywords=to+hell+or+barbados&qid=1594466705&sprefix=To+hell+or+barba%2Caps%2C228&sr=8-2
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/books/3664862/The-forgotten-history-of-Britains-white-slaves.html
“Proclamation 1625: America's Enslavement of the Irish” by Herbert L Byrd Jr
https://www.amazon.com/Proclamation-1625-Americas-Enslavement-Irish-ebook/dp/B01E9RW2EQ/ref=sr_1_1?dchild=1&keywords=Proclamation+1625&qid=1594466748&sr=8-1
“They Were White And They Were Slaves” by Michael A Hoffman II
https://www.amazon.com/They-Were-White-Slaves-Enslavement/dp/0929903056
“Without Indentures : Index to White Slave Children in Colonial Court Records” by Richard Hayes Phillips PhD
https://www.amazon.com/Without-Indentures-Children-Colonial-Maryland/dp/0806319798/ref=sr_1_1?dchild=1&keywords=Without+indentures&qid=1594466829&sr=8-1
——
Other books of interest:
“White Servitude and Black Slavery in Barbados, 1627-1715” by Hilary McD Beckles
https://www.amazon.com/White-Servitude-Slavery-Barbados-1627-1715/dp/0870496018
“Slavery from Roman Times to the Early Transatlantic Trade” by William D. Phillips, Jr.
https://www.amazon.com/Slavery-Roman-Times-Early-Transatlantic/dp/0816613257
Preview:
https://books.google.co.uk/books/about/Slavery_from_Roman_Times_to_the_Early_Tr.html?id=GOZRAQAAIAAJ&redir_esc=y
“Slavery in Russia, 1450- 1725” by Richard Hellie
https://www.amazon.co.uk/Slavery-Russia-1450-1725-Richard-Hellie/dp/0226326470/ref=sr_1_2?dchild=1&keywords=Richard+Hellie&qid=1594467707&sr=8-2
“In Search of the Dark Ages” by Michael Wood
https://www.amazon.com/Search-Dark-Ages-Michael-Wood-ebook/dp/B00WN3KCUK/ref=sr_1_1?dchild=1&keywords=Michael+Wood%E2%80%99s+In+Search+of+the+Dark+Ages%3A&qid=1594468202&sr=8-1
“Slavery and Society in Medieval Scandinavia” by Ruth Mazo Karras
https://www.amazon.com/Slavery-Medieval-Scandinavia-Historical-Publications/dp/0300041217/ref=sr_1_7?dchild=1&keywords=Ruth+Mazo+Karras&qid=1594468378&sr=8-7
“Red over Black: Black Slavery among the Cherokee Indians” by R. Halliburton, Jr.,
https://www.amazon.com/Red-over-Black-Contributions-Afro-American/dp/0837190347
White Servitude in the Colony of Virginia: A Study of the System of Indentured Labor in the American Colonies: A Study of the System of Indentured Labor in the American Colonies by JC Ballagh.
https://www.amazon.com/White-Servitude-Colony-Virginia-Indentured/dp/078841707X
Bound for America: The Transportation of British Convicts to the Colonies, 1718-1775 (Clarendon Paperbacks) by A. Roger Ekirch.
https://www.amazon.com/Bound-America-Transportation-1718-1775-Paperbacks/dp/0198202113/ref=sr_1_3?dchild=1&keywords=Bound+for+America&qid=1594546347&sr=8-3

——
Selected radio podcasts:
Michael A Hoffman II interviewed by Red Ice in 2017:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kLP7cZTNyNY
Hoffman with Jim Goad (from 38 minutes in):
https://jimgoad.net/podcast/?episode=13
Hoffman talking with Ernst Zundel:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-jeIAA1jJuY
Robert Davis, with Radio 314, on his book “Christian Slaves, Muslim Masters: White Slavery in the Mediterranean”
https://redice.tv/radio-3fourteen/christian-slaves-muslim-masters-white-slavery-in-the-mediterranean
Ireland and the slave trade presentation:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RxCKKqZ2iKU
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2020.06.13 20:26 666isbad Wanna go down an insane inter-dimensional rabbit hole (Part II)

SS
(u/Downvotedcomment_ is the original creatoposter. Sharing this incredible work)

Read Part I first if you haven't already
INTRODUCTION:
The ultimate goal of this project was to obtain a better understanding specifically of the spiritual/metaphysical aspects of the pedophilia which is so inexplicably rampant amongst the highest echelon's of every society in the world. In the last post we explored the idea of this secret ancient occult knowledge and how it has been passed down amongst the rich and powerful in secrecy since the beginning of civilization. We found out in Part I that this "secret ancient occult knowledge" is actually just a Hermetic view of the world that is basically an understanding that the spiritual/metaphysical aspects of reality are not only real, but far more important than the simple material experience which we live everyday. It is no mistake that the term "occult" (which literally means secret or hidden) has been so heavily weaponized especially in the US, it is immediately associated with pseudo-scientific lunacy by almost everyone mainly thanks to Hollywood. This is what originally motivated me to begin this project, the mainstream's overt insistency that anything spiritual or metaphysical is to be laughed at was becoming a bit too obvious for me. This, paired with the obvious spiritual obsessions ie (symbolism, rituals etc) of the most powerful people in the world was really bothering me and inspired me to make these posts.
SECTION I: That which is apparent to our five senses is only a fraction of the human experience
.
First we must do a recap on the ancient origins of esoteric and spiritual knowledge. In Part I, we showed that an extremely diluted form of Gnosticism (a strictly metaphysical belief system) influenced each and every one of the mainstream religions practiced today. But what I failed to mention in the last post was the fact that Gnosticism was specifically derived from the Hermetic school of thought which gained popularity in ancient Egypt and is said to have originated far before the earliest of our known history. Hermeticism is said to be passed down from the ancients of the “lost land” and has been regarded as the oldest form of knowledge even amongst the ancient Egyptians who taught it and popularized it. The Hermetic Teachings are to be found in all lands, among all religions; this knowledge has been very carefully disseminated amongst the elites of various secret societies for generations upon generations. I recommend reading the first chapter of the Kybalion if you want a full picture of its origins.
-So why should we take Hermeticism seriously?
Here I will show that these unimaginably-ancient Hermetic Principles are constantly being proven in modern science through quantum mechanics
--Mentalism: The first Hermetic principle tells us that “All is mind, the universe is mental.”
This is now being explained by breakthroughs in quantum gravity, the field devoted to uniting Einstein’s relativity with quantum theory, as due to quantum information processing, which tells us that our spacetime is an emergent simulation. Elsewhere, experiments into the foundations of quantum mechanics, such as tests of the Leggett inequality, have actually falsified material realism. Recent discoveries tell us that spacetime emerges specifically from entangled information, the information generating quantum entanglement, the phenomenon wherein two or more particles affect each other at vast distances at speeds faster than light (Previously regarded as impossible by the Laws of Physics) .
Meanwhile theIntegrated Information Theory of consciousness, or IIT, identifies entangled information as integrated information or consciousness:
”Quantum entanglement and integrated information, to the extent that one cannot perturb two elements independently, they are informationally one
Putting these two together we see therefore that spacetime emerges from consciousness.The universe is after all a mental information construct inside of some greater consciousness, which is of course the same thing as the Hermetic Principle of Mentalism.


--Vibration: The next Hermetic principle ill cover, the Principle of Vibration tells us that: “Nothing rests; Everything moves; Everything vibrates.”
Modern physics exactly parallels this with the wavefunction. According to the Schrodinger equation in quantum mechanics, everything can be defined by a wavefunction that describes a quantum probability wave, which vibrates at a specific frequency.
--Interestingly, the parallels do not stop there. Other direct parallels specific to both quantum mechanics, as well as even more advanced physics exist. The Kybalion states that:
“if the vibrations be continually increased the object would mount up the successive states of manifestation… until it would finally re-enter The All,”
As it turns out, the frequency of an object’s wavefunction is directly proportional to the energy content of the object being described. So the higher the vibration of the object the greater the degree of its mass or energy content, just as described in the quote.
A discovery regarding the relationship between space and quantum entanglement demonstrated that spacetime behaves as a holistic pattern of entanglement known as a string-net, and that subatomic particles emerge from this string-net. This network of entanglements is of course a field of vibrating quantum waves.
String theory meanwhile tells us something similar. According to string theory matter and space are actually two descriptions of the same thing. This is shown by the fact that spacetime created by matter due to relativity shares the same vibratory frequency as the matter that generated it. The spacetime is merely matter at a different degree of vibration and vice-versa, exactly as explained in the quote.


Take this quote from the massively important CIA document ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF GATEWAY PROCESS

Important side note: The paragraph cuts off here and does not continue on to the next page. This paragraph on page 24 was titled “34. Belief System Considerations”. The next page is not 25 but is page 26 and the paragraph is titled “37. Motivational Aspect” obviously skipping the material which is most important to my argument
“...the universe which at least some physicists are now coming to accept is identical… with the one known to the learned elite in selected civilizations and cultures of high attainment in the ancient world.”
If you would like to see more connections with quantum theories and ancient occult ideas refer to these two posts of mine:
"The Soul"
"The Absolute"
--Continuing with Modern scientists struggles with the relation between ancient knowledge and modern quantum theories we have learned in the last century

Werner Heisenberg:
Quote from Tao of Physics
“I had several discussions with Heisenberg. I lived in England then [circa 1972], and I visited him several times in Munich and showed him the whole manuscript chapter by chapter. He was very interested and very open, and he told me something that I think is not known publicly because he never published it. He said that he was well aware of these parallels. While he was working on quantum theory he went to India to lecture and was a guest of Tagore**. He talked a lot with Tagore about Indian philosophy. Heisenberg told me that these talks had helped him a lot with his work in physics, because they showed him that all these new ideas in quantum physics were in fact not all that crazy. He realized there was, in fact, a whole culture that subscribed to very similar ideas. Heisenberg said that this was a great help for him.** Niels Bohr had a similar experience when he went to China.”
Erwin Schrödinger:
“Nirvana is a state of pure blissful knowledge… It has nothing to do with the individual. The ego or its separation is an illusion. Indeed in a certain sense two ‘I”s are identical namely when one disregards all special contents — their Karma. The goal of man is to preserve his Karma and to develop it further… when man dies his Karma lives and creates for itself another carrier.
“In itself, the insight is not new. The earliest records, to my knowledge**, date back some 2500 years or more... the recognition** ATMAN = BRAHMAN (the personal self equals the omnipresent, all-comprehending eternal self) was in Indian thought considered, far from being blasphemous, to represent the quintessence of deepest insight into the happenings of the world.

Niels Bohr:
“For a parallel regarding to the lesson regarding the limited applicability of such customary idealizations, we must in fact turn to quite other branches of science, such as psychology, or even to that kind of epistemological problems with which already thinkers like Buddha and Lao Tse have been confronted, when trying to harmonize our position as spectators and actors in the great drama of existence.”
In the psychophysical parallelism, as envisaged by Leibniz and Spinoza, has obtained a wider scope through the development of atomic physics, which forces us to an attitude towards the problem of explanation recalling ancient wisdom, that when searching for harmony in life one must never forget that in the drama of existence we are ourselves both actors and spectators.
Bohr adopted the yin yang symbol as part of his family coat of arms when he was knighted in 1947.
Wolfganf Pauli*: He viewed that the acquisition of knowledge in mathematics or quantum physics “gives rise, however, to a situation transcending natural science” that can even acquire a “religious function” in human experience. This is not a belief in the religions of old, but as Pauli states “I do not believe in the possible future of mysticism in the old form.* However, I do believe that the natural sciences will out of themselves bring forth a counter pole in their adherents, which connects to the old mystic elements.”
Alber Einstein: This [the theories connecting ancient mysticism with modern quantum mechanics] led to Einstein’s famous attempt at “breaking” quantum physics, the EPR paradox. At first a thought experiment which appeared to demonstrate quantum physics violating the seemingly well established principle of locality, later experiments showed that quantum physics instead proved locality to be false, therefore collapsing the laws of physics.
Violations of locality and determinism seemed to bother Einstein greatly, and this can be seen in his famous quote objecting to the randomness involved in wave function collapse under Bohr’s interpretation, that “God does not play dice”.
Einstein wrote in his autobiography:
“All my attempts to adapt the theoretical foundation of physics to this new type of knowledge (quantum mechanics) have failed completely. It was as if the ground had been pulled out from under one, with no firm foundation to be seen anywhere, upon which one could have built.”
Keynote: I am by no means claiming that these scientists have “cracked the code” of ancient mysticism or have indefinitely solidified a scientifically proven connection between these ancient ideologies and modern physics. I am not even saying that these scientists fully believed the point im trying to prove her at all. But let's just assume for a second that what I am arguing is true, these ancient Hermetic texts have divine origins and are a correct philosophical interpretation of the intertwined physical and metaphysical reality of the universe. If this was the case wouldn't it be safe to predict that the most intelligent minds, attempting to understand the laws of the universe, in modern history would be in a constant intellectual struggle with these ideas throughout their career? Well, know we know that they have been.
Now let’s look at the physicists behind the CIA and KGB during the Cold War:
-- Because of the Cold War, accounts of alleged psychic abilities (extrasensory perception, as in telepathy, precognition, clairvoyance, psychokinesis, a.k.a. telekinesis, and psychometry) could no longer be ignored by the US and USSR intelligence agencies out of fear of losing a competitive edge. Experiments and tests on people with these abilities were abundant at this time, thankfully coming along with an overwhelming amount of scientific literature trying to figure out how the hell this was even possible. It soon became obvious that well.. it wasn’t, well at least not within our current laws of physics, we obviously needed to reevaluate our current understanding of physics just like Einstein in that quote. This called for scientists to start taking the theories of quantum mechanics seriously. Quantum mechanics ended up being the first field of study which could offer natural explanations for these phenomena.
--The significant results of the findings in the document ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF GATEWAY PROCESS, showed that the only way to naturally explain this kind of paranormal/esoteric phenomena, scientists view the universe through the Holographic Universe Theory.
We know from the last post that there is as much evidence behind the holographic universe theory as there is behind the current big bang theory, I elaborated on this in Part 1.
--There becomes a point where, both physicists and us a society, have to be either all in on this holographic theory of the universe or just discredit it altogether. There simply is no other way to explain the paranormal phenomena which people around the world are conducting. The problem with going “all in” with this theory is that it tears down everything that we know, again just like we saw Einstein stressing in his quote.
This is best exemplified in a CIA document showing a Soviet Scientist, tasked with constructing a quantum theory of reality. He states:
“The repeated attempt to construct a quantum theory of field.. that would not be purley illusory and in which it would not be necessary to physically absurd consequences*, have not been met with success”*
Read The Paraphysics Warsaw Pact to see how real paranormal abilities are

SECTION II: What exactly am I looking for?

To tie back into Part I, we must understand that all of those in power have a complete and total understanding of the Hermetic spiritual nature of the universe which they have actively and purposely hidden from the masses over generations. Those in power have used this spiritual/metaphysical knowledge to their advantage in order to maintain ultimate and total dominance over the world and its inhabitants.
So where does the evil that embodies these elite tie in?:
Going back to Robert Bernard; here he explains how spirituality came into play during his time as a top player in this international crime syndicate:
“Then you start to discover that there is much more than what I call the 4 dimensions, you have length, width, height, and time… but then you start to discover that we are the cross point of multi-dimensions and frequencies.. You start to sense that there is really something going on in the other frequencies and dimensions and then you start also to know that there are low frequency beings, what we call now the fallen angels or the Djinn, who are really serving a sort of master… a dark manifestation entity known as Lucifer… We really have to face the fact that besides the 4 dimensions we have this interaction with other intellects, other beings.. And the ones I was serving (negative manifestation Lucifer) was real- it was not a joke, including the sacrifice of children everything was real.
I also came across a reference to these evil entities in the book The Vatican Exposed
“The scoundrels we study remain even to this day some of the most accomplished matter deceivers in western history. The fraud and masquerade we encounter in these pages is not only a product of a particular conspiracy or cabal it is older than the pyramids and of institutional character. They are two-faced operators, for whom double-thinking and double-dealing are second nature..to an immensity greater than we can imagine. We are in the presence of the servants of an intelligence almost without limit; and second only to God”

Once again an immaterial evil force was mentioned by the Vatican’s top exorcist Father Gabriel Amorth:
According to The Times, Amorth blames "cardinals who do not believe in Jesus, and bishops who are linked to the Demon".
Father Gabriele Amorth, who according to The Times is president of honour of the Association of Exorcists, said the Vatican's current problems - including recurrent child abuse allegations and a brewing gay prostitution scandal - can be largely attributed to Lucifer's visitation at the Vatican.

Main Point: What the fuck are all these different sources talking about? I was so goddamn lost at this point in my research but at the same time absolutely positive(my opinion) that these consistent allusions to this immaterial force, couldn't just all be bullshit, there is an active evil presence playing out malevolent events in our world to serve a higher spiritual being and I was not going to stop until I found out what it was.

Section III: The ancient descriptions of this immaterial force

Like with most of this project I will start with the most ancient description I can find which, again, is the Gnostics, this is how they describe these malevolent spiritual forces which they call Archons:
Archons:
-They are cyborgs inhabiting the planetary system (exclusive of the earth, sun and moon), which is **described as a virtual world (**stereoma) they construct by imitating the geometric forms emanated from the Pleroma, the realm of the Generators, the Cosmic Gods.
-Archons are said to feel intense envy toward humanity because we possess the intentionality they lack
-Have no empathy, feed off of negative emotions, have no creative ability
-Archons are an alien force that intrudes subliminally upon the human mind and deviates our intelligence away from its proper and sane applications.
-Archons are psycho-spiritual parasites**.**
-The risk they pose by invading our mental software is far greater than any physical risk they might pose by erratically breaching the biosphere.
-Because the Archons need human complicity to gain power over humankind, any one who assists them can be considered a kind of Archon, an accessory.
-Working through telepathy and suggestion, the Archons attempt to deviate us from our proper course of evolution. Their most successful technique is to use religious ideology to insinuate their way of thinking and, in effect, substitute their mind-set for ours.
Keynote: to quickly summarize here, an Archon is a parasitic, cyborg, alien/foreign intruder. They are envious of certain human traits, attach to hosts, and have telepathic powers at their dispense. Really think about the meaning of these ideas, especially the bold terms, before moving on to the next section.

--Quran-Djinn(specifically referenced by Ronald Bernard): Djinn are capable of possessing human beings. They are said to enter the bloodstream and circulate rapidly through the body. They cause mental and physical problems, and also disrupt marriages and relationships. Asking a Djinn to leave, or bargaining with it, may not be enough to get it to go, and someone who is trained may be needed to perform an exorcism to get it out of the body.
According to Islamic writings, Djinn live alongside other creatures but form a world other than that of mankind. Though they see us they cannot be seen. Characteristics they share with human beings are intellect and freedom to choose between right and wrong and between good and bad, but according to the Qur'an their origin is different from that of man

-- Mesopotamian Toltec-The Allies: . The Allies lack a brain, which means they have no factory to create emotions, but they need the ethereal energy of emotions to sustain their life. Allies push humans to create traumas in order to create fear, which they feed upon.”
The Allies must then convert emotion into the negative emotion on which they feed. He explained that the Allies had no mechanism to produce the negative emotional energy themselves. They had to turn human emotional energy into negative energy before they could harvest it. In order to turn human emotion negative, the Allies are capable of putting fearful thoughts into the minds of humans which in turn generates the negative emotion on which they feed. These entities are attracted to negative emotional energy much as sharks are to blood.

--Wetiko-Native Americans: Wetiko is an Algonquin word for a cannibalistic spirit that is driven by greed, excess, and selfish consumption (in Ojibwa it is windigo, wintiko in Powhatan). It deludes its host into believing that cannibalizing the life-force of others (others in the broad sense, including animals and other forms of life) is a logical and morally upright way to live.
-Wetiko short-circuits the individual’s ability to see itself as an enmeshed and interdependent part of a balanced environment and raises the self-serving ego to supremacy. It is this false separation of self from nature that makes this cannibalism, rather than simple murder.
-Wetiko can describe both the infection and the body infected; a person can be infected by wetiko or, in cases where the infection is very advanced, can personify the disease: ‘a wetiko.’ This holds true for cultures and systems; all can be described as being wetiko if they routinely manifest these traits.

--Chitauri - Ancient African: -The Chitauri are an evil extraterrestrial race of shape-shifting humanoids
- We are told the Chitauri feed on the energy that we give them. They make us fight against each other, and when the whole world is drowning in death, fear, and terror, the Chitauri get fed by the dark power which is brought out when humans destroy the planet on which they live. They are fed when human minds think at certain levels. We are told they want us to think at certain levels and they reward us with long lives.
--E’epa-Hawaii: The e'epa are mental forces that have the ability to intrude into the human mind. They operate through subterfuge and psychic stealth.
They are adversaries who are drawn to humans because they wish to acquire our human capacity for creative imagination. Humans are creators, and they are not. Because of this, the deceivers will always be thwarted by the superiority of our human species."

--Bible-Demons: Demons have the ability to possess people*. These fallen angels are what the Bible refers to as demons.* Demons are able to take shape, form and be visible to humans (Job 4:15). Demons may be exercised, or driven out, from a possessed person. However, this may be dangerous if not followed by stringent cleaning and discipleship. Without proper spiritual care, the person might then be open for a seven-fold infestation (Matthew 12:45).
Demons confuse the truth by utilizing demonic lies and half-truths (1 John 4:4).Those who worship idols and pagan gods are really worshipping and sacrificing to demons. Demons live to deceive people into worshipping themselves (1 Corinthians 10:20-21). The Bible teaches that demons can inhabit animals and people (Matthew 8:31)
--Zuswazi Africa-Zulu:
And, it is further said that these Zuswazi, these Imbulu, or whatever you choose to call them, are not capable of eating solid food. They either eat human blood, or they eat that power, the energy that is generated when human beings, on the surface of the Earth, are fighting and killing each other in large numbers.
Main point: How is it possible that all of these cultures from all over the world from entirely different time periods are describing the same force with the same characteristics? There has got to be some reality to this, something more than simply primitive fairytale like we are taught. So I researched…

Section IV: Modern Descriptions of this evil inter-dimensional force
There are beings in the spiritual realms for whom anxiety and fear emanating from human beings offer welcome food. When humans have no anxiety and fear, then these creatures starve.” declared Steiner. “These beings are hostile towards humanity …and they become more and more powerful (from this negative human energy nutrition) …launching cruel attacks on human beings.
“Therefore,” says Steiner, “it is above all necessary… that the person who enters the spiritual world overcomes fear, feelings of helplessness, despair and anxiety. These are exactly the feelings that belong to contemporary culture and materialism because it estranges people from the spiritual world… to evoke hopelessness and fear of the unknown in people, thereby calling up the above mentioned hostile forces against them.

This wasn't enough for me, I needed some scientific backing, after seaching long and hard I came across this psychology study in the CIA FOIAvault by clinical psychologist Juilka Kiskos and Andree Samuel

The Abstract Reads:
“Clinical Psychology has not taken into account evidence provided by other areas of research that point to the existence of other levels of reality. Therefore, that which is not perceived through physical senses is often considered as being of a paranormal nature. The authors have observed that in some psychological disorders sometimes there is an ESP factor mingled with the symptoms, and which are only taken into account as a proof of "insanity".
-The entire study is dedicated to drawing a distinction between what doctors deem as “insanity” from actual clairvoyance experiences. The specific type of “insanity” we are going to cover for our purpose is the schizophrenia/”voices in your head” part of the study. These psychologists would employ “sensitives” or people with ESP to try and interact with these “voices” in some way. They turned out to be extremely successful and seemingly were performing ground breaking science that, unsurprisingly, we never heard about...
Here are some direct quotes from the study:
During the treatment of certain patients, we came across extraneous personalities*. These were named “Theta Agents” because the circumstances in which they manifest themselves led us to conclude they were deceased persons.”*
“As a working hypothesis, we consider that these entities exist in another level of reality or structure of their personality*, enabling us to understand and(page cuts off)”
-There are 4 different groups of Theta Agents that they categorized. Only one of them matched up to the description consistently allotted to us by these ancient cultures previously mentioned.
Category 3: “Theta Agents induced to harm patients by means of black magic”
https://i.redd.it/g7zekqa6tmm31.png
Now we are starting to get somewhere, The next place I looked for evidence turned out to be the more obvious one, with a lot more first hand accounts and expert testimonies… demonic possessions, which I previously believed were fiction.
-What many religions have called “demon/djinn/e’epa/etc. possessions” actually turns out to be a very similar if not identical condition as the malevolent “theta agent” described above.
There is undoubtedly a demand for the services of Exorcists which has been legitimized by the Vatican:
“In 1990, Father Amorth and five other officially appointed exorcists founded the International Association of Exorcists.By 2010, the organization numbered around 300 members from around the world, and although it was founded as an informal organization, the Roman Catholic Church officially approved its statute in 2014.”
--Father Gabriel Amorth did an exclusive interview on this topic which he required to be released only after he died, here are the highlights:
Q: Can you contact these entities, what do they say?
A: "Yes, through the patient, but in a strange, unnatural voice. If it is the Devil himself, he says 'I am Satan, or Lucifer, or Beelzebub. We ask if he is alone or if there are others with him. We ask when and how they entered that particular body. We find out whether their presence is due to a spell and the specifics of that spell.
Q: How do people come to be possessed by demons in the first place?
A: "I believe God sometimes singles out certain souls for a special test of spiritual endurance, but more often people lay themselves open to possession by dabbling with black magic. Some are entrapped by a satanic cult. Others are the victims of a curse."
--If you do not want to take the word of someone with religious presuppositions and biases I completely understand, neither did I. So here are the highlights from a Washington Post interview with Richard Gallagher, a board-certified psychiatrist and a professor of clinical psychiatry at New York Medical College (studied psychology at Princeton, Yale, and Columbia) Here is what he had to say:

"As a man of reason, I’ve had to rationalize the seemingly irrational. Questions about how a scientifically trained physician can believe “such outdated and unscientific nonsense,” as I’ve been asked, have a simple answer***. I honestly weigh the evidence. I have been told simplistically that levitation defies the laws of gravity, and, well, of course it does! We are not dealing here with purely material reality, but with the spiritual realm. One cannot force these creatures to undergo lab studies or submit to scientific manipulation; they will also hardly allow themselves to be easily recorded by video equipment, as skeptics sometimes demand. (The official Catholic Catechism holds that demons are sentient and possess their own wills*; as* they are fallen angels, they are also craftier than humans. That’s how they sow confusion and seed doubt, after all.)"
"But I believe I’ve seen the real thing. Assaults upon individuals are classified either as “demonic possessions” or as the slightly more common but less intense attacks usually called “oppressions.” A possessed individual may suddenly, in a type of trance, voice statements of astonishing venom and contempt for religion, while understanding and speaking various foreign languages previously unknown to them. The subject might also exhibit enormous strength or even the extraordinarily rare phenomenon of levitation*. (I have not witnessed a levitation myself, but half a dozen people I work with vow that they’ve seen it in the course of their exorcisms.)* He or she might demonstrate “hidden knowledge” of all sorts of things — like how a stranger’s loved ones died, what secret sins she has committed, even where people are at a given moment. These are skills that cannot be explained except by special psychic or preternatural ability.

---These mentions of dark occult practices seemed to be exactly the connection I was looking for to explain the evil nature of this international-mafia. They purposely create wars, disease, child killings/raping, because these are the greatest sources of the dark and negative emotions/energy that they feed off of. I will list the mentions of dark magic and occults below from the previous three sources:

CIA Psychology study: “Theta Agents induced to harm patients by means of black magic”
Father Gabriel Amorth: “ people lay themselves open to possession by dabbling with black magic. Some are entrapped by a satanic cult. Others are the victims of a curse."
Richard Gallagher: “In the late 1980s, I was introduced to a self-styled Satanic high priestess.. In our many discussions, she acknowledged worshipping Satan as her “queen.” She could tell some people their secret weaknesses, such as undue pride. She knew how individuals she’d never known had died, including my mother and her fatal case of ovarian cancer. Six people later vouched to me that, during her exorcisms, they heard her speaking multiple languages, including Latin, completely unfamiliar to her outside of her trances.
Keynote: The simple yet significant conclusion that can be drawn from these excerpts is the fact that these malevolent spiritual entities are not entirely random and out of control, there exists people and groups with the spiritual capabilities/knowledge to wield these negative forces for personal gain.
--Take this quote from life-long clairvoyant Anton Steiger an outspoken advocate for the metaphysical realm and esoteric nature of our existence:
“When I see people in business or politics who are particularly trapped by the material world, for example, I notice that they no longer have any light bodies at all. In many of these people, the point of light at the heart chakra, which is otherwise always present, is no longer visible to me. Instead, I see something like a layer of ‘shiny tar’ around them in which a monstrous being in the shape of a lizard can be distinguished. When such people speak on television, for example, I see a crocodile shape manifesting itself around the person like in a concave mirror; I don’t see the light of their throat and forehead chakra.”

There is something different about these people, something inhuman, something immaterial. It’s time to wake up and realize that the material world is just a fraction of what we are meant to experience as humans. These elite fully understand this but use/hide this knowledge to serve the dark manifestations of spirituality through material control over every aspect of this world
Conclusion
submitted by 666isbad to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2020.04.24 01:12 acloudrift Social Virtue Scale, present Objective

Social Virtue, a quest part 1
Why Social Virtue Ratings? Why do we need to measure social virtue? (unlike Jesus, it saves)
Because the previously established way to signal it was wasteful spending... Economics and Social Status
Cultural Diversity, Status Concerns and the Organization of Work
Having a competent rating market (set of ratings institutions) is more credible (than showing-off), making ostentatious display unnecessary. See British Sumptuary Laws, Romans put them down too. Spirit of Laws (1751)
Having access to a social virtue score lets people know how they are doing, and how other people compare. It could inspire more efforts, or more envy, or other things to try, like getting rid of the most dangerous, unvirtuous entities.
The Cull, to de-squeeze the Middle Class.
What could possibly be wrong among the 'cognitive elites'?
From my Goy perspective, the major problems are interventions, monopolies, deceptions, and psychopaths.
Hypothesis: Monopoly is evil, and maybe the greatest of evils.
Domination: shadow model vs strangle model
Controverting the Dominant Paradigm unto a work of Faith; Protestant Reformation and Ethic
Interventions, from Ron Paul to Jefferson and Jesus
Mucking Intervention, a crock o'sheet
Rules that govern in Nature and Interventions
Controverting the Dominant Paradigm is Risky
Damaging Effects, Jewish Intellectualism etc. by RooshV; Summary of Culture of Critique annotated; answers to The Jewish Question part 1
Jewish Hubris and Deceit lining up dominoes for Israeli collapse?
6 Jewish Companies Control 96% of the World’s Media 2015
Don't believe media is controlled by one dark source?
We're off to see the Wizard of Tikkun Olam
Does Corporation Management Correlate with Psychopathology? study shows: IT DOES
Who should be rated for Social Virtue?
Individuals, businesses, government and military/police offices, schools, other associations, organizations, and every social construct entity that has influence in a social setting, especially media publishing entities.
How to measure social virtue?
Collect existing methods into an aggregate data base and apply open-source software to evaluate (assign measurements) to various parameters. Ratings should have several categories, like financial evaluations do. Separate rating systems could be developed for separate moral standards (no such thing as a universal morality, to aver this is to promote supremacy). Software should be multiply appraised for group bias (eg. Israeli affiliations), and sourced from several operatives in a competitive environment.
Basis of "Prior Art"
Rating Agency cfi
Credit rating agency wkpd
Credit Score (fiscal responsibility and proclivity toward debt)
edit May.1 another basis for appraisal of individual-aggregations: HDI Human Development index
edit Aug.31.2020 Kaspersky Social Ratings
Data search producers work on available personal records... called background checks
Internet sales innovates with user feedback 'ratings'
Trustpilot (for companies & businesses) "Behind every review is an experience that matters"
Maximize your social currency: How consumer feedback drives sales
Ratings and Reviews; "review" is an experienced opinion, and experience is the best source of knowledge
Example from medical assessments Here is a diagram of coronavirus risk assessment done by computer, "Maxiumum likelyhood classification tree for hospitalization". Notice the binary results.
What existing methods?
Tests for IQ, Scholastic Aptitude, various cognitive functions; school transcripts, accreditations, certificates, degrees, ranks, etc..
Talent reviews, competitions, tournaments, matches, etc.
Participation in team sports or other public events, volunteer work, church attendance, place in corporate hierarchy, etc..
Testimonies, experiential reviews, event summaries, memoirs, likability, good will, charisma, etc.
Compositions: non-fiction articles, social and mass media published items, reports, polls, documents, videos, creative fiction writings, public letters, dissertations, scientific research, etc.
Awards, trophies, citations, prizes, karma, grants, benefits, bonuses, promotions, official titles, etc. (If everyone was equal, these items could not be meaningful because if everyone is special, no one is.)
Property records, investment portfolios, including vehicles and real estate. Purchase histories, credit scores, philanthropies (donations), etc.
Criminal records, court cases, medical records, etc..
Legacy Social Virtue records (family heritage)
Will be wonderful state of relief when controllers/owners pushing idiotlogy become burntoff-errings (scarificed, for real this time).
Esteemed, Virtuous Contemporary Persons (and some contemptible ones)
Jack Ma Chinese businessman (quotes)
(Black) Millionaire Pilot Raf Collado Owns More Airplanes Than Cars 13.7 min
4:35 "I'm not saying disadvantaged by anyone who forced that disadvantage, because today we live in a society of people who are driven by grievance and victimhood. I'm not defining it (disadvantage) in those ways, I'm defining it in a way, you exist in a state that's different from someone else's existence.
Thomas Sowell, author and source of memorable quotes
Larry Elder Dave Rubin interview 8 min more Larry on Trump's achievement Mar.12.2020 15 min
Candace Owens
Muhammad Ali (aka Cassius Clay)
Justice Clarence Thomas and wife Ginni https://hips.hearstapps.com/hmg-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/images/thomas-1582643096.jpg?resize=768:*
Oprah Winfrey
Awesome Hispanics
Our world According to César Hidalgo (de Chile)
Franklin Chang Diaz (multi-racial engineer de Costa Rica)
Remarkable Indigenous Americans (we must go back in time, most of them are gone)
Russel Means
Sacajawea
Squanto
Chief Joseph
Blessed be these Jews, the few, the unMitzvah'd, instead following "Glory to Truth in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward Amen."
Murray Rothbard
Gilad Atzmon
Jonathan Haidt
David Chaum
Henry Makow
Paul Berman
Bro. Nathanael Kapner
Being non-religious does not mean ethnic Jews don't act per "What's Good for the Jews"
List of Jewish musicians
List of Jewish scientists
What's Good for the Jews is usually bad for the Goyim
list of Jews in pornography
list of Jewish criminals
Parasitism 2009 SN
10 J's with bad raps
Xplaning Purim
Explaining not nations... agree with the case, but not the aim toward which the argument seems to be going, an Unconflicted Globalized World. For me, such a Udopia is another imaginary idea that can be approached, but never achieved. It's methods will always be a "hobnail boot on a human face" RIP humanity.
Parsimony a Virtue (in philosophy)?
Will the Real Armageddon Please Stand Up? Appendix A: Is White Supremacy Scriptural?
the enemy perverts language and is the author of confusion The mark of a White Supremacist isn't false pride, it is virtue; a radical remnant having a humble spirit, but certainly not just anybody or any race that merely believes (Christ came for them).
study notes
Virtue Ethics stfd
Economics of Immigration and Social Diversity 489pg.book html 2006 read in half-page view window
http://www.thesetonian.com/2019/10/24/review-tara-westover-shares-her-story-in-memoir-educated/
do not return damaged "goods" https://duckduckgo.com/?q=do+not+return+damaged+%22goods%22&atb=v81-4__&ia=shopping
http://nleresources.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/The-Chosen-People.pdf
https://duckduckgo.com/?q=the+Chosen+summary+pdf+by+richard+lynn&atb=v81-4__&ia=web
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Chosen_Few_(book)
Our World According to George Friedman
G_d Laffs and these
http://www.yesterdaysclassics.com/previews/guerber_chosen_preview.pdf
The Chosen People J Entine review R Lynn 3pg.pdf
Jewish Tribe's Most Recognizable Traits
https://www.allsides.com/media-bias/media-bias-ratings
copied from Parsing Success (put into Cull too) Keynote Address: The Cost of America’s Cultural Revolution by Heather Mac Donald johnlocke.org 1 hr (speech is half hr)
2:03 "diversity cult is destroying the foundations of our civilization... social justice education is an oxymoron" Heather Mac Donald her book 'Diversity Delusion'
"de-norming" aka dumbing-down
20:50 ultimate social justice solution to the skills-and-behavior gap (whites, Asians vs blacks, Hispanics) is to remove the competition entirely.
https://duckduckgo.com/?q=Heather+Mac+Donald+any+relation+to+Kevin+MacDonald%3F&atb=v81-4__&ia=web
38:50 germination (SJW) was LBJ's Great Society movement "the idea that gov't programs can substitute for (parents)" bourgeois norms were widely shared at that point, but new spending power due to economic prosperity of 1950s made youth-spending power a target of corporate attention, and thenceforth the cult of youth that continued for decades
44:45 Trump should wage war against China by dumping 'gender theorists from American universities' on them
How Communist Ideology Infiltrated America’s Security Agencies & Fueled Spygate 54 min —Diana West author of The Red Thread
but discipline varies from house to house. Previous link is both an elaborate exploration of the definition, and its Communist source (VI Lenin) demonstrates the Leftist domination of media... culture war.
Cosmoetica, Bylines
Human rights regimes in the Americas, page-thru anthology 2010 UN
Rethinking the American Race Problem RL Brooks 1990 (full transcript) 173 pg text, 256 pg total, all on one pg htm, scroll down
Requiem for Modern Politics : The Tragedy of the Enlightenment and the Challenge of the New Millennium 1997 (full text)
PRIVATE vs PUBLIC (anthology) (long read)
from Globalist perspective What is a Monocultural Society?
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_antisemitism
(abstract + lead-in to index of scholarship)
"Conjure in African-American society"
https://duckduckgo.com/?q=social+virtue+ratings+benefits+to+users&atb=v81-4__&ia=web
submitted by acloudrift to AlternativeHypothesis [link] [comments]


2020.04.22 17:11 akeedmesh7admohem On the Alleged Genetic Differences/Origins of Coptic Christians vs. Egyptian Muslims by a Copt

On the Alleged Genetic Differences/Origins of Coptic Christians vs. Egyptian Muslims by a Copt
Tl;dr There is no viable evidence of a difference in genetic origins of Coptic Christians and Egyptian Muslims whatsoever. In fact, evidence of the opposite (that we share a common Egyptian ancestry, that has only diverged in the last few centuries due to Coptic genetic drift and convergence from the larger population because of endogamy) is overwhelming and discussed at large. Until a large scale population study is done sampled from all populations of Egypt in every part of the delta, Sinai, and Upper Egypt, no such ridiculous conclusions can legitimately be made. The reality is the evidence thus far assures us that we are all Copts, whether Christian or Muslim. Ta7yety lil gamee3a.
https://preview.redd.it/hn0zvnwvzdu41.jpg?width=1015&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=0934e87c312fe4f95da276465206296faf90017a
While I don’t think this is a discussion that is prominent among the majority of Egyptians within Egypt, I’ve noticed especially among the diaspora community this influx of people attempting to argue for a difference in genetic origin of Coptic Christians and Egyptian Muslims. The most visible internet proponent I’ve seen thus far is my friend Zack Shenouda (You can read his arguments on Quora and Twitter, 1). People are widely sharing the articles and evidences he is citing, and so I will mostly focus on dispelling these arguments. This argument that Copts are the pure, living descendants of the original ancient Egyptians while the Muslims are Arabs originating from the peninsula partially has its roots in our own folklore. Coptic Orthodoxy (Ϯⲉⲕ̀ⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ̀ⲛⲣⲉⲙ̀ⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ ⲛⲟⲣⲑⲟⲇⲟⲝⲟⲥ) especially prides itself in being the national Church of the Egyptian people, by Egyptians, and so this historical nationalism is a prominent part of our religious identity. Muslims, however, due to their reverence for the Arabic language and the Prophet have often agreed as it is considered an honor to be a descendant of the Prophet or Sahaba. Such discourse in itself (even if true) is not necessarily a problem; the issue is this concept is being put forth intending to imply some sort of ethnic superiority as well as the idea that Muslims are foreign invaders (see source 1 where Mr. Shenouda implies Copts have a superior IQ/intellectual capacity). Not only is this frankly bigoted and dangerous rhetoric, it is also patently false.
I am going to go field by field dismantling this theory. I bolded the sections with their topic so people can skip to the ones they want to (although I would strongly recommend reading from start to finish). I’ll start with the historical record and logical explanations, before I get to the genetic studies most people are probably interested.
On “Arabness.” To begin with, the notion of Egyptians having Arab ethnicity (in the ancestry sense) belies a blatant lack of knowledge of the Arab cultural and historical tradition. Arab tradition (العروبة) has always defined being Arab not by ethnicity (with the exception of minor local folktales) but by the ability to speak Arabic. Even the Arabs themselves, consider themselves Arabized Arabs. Anybody who speaks Arabic (especially as their primary language) is by default Arab by this definition, whether they like it or not, just as by virtue of being born in Canada or the US, you become Canadian or American respectively. It has nothing to do with ethnic composition, which is why we refer to Mauritania and Somalia as Arab countries despite being vastly different populations to Qatar for example. You’ll note that even among Coptic Christians, within a couple of centuries of the Arab conquest, the vast majority of literature was being composed in Arabic, and Copts were using Arabic names (2). It is this decline in the usage of Coptic that solidified the importance of the Coptic language fil Kineesa's identity, and not a linguistic preference (2). The irony attacking Arabic is that it is integral to Coptic history. Studies of Coptic phonology (how it was pronounced) are based almost exclusively on Arabic transcriptions of the Coptic that Christian theologians produced when the general population of Egypt began to speak predominantly Arabic. We and our ancestors became Arabs by default at this transition, again regardless of whether you despise the language or its association with Islam as some people do. You can hate Arabs, you can have zero ancestry from elgezira el3rabeya, all of that is irrelevant, by virtue of speaking Arabic you are Arab by label/classification. This isn’t a major point, but I needed to make clear where the “Arab” Republic of Egypt began.
Historical Record (Population): It is a well-established historical fact that as political control and empires changed, the local, indigenous populace almost always remained undisplaced (i.e. Greeks taking over Egypt did not result in displacing the Egyptians but rather that they took over the political administration while the populace remained overwhelmingly Egyptian). Why? Because the local populations vastly outnumbered the new government officials. Even in the most anti-Islamic Coptic sources from around the period (like John of Nikiu for one example), it is documented that the Arabs conquered Egypt with at most a couple of thousand soldiers that remained garrisoned in the region. The population of Egypt at the time is estimated conservatively to be at least 3 million (Roman censuses from several hundred years prior estimated from 4.5-6 million). This means that even if we vastly overestimate the number of Arabs that moved in at 50,000, this would be less than 1.7% of the population. If we use a more accurate number, the population of Arabs becomes even more miniscule. To suggest that this (generously) <2% of the population became (or even contributed significantly to) 90-95% of the modern-day population of masriyeen is beyond farcical, even less so academic. Even the famed Hilalian migrations wouldn't have brought in more than 50k at most, again amongst a population in the millions. If we are to assume everyone settled in Egypt (historically false, they settled predominantly fil Maghreb), by the highest estimates of 300k, that's still <10%. The only ways for a foreign population to replace or come to form a significant portion of the population would be for either a forced migration/deportation of the locals (such as the Trail of Tears) or a massive genocide of millions of people (like was seen in the Americas as well). Neither of these two events have been documented in Egyptian history, nor have any of the Arab migrations been more than a few thousand people.
Marriages. How then did Egypt become a Muslim majority country? Simply the best explanation is through marriages, conversions, and birth rates. I will begin with marriages. The objection often raised here is that el-Kineesa forbids interfaith marriages and no Christian would marry a Muslim. This is a romantic idea that we try to hold on to that no one of [insert faith] would do [x forbidden action] because it is forbidden. Unfortunately, it doesn’t stand up to the historical record whatsoever. Even though rare in modern times (as over the last few hundred years, Copts overwhelmingly marry endogamously as we know), it has been documented across sources that interfaith marriages used to be relatively common in Egypt. Furthermore, for the religious among us, you’d know that in the Synaxarium itself such marriages are attested to (See ⲅⲉⲱⲣⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲡⲓⲍⲟϩⲉⲙ for example). Arguably, the worst ruler in the Arab era for Christians, Jews, and Sunni Muslims, el-Hakim biamr illah is himself the son of a caliph and a Christian woman (albeit Melkite Orthodox), whose brothers were appointed as patriarchs. These are anecdotal examples to point out that interfaith marriages did in fact happen (both in regular society and even high up in the Churches subjected to Muslim rule). With the state and Islam mandating the children be raised as Muslims, in the vast majority of cases, such unions would produce Muslim children. Even if we were to assume that a Copt would never marry a Muslim due to religion, this is another area where proponents of this theory belie a fundamental lack of understanding of the Arab conquests. They want to view these armies as a monolith of Muslim soldiers. However, in reality the emerging Caliphate from the Arabian peninsula is known to have been a confederation of tribes. The majority of these tribes were former pagans converted to Islam; however, a number of Christian and Jewish tribes joined in the conquests to get in on the spoils (even after the conquest of Egypt, it is Coptic Miaphysite Christians that manned the navy as the Arab caliphates lacked any naval capacity). There are numerous Arab Christian tribes that spread forth as a result (for example the Ghassanids), and with their Muslim compatriots settled in these newly conquered lands. Moreover, the majority of Christian tribes across the Arabian peninsula were known to be Miaphysite Christians in communion with the Church (the Ghassanids in the northwest were also predominantly Miaphysite for most of their history until the Byzantines enforced their own orthodoxy upon its leaders). A Coptic Orthodox Christian was just as likely to marry an "elite" (in the new hierarchy) Arab Miaphysite as was an indigenous Muslim to marry an Arab Muslim, meaning the likelihood of admixture and mixed lineage was similar. Furthermore, the conquests began an unprecedented period of unity across the Middle East, facilitating the opportunity for Christians to marry from among populations in Lebanon, Syria (Syrian Orthodox), Armenia, etc. In the modern era, Copts have been more likely to marry among European populations as well. There is not a single Copt among the middle and upper classes of Egypt that does not know Copts who have married Syrians, Lebanese, French, etc. individual. This notion that Copts have some sort of preserved genetic purity that other Egyptians do not have is untenable and frankly pretty stupid when you remember Egypt has always been a cosmopolitan area with Greeks, Hittites, Romans, Persians, Assyrians, Berbers, Nubians, etc. even in the pre-Christian era. There is no such thing as pure Egyptian descent.
Conversions and Birth Rates. I spent a great deal explaining the failure of the endogamous theory; however, it is more likely conversions resulted in the bulk of change in religious demographics. This is a point of very tense personal pride. Copts want to romantically believe that a Copt would never convert to Islam, just as Muslims would like to believe no Muslim would convert to another religion. But again, this doesn’t stand up to the messier reality. Religions backed by the state have enormous clout to result in gradual conversion of the populace. In Egypt, this occurred over the period of centuries. People had lots of incentive to convert to the religion of the new conqueror; it conferred job opportunities, social mobility, zakat payouts, as well as freedom from the gizya tax. Simply, an Egyptian could get him and his family the opportunity for an elite job within the bureaucracy while simultaneously relieving his taxes by converting. The decline in gizya revenue from 12 million dinars at the time of conquest to under 3 million by 1100 AD attests to large scale conversions (Kitab el Buldan). Furthermore, we know that conversions happened in such significant populations because the Arab governors took the extreme measure of decreeing that converted Muslims would still be subject to the gizya due to the loss in revenue. Conversions en masse are additionally attested to in John of Nikiu's Chronicle, the History of the Patriarchs, as well as Muslim sources like el-Maqreezy. We also tend to apply conditions of the modern day, which are inaccurate. Egypt today claims a literacy of 80%. At the time of the Arab conquest, the vast majority of the population would have been illiterate peasantry who frankly didn't have access to the religious education we do now. The avg. Egyptian would not have access to the Christian texts nor much participation within the tradition other than taking communion because quite simply they could not read it and could not afford to participate in the way that we do now (unsurprisingly, the majority of converts were among the poorer, more populous classes). Keep in mind many of the Church Fathers were ethnic Greeks who wrote predominantly in Greek. It is not clear that the avg. Egyptian could even understand literary Sahidic (or any dialect of literary Coptic) which was the lit. language of the elites/bureaucracy (2), let alone the abundance of Greek lit. This was a population ripe for conversion, one that stood to take enormous gain while also had a relatively poor religious literacy with respect to their old religion. Furthermore, as the population gradually began to speak Arabic, this created a further barrier to Christian retention. Again, Egypt claims a literacy of 80% and think of how many Egyptians are ignorant of basic knowledge within their respective religions today. Accordingly, it is predominantly the poorer classes who converted in droves as expected, which is a major reason the Coptic community today on average is wealthier than their Muslim counterparts. Mr. Shenouda acknowledges this that throughout the last several centuries, Copts have held disproportionate amounts of wealth (>25% in the early 20th century), and uses it to claim birthrates would be higher because they can support more children. However, birthrates + education are inversely associated with wealth. In ancient times, 1. a wealthier family birthed less children expecting they would survive vs. a poorer family birthed more expecting higher mortality 2. In agricultural societies, children were seen as an economic investment rather than expenditure like today, because more children meant more hands that could work on the farm. Yes, the caliph supported many more children, but the poorer classes also were birthing more children than the middle classes where Copts are more represented because fellahin need more hands to work the farms. The higher birthrate among Muslims in Egypt is well documented.
While there are no hard statistics on conversion rates, in Egypt today conversions can be estimated up to 20% of the number of Copt girls born each year (3,4). People familiar bil kineesa will know clergy have regularly cited larger numbers. Considering all this together (marriages, conversions, birth rates, laws of the state), it is pretty apparent how we reached the current demographics, and why the proportion is shrinking. In addition, there was a famine in the 13th century that resulted in a mass exodus of those who could afford to leave Egypt for the Levant, leaving predominantly Muslim poorer classes. Note: Conversions are considered the primary cause of Islamization by the vast majority of scholars.
Racial Anthropology. This is my favorite part (in a dark humor way) because people are unironically citing racial anthropology as proof. Racial anthropology has its roots in attempts by Europeans to prove racial and biological superiority as compared to African populations. It has been largely discredited as racist pseudoscience, and to quote such literature is pretty damning, especially coming from “anthropologists” that largely viewed the populations of the MENA region as savages with minorities partially “civilized” by Christianity. Such people envisioned societal ladders with Christians superior to their Muslim counterparts and all MENA populations inferior to European populations. This is not to say different ethnicities do not have different phenotypes, but to try to distinguish between very closely related populations on the basis of nose size as determined by pseudoscientists is laughable. Mr. Shenouda cites “humanphenotypes.net” and shows a picture that looks like any Delta Egyptian (ironically enough the pictures look like two of my Muslim friends) and claims this phenotype is “purer” among Copts with no evidence to make this claim. Spend a few minutes in Egypt and that claim becomes comical on its own. As an anecdote, I know Copts who are pale white with blue eyes, Copts who are dark brown with flat noses.
Moreover, (so that people don’t say I just called this racist and didn’t address the point), said anthropologists themselves looked for differences and couldn’t find any. As noted in Sources (5, 6, 7, 8), the anthropologists couldn’t even note any difference between Copts and Fellahin (the vast majority of the Egyptian Muslim population), and ended up concluding they were “two limbs of a single ethnological body, split up for religions and social reasons” and that said populations represent the “anthropological image” of the ancient Egyptians (5). Source 8 I recognize is a forum, but it gathers a number of quotes attesting to the conclusions anthropologists drew about Copts like all Egyptians comprising mixtures of populations and fellahin showing identical features to the ancient populations. In fact, the only prominent difference noted among anthropological work on Egypt between Copts and Muslims is that wealthier Copts in the British era were more likely to adopt European fashion. However, their customs remained virtually indistinguishable with the exception of religious practices.
https://preview.redd.it/qbzvcnywzdu41.jpg?width=711&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=229ee4ba6e8a139a716d2ec653991ac08eacf735
Genetic Studies. I assume this is what interests people most as people like Mr. Shenouda are propagating genetic studies as hard evidence for different origins/massive Arab admixture solely in the Muslim population. This here is where I advocate, as a researcher myself, for scientific literacy. It is absolutely fundamental to be able to critically analyze research studies and take them apart because the important thing is the data; however, without proper skepticism, people can abuse data to draw conclusions that are not actually logical from the data in front of them. Here I want anyone reading this to look at source 9. You need to understand how an admixture study works before you understand why the commonly cited Dobon et al 2015 (10) article does not actually show a stark difference between Copts and Muslims, but rather the opposite. As noted in source 9, admixture is really good at detecting origins from two vastly diverged known source populations. For instance, it can detect precisely what proportion of genetic origin among African Americans comes from European vs African populations. Why? Because we know African Americans are derived from these two source populations and the source populations diverged tens of thousands of years ago. If you look at figure 2, admixture becomes much less accurate when you are talking about closely related populations and unknown source populations (both of which are the case for the Dobon 2015 study), giving the same plot for 3 vastly different scenarios. The scenario to focus on is the “recent bottleneck” scenario where population 1 (P1) is a subset of P2 that most recently split to become endogamous within a smaller population size (See concepts such as genetic bottleneck or founder effect if you don’t understand this). Because of this bottleneck, the admixture software sees that P1 has a genetic signature that is more homogeneous than P2 and not found in the P3 and P4 populations. So it assumes that P2 (due to it containing P1 genes but not as homogeneously) is a mixture of P1 and P3, and where it cannot satisfy the differences it conjures up a nonexistent, artificial 5th source population component. This yields incorrect and artificial results as we know from the input populations that P1 is actually just a bottlenecked offshoot from P2. Such a demonstration is actually perfect for us to demonstrate where this study fails…because likely that is exactly how the modern Coptic population derived, a subset of the general Egyptian population that because of its relatively small proportion has had to marry within itself, resulting in the convergence of genes that a much larger population would not necessarily have due to the opportunity for more diversity. In simpler terms, if a population has alleles A-H, then everyone except for a few A, B, & C’s convert to another religion so that one subpopulation only has alleles A-C and the other has A-H, this doesn’t mean they have different origins, but rather that one population converged due to the Founder Effect. However, an “admixture” software would interpret the larger population as being a mix of the A-C population and another population with G-H, and may even conjure up an artificial new source population to explain alleles not found in either (alleles D and F), even though this is incorrect.
Taking a look at the Dobon 2015 study, the first thing you will notice is that this study is done on Sudanese populations. These are populations in Sudan based off of their “self-identified” ethnicity. The author claims in the discussion that the Copts in the study represent a recent migration over the last two centuries. He provides no evidence for this claim and we are just supposed to take this at face value based off of village folktales. Ma 3aleyna. The second issue is that the sample used is from 40 Copts from a single village. 13 of these were found to be second or third degree relatives (i.e. the exact same family) and so you are left with 27 Copts. Firstly, this is a tiny sample size that no serious geneticist would use to draw a definitive conclusion about a population in the millions. Secondly, all 27 of these individuals are from the same village likely comprising a couple of extended families at best, all closely related due to extensive intermarriage (and if they are not marrying among themselves, then they are marrying within other Sudanese groups, which would further alter their genetic makeup). It is ludicrous to suggest that this sample of 27 homogeneous and related individuals is representative of millions of Copts dispersed over thousands of kilometers all over Upper and Lower Egypt. Moreover, said proponents would like to assume that Egypt for some reason is genetically homogeneous across the entirety of the country, whereas in reality Alexandrians are going to have different admixtures than Shar2awis, and both will differ from those in Sohag and Aswan. Upper and Lower Egyptians have had vastly different population contacts and interactions and thus it does not even make sense to talk about a singular Egyptian genetic signature let alone to assume one population of 27 related individuals in Sudan will represent an entire religious group across Egypt. Before even looking at the data, it is apparent this study cannot be used for the claims people are using it for. The third issue is that Mr. Shenouda is trying to make a conclusion based off of the differences between the Copts in the village and the EXTERNAL data pulled about Egyptians as a whole (assuming them to be mostly Muslim). Here is the problem. This is an external database of external data pulled from a different study in a different way (nor is it clear this is a representative sample of Muslim Egyptians). In science, when you produce a work of research, data and experiments must be collected from the subjects in the exact same manner using the exact same tests and the exact same materials. The author provides the Qatari and Egyptian populations as an EXTERNAL REFERENCE as a standard to say how this has been done elsewhere. The comparison and point of the study is to compare between the internal Sudanese populations within the study. It is not scientifically valid to make definitive conclusions (even with DNA) between the populations in the study and the external populations because the samples were collected and sequenced with unstandardized methods with different machines. If I were to measure cholesterol levels in two populations A and B to find a difference, I cannot use data collected from pop. A with cholesterol lab kit 1 and compare to data of pop. B collected with lab kit 2. You have to use standardized methods, which is why external references are there for concept illustration. Again, without even reaching the data, this study is useless to our discussion.
Getting into the actual data, the irony is that the study shows the exact opposite argument: that the Egyptian external reference most closely resembles the Copt population. For those of you that do not know how a principal component analysis (PCA) works. The idea is that to try to distinguish different populations, a software will compare every two groups/individuals, and it will try to find every possible component that results in the most variance possible between the groups and rank them (Simply, the idea is to maximize variance in a dataset to separate groups and plot it on a 2D axis). For example (an obviously theoretical one), if I were looking at phenotypes of Europeans and Africans, it would find skin color as one of the biggest differences between the two populations and split them on that basis. The percentage at the bottom tells you what proportion of the variance is that characteristic responsible for, or in other words how much of the information from the analysis is present within that component (i.e. the larger the percent, the more information that specific component tells you, the more definitive conclusions you can draw on the basis of that component). So a principal component with a small percent of the total variance represents relatively minor differences because it insinuates that the populations have very limited consistent differences (and that very little information is contained in that component). I’m intentionally trying to make this as basic as possible, I understand it’s more complex than this. The important thing to note is that PC1 is always responsible for the biggest differences and is more important than PC2 (i.e. if two populations line up on the x-axis which is PC1 they are far more related than two populations lining up on the y-axis PC2 at an equal distance). Looking at Figure 2, the first thing you’ll notice is that PC1 is responsible for only 6% of the variance (or info), meaning in the first place PC1 represents a pretty insignificant amount of information about the populations and actually is insinuating their similarity. Contrast that with the study below (source 11), in which PC1 is responsible for >60% of the variance (or information) and clearly clusters Egyptians away from the Arabian peninsula/Levantine populations and in between said populations and the Maghrebi populations…exactly as expected. We will get into this study later, but it is further proof of continuity of Egyptians from their ancestors. Back to Dobon et al. Even though as I said PC1 is a very weak component, the population that aligns up most closely to the Copts along PC1 (>3x as much info as PC2), while minimizing distance along PC2, is actually the external Egyptian population. This figure is literally showing that the Muslim Egyptians are the most closely related population to these Copts of unknown origin (as I said prior, in a PCA, PC1 is of much greater importance than PC2 and so on). Furthermore, if anyone bothered to look at the supplemental figures where they run a PCA with a European population added, S11 (with PC1 being 7.3%, PC2 2.4% of variance/info) shows Copts and the Egyptians clustering in the exact same spot together, because in the context of a European population the software can find stronger components showing an even stronger similarity, illustrating the common origin of the populations. To use a single PCA to argue for a genetic difference in origin is farcical, as the location populations plot in is entirely dependent on the input populations and the 2 components chosen based off these parameters (i.e. the point is to show differences between populations in those 2 specific components like who has more SSA admixture for instance). It's even more farcical when the PCA analyses are showing Egyptians to be the most closely related group to Copts.
Moving on to the admixture data, keep in mind what I said earlier about where admixture studies fail. It is a software designed to try to decipher source populations, but it cannot do so accurately in cases of unknown source populations and closely related populations. In the case of a bottleneck where one population branches off another to have a homogeneous signature, the software will try to assume the original population is a mixture of its descendant and other population data submitted and will often “force” a nonexistent new component to explain discrepancies. In this figure, k represents the number of source populations. It is an arbitrarily instituted parameter in which the software decides if there were k=2 source populations, for example, how portion of each of these populations' genetics likely derived from either of those 2 source populations. Then it will switch to k= 3 source populations and so forth. This magical “Coptic component” people are talking about that pops up at k=4 and higher is an artificial effect of the software trying to force new population sources due to the k parameter. It is an artifact, it doesn’t actual mean there is a literal Coptic gene component necessarily, and as you saw in the badmixture source I talked about earlier, it can literally (and very likely) be an entirely made up source that does not actually exist. The author himself says k =3 is the “best statistically supported model.” The best supported admixture run of k = 3 ironically shows the Coptic population to be most closely related to the external Egyptian population with an additional, slight Nilo-Saharan component admixture. Furthermore, the data used for this experiment are from 18 individuals out of 27 closely related villagers vs. the external reference data are 18 chosen from a much larger sample size. This is not a valid comparison, and it is interesting one of the 18 actual matches up pretty closely to the external population. Moreover, if you were to use these data as an argument, you would be implying these Copts in Sudan are very closely related to the Beja, Ethiopians, and Arabs of Sudan…which would hamper the argument of similarity to ancient Egyptian populations. I think by now you will have realized using Dobon et al 2015 as evidence for a difference in genetic origin of Copts and Egyptian Muslims is ridiculous. Let’s move on to genetic studies showing the exact opposite.
Genetic Studies Showing Same Ancestry. The irony here is that Mr. Shenouda pulls a bunch of studies that are actually invariably proving Egyptian Muslims and Copts are one population with limited divergence recently due to Coptic endogamy resulting in genetic drift. The first is the Schuenemann et al study from 2017 (12). This study compares DNA taken from ancient Egyptian samples to compare to modern samples (full discussion in Part 7 below). It should be noted that the authors suspect there was some foreign influence of Greeks and other populations in the area. Now, I have already mentioned where admixture studies fail, and thus they should always be taken with a grain of salt as a theoretical exercise. However, here the comparison uses a known source population (the ancient population) and distinct populations with sufficient genetic distance (sub-saharan vs. non-African). The final conclusion is that modern Egyptians (which can be assumed to be 90-95% Muslim) show an additional 8% sub-Saharan genetic admixture compared to the mummies. As the author notes, the slave trade over the last 1000 years may have resulted in the influx of an additional portion of Sub-Saharan ancestry, but they're not actually sure where it came from and if the mummies are representative of the rest of ancient Egypt. However, the real story is the relative genetic continuity with the ancestral population with the sub-Saharan influx being identified as the missing component between the two (Note: the point of this study is actually to validate mummy genomics, and this was done on 3 mummies from a single site. The conclusions to be drawn are minimal). Yet, the authors fail to rule out continuity, show Egyptians to cluster closest with the mummies (Supp Fig 3) among Eurasian/N. & E. African populations, and determine modern Egyptians to have the least genetic distance from the mummies out of these populations (also supp data). Their final conclusion is an additional 8% SSA since ancient times, not that they're not descendant. Mr. Shenouda and others have used this and said that some anecdotal DNA studies by Coptic friends does not show these sub-Saharan components. Firstly, these are anecdotes. British sources have attested to Coptic slave holding as well as the fathering of children with such slaves. Secondly, if you want to claim the Copts are more “pure” Egyptians on the basis that the rest of the population has eight percent more sub-Saharan African DNA (despite the authors not being sure if the mummies are representative of the whole of Egypt. As other locations and other mummies are suspected to have more SSA), I’ll concede this ridiculous point, it still shows strong genetic continuity and that the Egyptian Muslim population are jointly rightful descendants of the ancient Egyptians and the slightest of divergence has only emerged due to slave populations much after the Arab conquest. This study is discussed in much further detail in Part 6 of this post, outlining why this study is limited as well as that it still supports population continuity.
The other interesting part is that people have used the Dobon study to claim Egyptian Muslims have significant Arab ancestry and genetic affinity, being closer to the Qataris. Mr. Shenouda also screenshotted an incorrect figure on the national geographic page to say they are closely related to Gulf populations (firstly, he’s using an incorrect figure, the national geographic data make an enormous distinction between Egyptians and the Gulf populations, showing Egyptians to be predominantly North African in origin with < 17% Southwest Asian origin, discussed below). However, source 12 is claiming an influx of Sub-Saharan populations (African) and the 23andMe plots he’s posting shows Copts to be closer to the ME/Arab populations and Muslims to be slightly closer to Maghrebi populations. Furthermore, in some studies, J haplotypes are the highest in frequency among Copts (13), while these J haplotypes are believed to have originated from populations in the Arab peninsula and the Levantine regions. Instead, it is the E haplotypes that are localized mainly to the Northern African regions and are known to peak strongly among Upper Egyptians (14). Mr. Shenouda is literally arguing Copts are simultaneously both closer to Arab/Near Eastern pop in affinity and farther from Arab/Near-Eastern pops than their Muslim compatriots. I shouldn’t need to explain how that makes no sense. In research, when we have minor, insignificant trends that are contradictory in every dimension you look at it, we dismiss it as noise.
(1/7) (Parts 2-7 available below)
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2020.03.11 18:32 CuteBananaMuffin Was Jesus an Extraterrestrial ?

Was Jesus an Extraterrestrial ?
by Tom Slemen May 1999 from Admantium9000 Website

The gospel of St Matthew opens the New Testament with a frightening visit from a skyborne being who descends from the starry heavens to proclaim a sensational message to terrified shepherds attending their flocks:
Behold, a virgin shall be with child and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God is with us.
This event - if it happened at all - would have occurred between four and eight years before the era which came to bear 'Christ''s name Anno Domini - which is Latin for 'in the year of our Lord.'
Like his death and alleged resurrection, the birth of Jesus of Nazareth is cloaked in mystery. Just as the pillar of light led the Israelites through the wilderness to the Promised Land in the Old Testament, another enigmatic object served to guide those with wisdom to the birthplace of a carpenter's son in the New Testament.
The ufological angle certainly seems to fit the account of this guiding light in the sky which is depicted on millions of Christmas cards all over the world. It is sung about in carols, it shines down from the tops of Christmas trees, and foil imitations of it twinkle over Nativity scenes.
But just what was the Star of Bethlehem? Is it just a myth or did the starry messenger really exist in the skies of Judaea?
For centuries, theologians and scientists have argued over their interpretations of the celestial event, which was recorded only by the apostle Matthew.
In the second chapter of his gospel, Matthew tells us:
"When Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the King, behold, there came wise men from the East to Jerusalem, saying, 'where is he who is born King of the Jews? For we have seen his star in the East and have come to worship him.' "
According to Matthew, Herod summons the mysterious Wise Men and tells them that if they should find the newborn king, they must divulge the child's whereabouts to him.
Later, the Wise Men see the guiding star in the East and it leads him to the stable where the babe Jesus is sleeping.
In the 17th century, the great German astronomer Kepler, sent shockwaves through the Christian world when he suggested that the star the Wise Men had followed might have been nothing more than a conjunction of the planets Saturn and Jupiter. However, it is now known that no such conjunctions were visible in the Holy Land during the period St Matthew mentions, which historical scholars reckon is around 4 or 5 BC.
After Kepler's heretical attempts to explain away the Star of Bethlehem as a natural phenomenon, many other scientists also tried to formulate theories to rationalize the stellar oddity.
Halley's Comet was blamed but astronomers have calculated that the comet had already visited and left the heavens before 'Christ''s birth.
Another theory proposed that the star that hovered over the stable was actually a distant star that had exploded - or gone supernova, to use astronomers' jargon. Such explosions do occur from time to time and can remain visible in the sky for weeks, even during the daytime.
Now, it is recorded in ancient Chinese texts that such a supernova explosion did occur - around 4 BC. Chinese astronomers of the time recorded that a star flared up in the constellation of Aquila the Eagle, just below the bright star Altair. What's more, it has been computed that, to anyone standing at the South Gate of Jerusalem, the brilliant star would appear to be over Bethlehem.
The American scientist A.J. Morehouse, who discovered the Chinese record, therefore believes that the Star of Bethlehem is still in the sky, but it is very faint.
Opponents of Morehouse's theory have pointed out that the exploding star of 4 BC occurred too late to be associated with the birth of 'Christ'. Also, such a bright spectacle in the night sky would hardly have gone unnoticed by Herod and the other inhabitants of Judaea.
Moreover, a supernova cannot hover in the sky as the star of Bethlehem did over the manger.
Just as enigmatic as the Star are the Wise men who followed it. Matthew simply states that they were from the East without specifying what countries they came from, and, contrary to popular belief, St Matthew does not actually say there were three of them. In fact, according to the early versions of the Nativity in Medieval times, there were twelve Wise Men!
Whatever their number, most Biblical scholars agree that the Wise Men were students of astrology, which was very popular among the Jewish community at the time.
This theory was strengthened by the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls in 1947. Among the timeworn Hebrew and Aramaic texts - some of which date back to the birth of 'Christ' there are astrological charts depicting signs of the Zodiac and mystical texts referring to the influence of the stars and the planets on the newly-born. The Scrolls also mention an unnamed individual who lived at the time of the Jesus who was known as the Teacher of Righteousness.
In the end, despite all the conjecture and historical research, we are still no nearer to uncovering the truth about the most mysterious herald in history - the Star of Bethlehem.
If it wasn't a comet, nor a planetary conjunction, then surely there is only one logical hypothesis which can explain a light in the sky which behaves as if it is controlled by an intelligence:
the Star of Bethlehem was a spacecraft; and if we can accept this explanation, we must ask: what was it doing hovering over the stable where Jesus was born?
The Christians have longed claimed that the arrival of 'Christ' at Bethlehem had been predicted centuries before.
In the Book of Micah 5:2 (written in the 8th Century BC), it states that the Messiah - Hebrew for "the anointed one" - would be born in Bethlehem, and in the Book of Isaiah 7:14 (also written in the 8th century BC) scripture specifically asserts that the person who will come as God's representative in the flesh would be born of a virgin. In the Book of Malachi 3:1 it is foretold that someone would go ahead of the Messiah to prepare the way.
Most Christians have interpreted this as being John the Baptist.
In Isaiah 9:1-2 it predicts that the Messiah would live and work around Galilee in a northern province remote from the centers of power, and that he would heal people. The Book of Zechariah foretells that the long-awaited Messiah who would restore his people to a position of power and prosperity which they enjoyed under David and Solomon would ride into Jerusalem humbly, on a donkey, and not on the war-horse of a military conqueror.
In that same book a passage eerily maintains that the Messiah will be betrayed to his enemies for thirty pieces of silver. This prophecy seems to have been fulfilled by one Judas Iscariot.
There are more amazingly accurate predictions in Psalms, the 19th book of the Old Testament. Crucifixion - execution by nailing the condemned to a cross - was unknown to the Hebrews until the Romans came to power, yet in Psalm 22 there is a graphic description of the way the Messiah will be put to death, hundreds of years before Jesus of Nazareth was crucified.
The passages say his hands and feet will be pierced, and that his executioners would mock him and gamble for his clothes. All of the incidents foretold by the Jewish scriptures, if applied to the life of Jesus, are astoundingly more accurate than the prophecies of Nostradamus.
Little is known about the early days of Jesus, especially the circumstances of his conception and birth. Traditionally, March 25 is held as the Day of the Annunciation, when the angel Gabriel announced to Mary that she would give birth to the Messiah.
Curiously, in May 1999, Israeli historians researching ancient copies of the Apocrypha told the newspaper National Midnight Star that one translation of the Virgin Mary's conception after a visitation from God described a chilling tale which sounded very similar to the accounts of people who had undergone gynecological examinations in UFO abduction experiences.
When reporters pressed the codex researchers to comment further on their intriguing claims, but the historians were evidently advised by the religious authorities to withhold further interpretations of the timeworn texts.
Even the hardened scientific skeptic, philosopher and historian H.G. Wells - who was not at all impressed by Christianity - once wrote of Jesus:
'Christ' is the most unique person in history. No one can write a history of the human race without giving first and foremost place to the penniless teacher from Nazareth.
In this age of scientific and medical marvels, it is possible through the techniques of artificial insemination to produce a child in the womb of a woman who is a virgin.
In Japan and America, scientists are making rapid progress with the development of artificial wombs which will allow the development of a fertilized egg into an embryo and finally a nine-month-old baby. These 'baby hatcheries' were described in 1932 within the pages of Aldous Huxley's far-sighted novel Brave New World, although Huxley confidently assured his shocked readers that cloning and mechanical wombs were three centuries away.
In 1962, the year before Huxley died, the English physicist Francis Crick and American biochemist James Watson, shared the Nobel Prize in medicine and physiology for discovering the double-helix structure of DNA - the genetic code of the human body.
Five years later, the British biologist John B. Gurdon cloned a South African clawed frog.
Eleven years after that, British Doctor Patrick Steptoe and his colleagues overcame the problem of sterility in women by producing the first test-tube baby outside the womb in July, 1978. Twenty years after that, scientists had cloned sheep and higher mammals, and it was recently claimed that cloned humans in America and Korea had been allowed to develop to an embryonic stage before being destroyed.
Envisage then, a superior race from another world steering the affairs of mankind.
This higher race implants the embryo of Jesus into a peasant woman's womb so she becomes a surrogate mother. Jesus is born in an obscure village, and as he grows he probably becomes aware of the psychic superhuman talents he possesses. He works in a carpenter's shop in Nazareth until he his thirty, then embarks on a three-year mission which will sow the seeds for the most momentous sociological and philosophical revolution in world history.
Immediately the authorities realize that he is not an average prophet, for he raises three dead people:
a young girl (Matthew 9:1819), a young man (Luke 7: 11-15), and a man named Lazarus (John 11: 1-44).
The Jews believed that only God could control the weather to induce storms and stop them, so they were amazed when Jesus stopped a storm (Matthew 8:23-27).
There are also accounts of Jesus - or Yeshua - as he was known - walking on water, exorcising evil spirits from possessed people, healing the sick and crippled, restoring the sight of blind people, turning water into wine, and feeding the multitudes (on two different occasions).
All of these supernatural acts proved Jesus was no ordinary human being, and he himself said the Kingdom or realm he came from was 'not of this world'. He also maintained that his father was in the heavens, and he spent many lengthy periods in the vast isolation of the Sinai Desert, where he may have received the instructions for his revolutionary program to change civilization.
Perhaps this was the rendezvous point for meeting his extraterrestrial kin. There are many instances of luminous objects descending onto Jesus and shining rays at him. All of these incidents are interpreted as religious omens among the primitive people of the time, but what can we make of them?
For example, in Luke 3: 21-22, it is recorded:
Now, when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus was also being baptized and praying, the heaven was opened. And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him.
What was this thing which resembled a luminous dove? We are none the wiser now. Nor can we explain the significance of the following episode, mentioned in detail in Matthew 17: 6-9:
Jesus too Peter and John and James and went up into a mountain to pray. And as he prayed, the fashion of his countenance was altered, and his rainment was white and glistening. And behold, there talked with him two men, which were Moses and Elias; who appeared in glory, and spake of his decease which he should accomplish at Jerusalem.
But Peter and they that were with him were heavy with sleep: and when they were awake, they saw his glory, and the two men that stood with him. And it came to pass as they departed from him, Peter said unto Jesus, Master, it is good for us to be here; and let us make three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias: not knowing what he said.
While thus he spake, there came a cloud, and overshadowed them: and they feared as they entered into the cloud. And there came a voice out of the cloud, saying, 'This is my beloved Son: hear him.' And when the disciples heard it, they fell on their faces and were sore afraid, And Jesus came and touched them and said Arise and be not afraid.
And when they had lifted up their eyes, they saw no man, save Jesus only. And as they came down from the mountain, Jesus charged them, saying, Tell the vision to no man until the Son of Man be risen again from the dead.
And they kept it close, and told not man in those days of the things which they had seen.
Why did Jesus ask the disciples to keep quiet about the incident? How did Peter, John And James know the figures with Jesus were Moses and Elias, who lived a thousand years before they were born? And what mysterious process was going on during the miraculous transformation of Jesus, which made his face and clothes 'brighter than the sun'? What mysterious forces were at work on the summit of that mountain? Was Jesus being 'recharged' by some energy source hidden in the cloud which hovered overhead?
So many intriguing, but alas, unanswered questions.
Of course, the ultimate proof that Jesus was no ordinary Earthman came with his physical resurrection, which was mentioned in all four gospels and referred to in Corinthians 15: 3-7.
Mark relates that Jesus of Nazareth was scourged and treated brutally by the Roman guards, who crowned him with thorns, mocked him, then crucified him at the ninth hour (3 p.m.) of the day. Jesus had to be buried before the Sabbath began at 6 p.m., so that his corpse should not profane the holy day.
A secret disciple of Jesus named Joseph of Arimathea, bravely asked the Roman Governor Pontius Pilate if he could bury 'Christ'.
Pilate was surprised that Jesus had died so quickly, and after checking with his centurion to see if 'Christ' had indeed passed away, he allowed Joseph to take charge of the preacher's body.
Joseph wrapped the corpse of 'Christ' in a fine linen; this cloth was afterwards rumored to feature a miraculous imprint of the body of 'Christ', and some think the burial cloth is still around as the famous Turin Shroud. The shrouded body of Jesus was hurriedly laid in a sepulchre hewn out of a rock, and the entrance to this tomb was sealed with an enormous stone.
There can be no doubt that at this point, Jesus was not faking death, although some researchers have claimed that he had not died on the cross, but had only swooned.
But the facts say that was not possible, for a Roman scourging was so terrible and traumatic, many victims died before being crucified. Then there is the graphic account of John, who says a soldier named Longinius thrust a spear into Jesus's side while he was on the cross and that 'blood and water' came out.
This is a medically accurate description of what happens when the pericardium is pierced, and such a wound is always fatal.
Shortly before dawn on the Sunday morning following the Jewish Sabbath (which is a Saturday), Mary Magdalene went to visit the tomb where Jesus was laid to rest, and noticed that the heavy stone had been rolled back.
In John 20: 1-9 it states:
The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre. Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them, They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him.
Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the sepulchre. So they ran both together: and the other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the sepulchre.
And he, stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying, yet went he not in. Then cometh Simon Peter, following him, and went into the sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie, And the napkin that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself. Then went in also that other disciple, which first came unto the sepulchre, and he saw, and believe.
For as yet they knew not the scripture that he must rise again from the dead.
The events of that first Easter morning soon came together like a mystical jigsaw puzzle.
The Jewish Council, the Sanhedrin, trembled when they heard the news of the empty tomb. They heard strange accounts of how, in the early hours of that Sunday morning a being in 'snow-white clothes' with a light on its head as bright as lightning had descended from the low oppressive clouds and terrified the Roman soldiers guarding the tomb of 'Christ' into stupefaction.
This strange figure - assumed by the Jewish priests to be a heavenly being - an angel of some order - proceeded to push away the stone blocking the tomb's entrance with superhuman might. It was later revealed that two unearthly-looking men dressed in white clothes had been seen at the entrance of the tomb by Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome.
The three women said one of the eerie figures said:
'Be not affrighted; ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified. He is not here... he is risen. But go your way, tell his disciples and Peter that he goeth before you into Galilee; there shall ye see him, as he said unto you.'
The enigmatic men in white later vanished into the skies as mysteriously as they had appeared. Did they return to some mothership in Earth orbit? The ship that had been interpreted as the Star of Bethlehem?


The doubter, Thomas inspects the wounds of the resurrected Jesus
The resurrected Jesus later reappeared to his faithful disciples, but seems to have undergone a 'transfiguration'.
Although he was apparently solid and tangible enough to eat food and to allow the disciples to touch his wounds, doors did not have to be opened before he could enter a room full of people. He bilocated on several occasions (allowed himself to be seen in several places at once simultaneously), and seemed slightly different.
Some people who had been familiar with him prior to the crucifixion did not recognize him immediately; in fact even Mary Magdalene mistook him for a gardener. Luke mention this intriguing facial metamorphoses when he relates the two disciples' walk to Emmaus, seven miles outside Jerusalem. 'Christ' joins them but says 'there eyes were holden that they should not know him'.
The disciples told the bemused Jesus about the crucifixion and of the empty tomb he had been laid in. Jesus then revealed his identity be expounding the scriptures concerning himself.
The overawed disciples shared their evening meal with him, and he blessed them and broke the bread. He subsequently performed a vanishing act, and the disciples hurried back to Jerusalem to tell of their emotional and heart-lifting encounter with the risen 'Christ'. The eleven Apostles, meanwhile were giving their accounts of meetings with the returned Jesus, when their Lord suddenly appeared in their midst.
After the ghostlike 'Christ' had instilled faith into his followers, he is said to have 'ascended' into heaven.
The Christian Bible doesn't go into any detail about what this ascension was like, but we possess thought-provoking accounts of the event in the Apocryphon Jacobi, and the Epistle of the Apostles. These books, which were suppressed by the Church for centuries, give us a full description of the Ascension. They tell us that at the ridge, east of Jerusalem, known as the Mount of Olives, where Jesus often prayed and meditated in the evenings, there was a great stir.
The resurrected Jesus of Nazareth was talking to his followers, when his words were interrupted by a clap of thunder and lightning. The roll of rumbling thunder shook the entire mountain, and a chariot descended through the clouds. The Jews of old called this chariot a Merkaba - a celestial vehicle of the angels which is mentioned in the ancient Kabbals.
The texts describe how Jesus entered the Merkaba and was welcomed by the angels within who were dressed in 'white apparel'.
One of these heavenly beings said to the apostles:
Men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? This same Jesus, which is taken from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go to heaven.
And the Apostles watched in wonderment as Jesus rose higher and higher into the heavens until he and his angels in the Merkaba were lost to sight.
Today, the Christians assert that Jesus was God incarnate, while the Jews maintain that he was merely a prophet. Whoever Jesus was, there can be no doubt that he was a most extraordinary, and possibly extraterrestrial being. How else can we explain the miracles he performed, the transfiguration, and eventually regeneration after being executed on the cross?
Then there is the futuristic philosophy Jesus propounded which predates the doctrines of Communism formulated by Marx and Engels by centuries. Jesus said that it would be easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of heaven, and he also said that in his kingdom, the underdog and the wretched would be put first (which enraged the self-righteous Pharisees).
He told his astonished followers that pacifism was the only way to live; if their enemy should strike them them, they must turn the other cheek, ready to be hit again. This seemed to be the exact opposite of the Old Testament's suggestion of 'an eye for an eye' and more in keeping with Ghandi's philosophy of non-violence which lay nine centuries in the future.
Jesus also preached that those who wished to follow him would have to love their enemies and pray for them, and abandon all worldly wealth. The strange philosophy of 'Christ' seems so alien to the selfish nature of the human race; was this because 'Christ' was an alien? Because the whole subject of Jesus and his teachings is still surrounded with so many blind dogmas and taboos, it is difficult to see beyond the religion and analyze just who or what the carpenter from Nazareth really was.
The extraterrestrial interpretation does not denigrate 'Christ' in any way, but shows him in another, wider role in the cosmos.
The next time you gaze up into the night sky at the stars, consider that somewhere out there, for all we know, an interstellar 'Christ' may be preaching the word of Yahveh to the multitudes of some alien world.

A Renaissance painting of the Magi visiting the manger; the UFO-like object in the background has never been explained.
submitted by CuteBananaMuffin to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2020.02.16 20:11 Ainsoph777 Roman Catholic Wall Street Titan, Thomas Fortune Ryan, was financing Roman Catholic King Leopold II's Genocide in the Belgian Congo

The Genocide in Congo overseen by Roman Catholic King Leopold II, and the Belgian military authorities killed at least 10 million Congolese men woman and children! All in a pursuit of a Crusade to harvest as much rubber as possible from the Belgian Colony. Much alike how the Pope remained silent during the atrocities of Hitler, Pavelic, Mussolini, and Franco etc., the "Holy Father" had more important things to be occupied with--he couldnt find anytime to condemn his loyal son of the Church King Leopold II for his barbaric savagery.
"There is no denying his grim legacy.Yet, Leopold enjoyed a great deal of international support and managed to keep his personal so-called État Indépendant du Congo(EIC) for decades.Governments across Europe and the United States of America took a very long time to raise opposition to the atrocities perpetrated by the Leopoldian regime. The Holy See and the leading Catholic authorities in Belgium showed even greater lethargy in that regard. They never truly opposed the regime...... Besides, Leopold had given clear signs that he never entertained the possibility of consolidating his colonial rule in the Congo without the assistance of Catholic missionaries."--- The Catholic Church and the Early Stages of King Leopold II’s Colonial Projects in the Congo (1876–1886), Jairzinho Lopes Pereira, Social Sciences and Missions 32(1-2):82-104, May 2019 https://archive.org/details/churchandleopoldsearlyyearsinthecongossm322019

King Leopold II himself wrote to Belgian Colonial missionaries in 1883 that : " Convert always the blacks by using the whip. Keep their women in nine months of submission to work freely for us. Force them to pay you in sign of recognition-goats, chicken or eggs-every time you visit their villages. And make sure that niggers never become rich. Sing every day that it's impossible for the rich to enter heaven. Make them pay tax each week at Sunday mass. Use the money supposed for the poor, to build flourishing business centres. Institute a confessional system, which allows you to be good detectives denouncing any black that has a different consciousness contrary to that of the decision-maker. Teach the niggers to forget their heroes and to adore only ours." http://www.fafich.ufmg.bluarnaut/Letter%20Leopold%20II%20to%20Colonial%20Missionaries.pdf

Quoting from the Encyclopedia Britannica, we get a sense of the level of depravity :
" Leopold II, French in full Léopold-Louis-Philippe-Marie-Victor, Dutch in full Leopold Lodewijk Filips Maria Victor, (born April 9, 1835, Brussels, Belgium—died December 17, 1909, Laeken), king of the Belgians from 1865 to 1909. Keen on establishing Belgium as an imperial power, he led the first European efforts to develop the Congo River basin, making possible the formation in 1885 of the Congo Free State, annexed in 1908 as the Belgian Congo and now the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Although he played a significant role in the development of the modern Belgian state, he was also responsible for widespread atrocities committed under his rule against his colonial subjects....... By the early 1890s a new source of riches had appeared. A worldwide rubber boom was under way, kicked off by the invention of the inflatable bicycle tire and spurred on by the rise of the automobile and the use of rubber in industrial belts and gaskets, as well as in coating for telephone and telegraph wires. Throughout the tropics, people rushed to sow rubber trees, but those plants could take many years to reach maturity, and in the meantime there was money to be made wherever rubber grew wild. One lucrative source of wild rubber was the Landolphia vines in the great Central African rainforest, and no one owned more of that area than Leopold. Detachments of his 19,000-man private army, the Force Publique, would march into a village and hold the women hostage, forcing the men to scatter into the rainforest and gather a monthly quota of wild rubber. As the price of rubber soared, the quotas increased, and as vines near a village were drained dry, men desperate to free their wives and daughters would have to walk days or weeks to find new vines to tap. Other parts of the Congo economy, from road building to chopping wood for steamboat boilers, operated by forced labour as well. The effects were devastating. Many of the women hostages starved, and many of the male rubber gatherers were worked to death. Tens, possibly hundreds, of thousands of Congolese fled their villages to avoid being impressed as forced labourers, and they sought refuge deep in the forest, where there was little food and shelter. Tens of thousands of others were shot down in failed rebellions against the regime. One particularly notorious practice grew out of the suppression of those rebellions. To prove that he had not wasted bullets—or, worse yet, saved them for use in a mutiny—for each bullet expended, a Congolese soldier of the Force Publique had to present to his white officer the severed hand of a rebel killed. Baskets of severed hands thus resulted from expeditions against rebels. If a soldier fired at someone and missed, or used a bullet to shoot game, he then sometimes cut off the hand of a living victim to be able to show it to his officer. With women as hostages and men forced to tap rubber, few able-bodied adults were left to hunt, fish, and cultivate crops. Millions of Congolese then found themselves suffering near-famine, which made them vulnerable to diseases they otherwise might have survived. Furthermore, as in any society where men and women are separated, traumatized, or in flight as refugees, the birth rate dropped precipitously. No one will ever know the precise figures, but, from all these causes, demographers estimate that between 1880 and 1920 the population of the Congo may have been slashed by up to 50 percent, from perhaps 20 million people at the beginning of that period to an estimated 10 million at the end."

For a background of Papist fiancier Thomas Fortune Ryan, I quote from the book The Roman Catholic hierarchy : the deadliest menace to American liberties and Christian civilization , Thomas E. Watson (1915) pg. 31/32 https://archive.org/details/romancatholichi00watsgoog1removed1

:" You doubtless remember who Thomas F. Ryan is : you can doubtless recall some of his unsavory record. His career as the looter of the traction lines of New York City, the looter of the Seaboard Air Line Railway, the corrupter of courts and legislature, the purchaser of political nominations, and the debaucher of Virginia politics, smells to Heaven. Incidentally, the Virginia delegation was carried to the National Convention in 1904 by Ryan himself, in his private car. They voted for Judge Parker, of course, whose nomination Ryan and Belmont bought. These facts are recapitulated in order that you may have some idea of what it means to this country when the vast accumulations of money and the enormous annual revenues of the Catholic Church are placed in the custody of a man who has demonstrated his ability to control the municipality of New York, the State Legislature of New York, the politics of Virginia, and the National Convention of the Democratic Party. Tammany Hall is a Catholic organization, organized for political plunder, and dividing the loot with the priests. Ryan is the master of Tammany also, and this was what gave him immunity from punishment while he was robbing the people through his traction deals. If he becomes the Pope's financial agent, with the almost unlimited financial resources of Rome at his disposal, the campaign for the political control of America' by the Italian Hierarchy will begin, in earnest. For years and years, the American priesthood has been preparing the minds of the people to take orders from Rome on matters political. For years and years, they have been concentrating their energies on America. For years and years, they have been steadily advancing on New York and Washington City, two strategic points of the greatest importance. From the city of New York, the business world is controlled. From that great metropolis issue the magazines and the newspapers of the largest circulation. From that city the transportation companies are controlled. He who rules in New York is the king of this nation. The financial interests of that city dominate those of all others. Wall Street expands and contracts the currency, precipitates panics and checks them, dictates Governmental policies overawes administrations, beats Congress into submission to its will, uses the National treasury as a branch bank of its own, compels the Government to withdraw from circulation $150,000,000 of its own gold, gets another mortgage on the Republic whenever it needs one in its business; and, upon occasion, can practically suspend the circulation of the nation's own money, send prices and fortunes crashing downward, while the President of the United States, the officers of the law, the army and the navy, and a nation of nearly a hundred million people look helplessly on. With the colossal riches of the Roman Catholic Church at his command, Thomas F. Ryan could absolutely dominate New York and Wall Street; and, through the instrumentalities already indicated, control American commerce, American politics, American legislation, American politics at home and abroad, and — worst of all — poison the American mind, and thus do for our country what the Italian hierarchy has done for Catholic Ireland, Catholic Portugal, Catholic Spain, and Catholic Central and South America."

We also get the following insights into Thomas Fortune Ryan's financial prowess in the book Real Lace: America’s Irish Rich, Stephen Birmingham(1973), pg. 127/128 : https://archive.org/details/RealLace1/mode/2up
" It wasn’t long, working with men like Whitney and Peter A. B. Widener, before T. F. Ryan’s affairs were a complicated—but hugely successful network of railroads and street railroads, lighting systems and coal companies, life insurance companies and diamond mines. With Whitney, he consolidated and soon controlled the New York City transit system, and presently Ryan was ready to invade the tobacco empire of James Duke. Duke was no easy man to tangle with, but, using men like Baruch as his chief lieutenants, Ryan embarked upon what became known on Wall Street as “The Great Tobacco War.” Ryan put together a syndicate which purchased the National Cigarette Company. National Cigarette was then artfully merged with the Union Tobacco Company, which, though independently chartered and organized, was actually controlled by Ryan, Whitney, Widener, and Anthony N. Brady. By 1898 Liggett & Myers remained the only tobacco company in the country not controlled by either Mr. Duke or Mr. Ryan. Ryan had ordered Baruch to “get Duke,” and at one point became so alarmed at the possibility that he would actually succeed that he rushed into Baruch’s office, saying, “I want to annoy them, not ruin them.” (“But I knew he was pleased,” Baruch commented.) The result of the “Tobacco War,” with stocks in the various companies being driven up and down by the two opponents and their hired manipulators, was that both Duke and Ryan ended up making huge profits, and both men were pleased. “As hard as I fought the dissolution of the Tobacco Trust,” Duke commented cheerfully afterward, “I’d fight even harder any effort to put it back together again. We made more money after we were broken up and had competition.” In fact, it was rumored at the time that there had been no real war at all, and that Duke and Ryan had acted in secret collusion to achieve just such a result---more money. If true, it was a successful strategy for both operators. Ryan’s operations went on to extend into coke, coal, oil, lead, and typewriters. His activities spread from New York City to Ohio, Virginia, West Virginia, and Illinois, and into the Belgian Congo, where he was asked to reorganize the diamond mines by none other than King Leopold of Belgium himself. By 1905 Thomas Fortune Ryan, at the age of fifty-four, was worth fifty million dollars. A few years later, he was worth a hundred million. In 1924 he paid $791,851 in income tax—the tenth largest in the country. He built a huge mansion on Fifth Avenue, in which an area equal to one-third of a city block was devoted entirely to statuary—mostly busts of himself, three of them by Rodin—and in which almost as much acreage was given over to his private chapel. He was a heavy contributor to the Democratic Party and to the Catholic Church (giving the Church, all told, some $20,000,000, including New York’s Church of St. Jean Baptiste). Like Estelle Doheny, Ida Ryan was made a Countess of the Holy Roman Empire by Pope Pius X. Not all of his operations, of course, may have been entirely within the law. After William Whitney’s death in 1904, and an investigation into the pair’s consolidation and complete takeover of New York’s rapid transit system, and the accompanying collapse of the Metropolitan Street Railway Company, a grand jury found that with such tactics as stock-watering and franchise-buying Mr. Ryan had done “many things deserving of severe condemnation ... dishonest and probably criminal.” Still, as so often happens after investigations into the affairs of rich American businessmen, no action was taken against Mr. Ryan."


Ryan was very pleased with U.S. President Woodrow Wilson when he signed off on the creation of a private corporate monopolistic trust, known as the "Federal" Reserve System. (See LEWIS V. UNITED STATES : https://www.casemine.com/judgement/us/5914910cadd7b0493458150c )
" After the passage of the Federal Reserve Act, Thomas Fortune Ryan commended Wilson in one of his rare public statements: "He is a great man and a great President.""-- Ferdinand Lundberg, America's 60 Families, Vanguard Press ( 1937), pg. 123.https://archive.org/details/ferdinandlundbergamericas60familiesvanguardpress1937 Jesuit trained Richard Syron, former vice-president of Boston Federal Reserve Bank says that the Federal Reserve System is just like the Catholic Church : https://www.reddit.com/Jesuitworldordecomments/dlk83y/jesuit_trained_richard_syron_former_vicepresident/
" Thomas Fortune Ryan, (born Oct. 17, 1851, Lovingston, Va., U.S.—died Nov. 23, 1928, New York, N.Y.), American financier who played a key role in numerous mergers and business reorganizations that took place about the turn of the 20th century, including those resulting in the creation of the Metropolitan Street Railway Company and the American Tobacco Company." https://www.britannica.com/biography/Thomas-Fortune-Ryan-American-financier

Papist Thomas Fortune Ryan was the owner of the Intercontinental Rubber Company--who along with its subsidiary, the American Congo Company were a primary financiers of King Leopold II's efforts to massacre and enslave as many Congolese as possible in order to make sure the GDP of Catholic Belgium would increase. Ryan made sure to get the Rockefeller's on board with the project as-well. This is very natural as in 1913, John D. Rockefeller Sr. was golfing with Catholic Priest Father J.P. Lennon when the double Jesuit trained Chief Justice Edward Douglass White "broke up" Standard Oil, allowing it to become even bigger! https://www.reddit.com/Jesuitworldordecomments/d8vzkl/john_d_rockefeller_sr_was_golfing_with_catholic/ We get this insight of the RockefelleRyan investment into the Congo in the book Thy Will Be Done : The Conquest Of The Amazon, Nelson Rockefeller And Evangelism In The Age Of Oil ,Gerard Colby, Charlotte Dennett, pg 844 : https://archive.org/details/GerardColbyCharlotteDennettThyWillBeDoneTheConquestOfTheAmazonNelsonRockefellerA

" In 1900 the Standard Oil Trust had invested $75 million in the International Crude Rubber Company, headed by, among others, Standard Oil’s William Rockefeller. Rockefeller later switched to the U.S. Rubber Company, a firm set up in 1892 by an official of W R Grace & Company. By 1903, U.S. Rubbers purchasing agent General Rubber Company was doing a thriving business in Indian-produced rubber in Para and Manaus. The other wing of the Rockefeller family, led by Nelsons father John D Rockefeller. Jr, and Nelson's maternal grandfather, Senator Nelson Aldrich, also jumped into the rubber boom. They invested in the Intercontinental Rubber Company, a venture of Thomas Fortune Ryan. Bernard Baruch, and the Guggenheims Senator Aldrich also followed Ryan into the Amazon of Africa, the Congo. There they gained a forest monopoly in the Belgian Congo known as the American Congo Company. The groups major concern, Intercontinental Rubber, soon developed a soiled reputation for its association with Belgium’s King Leopold, whose atrocities against Africans in the Congo rivaled the Peruvian Amazon Company's infamy in the Putumayo in the Peruvian Amazon. To force the rubber collectors to work, Leopold raised taxes as a pretext for unleashing troops on villages, holding women and children as hostages, If production fell, that was taken as proof of rebellion, and villages were burned and looted. In one district, 6,000 Africans were killed and mutilated every six months, by 1908 an incredible 8 million people had perished. The horrors perpetrated by King Leopold in the Belgian Congo made headlines throughout Europe and the United States, but the Rockefeller association with Intercontinental Rubber was ignored in the American press, despite the wiling presence of Edward Aldrich on Intercontinental's board as late as 1918. "

The Nation in a October 10 2017 article titled America’s Early Role in the Congo Tragedy : How US financiers helped Belgium's King Leopold rape the homeland of some 20 million Africans discloses that : https://www.thenation.com/article/archive/americas-early-role-congo-tragedy/
" J. P. Morgan met {King}Leopold at Dover. Thomas Fortune Ryan and John D. Rockefeller, Jr., saw him at Brussels. In November, 1906, Ryan’s and Daniel Guggenheim’s American Congo Company obtained a ninety-nine-year option to collect rubber “and other vegetable products” over 4,000 square miles, plus a ten-year option to buy 2,000 square miles of territory. (In 1921 the company traded the forest monopoly rights for full title to 386 square miles and ninety-one years’ exclusive rights to mines discovered in additional territory–where it found diamonds.) American financiers also organized the Société Internationale Forestière et Minière du Congo, known as Forminiére, which obtained a ninety-nine-year monopoly on all mines discovered within six years in a district covering half the Congo Free State. King Leopold and his Belgian bankers and collaborators cut themselves in for big slices in every concession and option. Hearst’s New York American of December 10-14, 1906, printed the whole story, along with exposés of Belgian bribes to Representatives and Senators, of Belgian academic front-men sent on lecture junkets to hoodwink American professors, of the use of the Roman Catholic hierarchy–including Cardinal Gibbons, who later recanted–to dignify the racket. August Belmont had represented Leopold for a while but apparently missed out on the big thing. According to the American , the principal members of the United States group were Ryan, James D. Stillman, Edward B. Aldrich (son of Nelson W. Aldrich, Republican leader in the Senate, and brother of Winthrop W. Aldrich, Mr. Eisenhower’s ambassador to the Court of St. James’s), the Guggenheim brothers, J. P. Morgan, and John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Rockefeller denied membership. Another source adds John Hays Hammond and Harry Payne Whitney to the participants. “Ryan and his associates, by the mere purchase of stock,” said the American , “thus became part rulers over an empire larger than all of New England, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and half of Pennsylvania. ""

Styleweekly has a very detailed biography of the Papal Wall Street financier Thomas Fortune Ryan titled, The Tycoon : The story of Thomas Fortune Ryan, and his legacy in Richmond. The incredible generosity of Thomas Fortune Ryan to his Church (Rome) is well documented in this write-up, and its even shown that Ryan would lend his "expertise" in financial and industrial matters to Belgian King Leopold II, while the massacres in the Congo were taking place. https://www.styleweekly.com/richmond/the-tycoon/Content?oid=1378337
" King Leopold of Belgium sought Ryan's financial and industrial expertise to develop and maximize the resources of colonial Belgian Congo before World War I. Ryan, who had rubber investments in other countries, determined that similar production in the Congo wasn't profitable, but organized impressive gold-, copper- and diamond-mining operations. The endeavor made Ryan the world's major owner of Congo diamond mines. In 1918 the Vatican sought Ryan's expertise to reorganize its finances. But fittingly for a Virginian, Ryan's most profitable lifelong investment was tobacco. He'd invested in tobacco stocks in the 1890s and in 1898 formed The Union Tobacco Company..... There would also be Ryan-funded churches, convents and hospitals in Manhattan, including the spectacular St. Jean-Baptiste on the Upper East Side. In Washington, D.C., she {Ida Ryan} paid for a gymnasium and dormitory at the Jesuit-founded Georgetown University...... In 1901 Pope Leo XIII sanctioned her conversion of a railcar to a chapel for her private devotions. Ida Ryan christened the railcar "Pere Marquette," honoring Jacques Marquette {S.J.} (1637-1675), the French explorer and {Jesuit} missionary who also traveled North America doing good works. The pope had granted only one other chapel-on-wheels — to Maria Christina, the dowager queen of Spain. Ida Ryan moved around the country dispensing checks for Catholic charities that eventually totaled $20 million ($210 million adjusted for inflation). The pope honored her with an extremely rare honor, designating her a countess of the Catholic church."
submitted by Ainsoph777 to Jesuitworldorder [link] [comments]


2020.02.13 11:35 CindyMorrisonwatts1 {Discussion} The Gay Jesuits

{Discussion} The Gay Jesuits

The Gay Jesuits

Vox Cantoris
Michael Voris of Church Militant TV breaks today wide open to the Catholic world a story in the Daily Beast, a not Catholic friendly website. I'll let Michael tell you all about it; you can read the Beast column below; lest we give them any clicks or it ever disappears there. Besides, why would we want to give something named the "Beast" anything?
https://preview.redd.it/og5ct9hb6og41.png?width=480&format=png&auto=webp&s=1a3b1ae631d74c696278ba1cc61571c5dd8fa6b7
Now, just before you click on The Vortex and read the filth below ask yourself; "Why are certain priests and other Catholics so angry at Michael Voris?"
Oh come on, you know why.
Confessions of a Gay Jesuit: How I Was Forced To Leave My Church—And Calling
Ben Brenkert wanted to be a priest, but confronted by the hypocrisy and prejudice of the Catholic Church he had to quit. Here, in a powerful, heartfelt essay, he explains why.
Today, at 35, I am a gay seminarian who still needs human touch. For me the best place is the Episcopal Church. Some day I will be a priest, hopefully married with children. That’s what I’m looking for, love; it falls under the rubric of modern love. I am a modern gay Christian in search of love, one who still wants to become a priest.
From 2004 to 2014 I was a Jesuit, a member of the Society of Jesus in good standing, an order gone global by the election of Pope Francis I. I left the Jesuits because I left the Roman Catholic Church. I would not be an openly gay priest in a Church that fires LGBTQ employees and volunteers. I left in protest: How could I be an openly gay priest who fires LGBTQ employees and volunteers?
Here’s my story; it is an experiment with truth telling, as much as it is about justice for LGBTQ Christians and non-Christians, men, women and children who have been deeply affected by the millennia of anti-gay theology and hate speech espoused by the Roman Catholic Church. The effects of this violence linger today.
My story takes on closeted gay priests, Jesuits or not, and tells them to come out. My story ends by radically calling upon Pope Francis I and his brother Jesuits, indeed anyone who has fired an LGBTQ employee or volunteer, to reinstate them today.
Since I was a teenager, 15 years old, I longed to be a priest as seriously as others dream of a vocation or a career: to become a doctor, a teacher, a writer. Just because I was gay, I felt it was no reason for me not to pursue my dream.
I grew up in Valley Stream, a suburban village on Long Island, the son of an FDNY fire inspector and a mom that worked for Nassau Downs Off Track Betting. More than anything else we were a Roman Catholic family who ordered our lives around the life of the Church, as much as we did big Italian meals and Broadway shows.
Mine was a decent childhood, but at home I could never fully be myself, the Church’s teaching on homosexuality burdened any genuine relationship between my parents and me and my four siblings and me. This is still true today.
In 2002, at 22, after seven years of happily discerning a call to become a Roman Catholic priest, I almost threw in the towel. I’d had enough dinner meetings with bishops and priests from the Diocese of Long Island and the Society of Mary (the Marists) to know that I could not be an openly gay man in their course of study. No one ever spoke to me about the subject of sex or sexuality: This drew enough red flags for me.
“I’ll never ever go back into the closet. I’ll never again be a scapegoat for anyone’s war with culture, not nature.”
Still desiring to be a priest, I prayed for guidance and remembered two Jesuit priests, Fathers Mateo Ricci and Walter Ciszek, members of the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits), members of what I would quickly learn was the largest, most progressive and gay-friendly religious order in the Church.
Both Frs. Ricci and Ciszek were missionaries who responded to God and served the Church in Asia; both were formed according to the spirituality of Saint Ignatius of Loyola, the Basque nobleman who founded the order in 1540. Loyola set his men apart from other religious orders by giving them the tools to mix in with the upper classes at universities or in courts, but bound them also to serve the poor and least among us, children. In these men I saw myself.
As I discerned entry into the Jesuits, many close friends debated me about homosexuality and Catholicism, essentially questioning my calling. My friend Katie asked me how I could dedicate my life to an institution that labeled me as intrinsically disordered, one who saw gay sexual acts are evil.
But I saw homosexuality and Catholicism in the most holistic way, and I put my needs for self-preservation last because I wanted to make a difference in the life of LGBTQ youth. I thought I could change things from the inside, but to do this right I had to enter the Church’s most gay friendly order, an order with political and social connections that rivaled the Beltway.
Even then I knew it would take years and years to undo the damage done to the LGBTQ community by the Church, damage I hoped to help repair in my lifetime as a priest.
I too wanted to help people, especially gay people like myself, who belong to a church that doesn’t accept them. I knew Catholicism was anti-gay (just read the Catechism of the Catholic Church), but soon enough the gay Jesuits I’d meet rejected the prevailing ethos on that. But I was naïve, too idealistic and pious, sold a bill of goods when I didn’t realize how big the rock was that I’d be pushing up the mountain. I entered the Jesuits in 2005 at the age of 25.
In 2006, at 26, we Jesuit novices studied together in Denver. During this summer gay Jesuits met periodically, in secret to discuss the lack of hospitality and welcome by our straight brothers. Many spoke about how this led them into the dark night of the soul, to what some interpreted as an unhealthy uses of pornography, when what they really wanted was genuine human connection.
Of course, using porn contradicted one’s vow of chastity. One immature novice said that for him gay porn was but one means to keep his “gay self” alive and still connected to a community so often alienated by the Church; for me, he was erroneously projecting his own sense of isolation and alienation by the Church onto the gay porn industry.
In those secret meetings we discussed why it was OK for our straight brothers to make crude jokes about women during dinner while we could not discuss ex-boyfriends or what it meant to be healthy, chaste gay man. Our callings we opined were from God irrespective of our sexual orientation.
We discussed how often we succumb to our natural feelings through masturbation, which some of our novice directors tried to teach us to control. We felt we could live our vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience just as authentically as our straight brothers.
That summer E.S., a youngish, blue-eyed, piano-playing boy from Massachusetts and I had an affair that lasted several weeks. We never had sexual intercourse, but we did just about everything else. As I professed vows my voice quavered. What was I doing? Why was I, a healthy integrated gay man, choosing life in a hostile environment, self-selecting, and freely responding to a vocation in a church that practices “don’t ask, don’t tell” through the imprudent guise of hate the sin, love the sinner?
But God had called me, and before I knew it I was, at 27, on my way to St. Louis for further training. In St. Louis I learned firsthand about the secret, scandalous world of gay Jesuits.
While in St. Louis I met a fraternity of men just out of similar novitiates, whose newfound freedom led them to gay or straight bars, but also to “the 4th house” where we would all gather for libations and pizzas. I was shocked by how much drinking went on that first year. I was more shocked by the stories I’d hear of younger Jesuits fathering babies, and gay Jesuits fondling each other in vans on the way to retreats.
These men were gay Jesuits whom the Church and the Society of Jesus embraced, gay men who according to the church’s teaching were still objectively disordered, intrinsically deviant from the natural world and social order.
Was the Society of Jesus doing us, or the LGBTQ community, any favors by keeping us?
While in St. Louis I was told by my superiors not to write about LGBTQ issues, that such a commitment to social justice, while helpful, would draw red flags and possibly delay my ordination to the priesthood. Outside the classroom I had other things to worry about. I inherited the unhealthy sexual appetite of a young Jesuit who entered religious life right after high school.
M.B. was a strikingly attractive young Polish man from St. Louis whose sexual appetite was rapacious, and whose attraction to me never ceased. With time his advances grew more aggressive. We spent a weekend at a vacation home in Green Hills, when M.B. asked me to sleep with him.
During that weekend M.B. told me about at least one affair with another Jesuit, M.P. Later, when M.B. suggested we have a threesome I knew that our own sexual intimacy in the basement of the “4th house” had stirred his addiction to sex, and to me.
Before long we were skipping meals and paper writing and finding our usual spot on the campus of St. Louis University to embrace, and kiss and dry hump. He told me his nickname for his penis, “the Amazon.”
Once when I told my acting superior Fr. S. about M.B.’s advances he shrugged his shoulders and said, “Why resist? To him you’re so exotic.” I surmised that I was exotic because of my good looks and charm, but was that an excuse to break my vows and give in to M.B.’s aggressive advances?
As I left St. Louis, in 2010 at the age of 30, to work in our Jesuit prep school in New Jersey, I more and more decried my inability to work for LGBTQ justice and equality. To do so I had to talk about civil rights and the experience of African Americans at the expense of talking about issues relevant to the LGBTQ community.
I could talk about racism but not homophobia. I could mix in with African-American students, but be reprimanded when I worked too closely with Breaking Barriers, the school’s “gay-straight alliance.”
Every time I heard a prep student use the term “faggot,” or counseled a gay student bullied by his peers, I thought of James Baldwin’s essay, ‘Stranger In The Village,’ (PDF) where he writes, “The children who shout ‘Neger!’ have no way of knowing the echoes this sound raises in me.”
Recently, a married lesbian former colleague chided me, “Why didn’t you do more when you were with us?” My answer: to work from within I had to play the game. That answer was not sufficient: Was I a coward? No, I don’t think so. To do something I needed to be ordained, I wasn’t there yet. Over time I grew tired of waiting for ordination.
About the secret world of gay Jesuits: I could go on and on about gay Jesuits playing the piano in the West Village’s Duplex or about the nights I spent at NYC’s Splash Bar or Eagle Club. I could talk about how older gay Jesuits swam nude during summers at villa homes, about Jesuits who groped each other in hot tubs, or Jesuits who were gay in the order but who are now safely married. I could talk about gay Jesuits that had online Avatars and memberships to gay online dating sites. I could talk about failed Jesuit hook-ups, my own and others.
There were the gay Jesuits who were so closeted that they hid behind conservatism, leaving the Jesuits for formation programs in dioceses across the United States. There were gay Jesuits who were put in clerical prison for embracing undergrads too long, and others who attended Sexaholics Anonymous, or whose personal collection of pornography was mistakenly played during high school lectures.
I myself was groomed for sex by several older Jesuits. I saw the vehement internalized homophobia of some Jesuits, and knew of certain gay pastors removed from jobs so that less out and more passable gay Jesuits replace them at gay-friendly parishes.
There were gay Jesuits who traveled the world to scuba dive or taste French wine. One gay Jesuit offered to marry me as I departed the Society of Jesus. I lament that these gay Jesuits remain silent while their gay or lesbian lay colleagues are fired from jobs and brought closer to poverty.
At 35, I continue to ponder the question: Why is it fair for the Church to ordain gay men who sneak out at night just to be with other men of their community, while the Church condemns gays who want to marry and to express their love?
One week ago at Posh, a popular New York City gay bar, a gay Catholic who worships at the Paulist Church near Fordham University’s Lincoln Center Campus told me not to be angry with the Church. He added that the Paulist Church does wonders for him and his peers because they identify the LGBTQ community in the bulletin and other public announcements. Is that a measure of victory for the LGBTQ community?
This gay man said that he had finally decided to move in with his partner of seven years, but that they would never marry. When I asked why, he said marriage is not the be-all and end-all of life for gay Catholics. This same man told me he’s spotted the Jesuit pastor of a local parish at Posh a number of times over the past year.
This conversation haunted me for the next few days. Here is a gay man who doesn’t want to receive a sacramental marriage or be recognized by his church community, himself observing a gay priest secretly frequenting a gay bar. These two men should meet: Maybe my new friend could help my Jesuit brother to come out of the closet.
At every new stage of formation, I met more and more gay Jesuits who were happier sipping scotch, ordering cigars, opera tickets, and shoes, publishing books or holding secret masses with LGBTQ sympathizers (that followed unsanctioned liturgical rubrics) than publicly confronting the injustice experienced by members of their community. Their silence pained me. Why won’t these gay priests just come out?
I believe these gay Jesuits won’t come out because they live comfortable lives, with access to so many things, like the latest technology or villas abroad or tenured positions at universities, not to mention the unlimited gas cards that make domestic travel really easy.
In other words, these gay Jesuits are living better lives than the estimated 320,000 to 400,000 homeless LGBTQ youth in America. Why they don’t speak up is beyond me. Which is why I left the Church in protest over its continued ill treatment of LGBTQ Christians and non-Christians.
My final coming out in the Jesuits came last spring; it was 2014, months after I learned about the firing of heroes like Nicholas Coppola and Colleen Simon from two of our Jesuit institutions. Coppola and Simon are married to partners of the same sex.
I contacted my superior, and other leaders of the Jesuits and started a conversation about justice and equality. I said, we have to do something, we must stand up publicly against the firing of LGBTQ employees and volunteers.
I realized nothing would be done, as such I penned an open letter to Pope Francis.
In it I asked him to help save my vocation by calling for an end to the firing of LGBTQ employees and volunteers. I questioned why he would allow the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops to fire people, and bring them closer to poverty, some of whom make less than $15 an hour (without health care).
In July, I mailed Pope Francis and the Jesuit Superior General Fr. Adolfo Nicholas hard copies of the letter. They never responded. I thought: Wasn’t this the era of “Who am I to judge?”
But the pope who called so many others never called me. Of course, I wasn’t as naive as to think this problem would be solved in one phone call. But that’s the impression the pope gives—that any one statement ushered by him solves problems that have had negative consequences for millennia. To me, that is the Francis defect.
Employees and volunteers like Coppola and Simon were fired for who they are. Even as Pope Francis prepares to visit the United States, the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops is intolerantly strident in its opposition to Francis’s liberalism. Look at the Archdiocese of San Francisco’s recent proposal to implement morality clauses in employment contracts.
The pope and the Society of Jesus must reinstate men and women who have been fired from jobs (and volunteer activities). This is not some radical ideal. After all, this pope has changed the discourse about human nature, and while the tone is fresh and new the substance must match that spirit.
As I look into doctoral programs in theology, I practice clinical social work for a major nonprofit in the Bronx. I work with teenage boys who are bullied by the peers, negatively labeled as gay or called “faggots.”
“Why?” I often think about the Roman Catholic Church and her influence on secular society. I have no regrets about leaving the Jesuits. My family does, but their lamentations speak to their own discomfort with my sexuality and same-sex desire generally.
That’s not my battle anymore; I am a happy, confident, and grateful gay man. Like the Church, my family has their own skeletons to deal with, but I’ll never ever go back into the closet. I’ll never again be a scapegoat for anyone’s war with culture, not nature.
What do I desire? Well, I’m back on the market, dating, and using Apps like Tinder, to look for a man with whom I can share the joys and sorrows of life, a man with whom I can marry, and love, and raise children. I realize now it is love that is universal, not celibacy.
I continue to respond to God’s invitation to me to be a priest. For me, that could be in the Episcopal Church. At the Easter Vigil liturgy, I’ll be received into the Episcopal Church. I am happy to call St. Luke in the Fields in Greenwich Village my spiritual home.
While I’ll always be priestly, priesthood is less important for me than defeating social sin and structural evil, both of which have unnecessarily contributed to violence against the LGBTQ community, the community I deeply admire and deeply love.
My story is an experiment with truth-telling in so much as it reveals the hypocrisy of an institution beholden to a rhetoric and a theology that is far from meeting people where they are.
That Jesus held his beloved disciple John close to his breast at the Last Supper tells me something about where the Church should be. It should hold those LGBTQ men, women, and children closer to her breast, and thank God that some of them still journey the communion line to say “Amen,” and not “Adieu.”
Ben BrenkertBen Brenkert is a New York-based writer who left formation to become a Roman Catholic priest after learning that more and more lesbian and gay employees and volunteers were being fired by Church. Ben is writing on a memoir, and has been published in the Huffington Post, The Advocate, The International Business Times, Newsday, and The National Catholic Reporter. Ben is completing a masters in sacred theology at the General Theological Seminary.
#gayjesuits #jesuits #gaychristians #civilrights
submitted by CindyMorrisonwatts1 to u/CindyMorrisonwatts1 [link] [comments]


2020.01.20 16:08 Kinmuan /r/Army Book Club, 2020, Vote For Books!

Original Post, /Army Book Club, 2020.
If anyone has links to online book stores (outside of amazon), good 'used book' online stores, or audiobook websites, please post them!
Also, let me take this time to encourage you to consider visiting your local library! Your local library probably has a website where you can search for available titles, before you even go down there! Consider supporting your local library, they need you and your support more than Bezos.
Titles are in basic alphabetical order, shown below. On the voting form, they will similarly appear in alphabetical order.
You can vote for up to 11 choices (February through December). I'll try not to let it be single topic/genre. If we wind up with 11 biographies at the top or 11 Star Wars EU novels, or 11 WW1 Novels, I may take a lower-voted book just to keep the diversity alive, so that we get more than the same 5 people each week.
You can find the link to the voting form below the table.
Book Name Genre/Subject Amazon Other Links
A History of Warfare History/War Amazon Wiki
Alone at Dawn: Medal of Honor Recipient John Chapman Afghan War Amazon Wiki on Chapman
Armor Military Sci-Fi Amazon Wiki
Attacks WW1 History Amazon Wiki
Black Hearts: One Platoon's Descent into Madness Iraq War Amazon Wiki
Book of Five Rings Military Strategy Amazon Wiki
Brave Deeds War Fiction (Iraq) Amazon Grove Atlantic Link
Caesar Ancient Roman History/Biography Amazon Wiki
Can't Hurt Me: Master Your Mind and Defy the Odds Health/Fitness Amazon Author Website
Carthage Must Be Destroyed Ancient Roman History Amazon Wikipedia Background
Catch-22 Satire/Dark Humor Amazon Wikipedia
Chickenhawk Vietnam War Bio/Aviation History Amazon Wikipedia
Churchill: Wanted Dead or Alive Biography/History Amazon NPR Profile
Congo Mercenary African History/Mercenary Amazon Wikipedia
Deep Survival: Who Lives, Who Dies, and Why Nature/Survival Amazon Goodreads
Dune Science Fiction Amazon Wikipedia
Ender's Game Military Sci-Fi Amazon Wikipedia
Extreme Ownership Biography/SF History Amazon Goodreads
Fields of Fire Historical Fiction, Vietnam Amazon Wikipedia
Fitness: Born to Run Fitness/Sports Amazon Wikipedia
Fobbit War Fiction/Satire Amazon Goodreads
Gates of Fire Historical Fiction/Spartans Amazon Wikipedia
Ghost Wars ME/Central Asia History/Intelligence Amazon Wikipedia
Guests of the Ayatollah Iran/Terrorism Amazon Wikipedia
Helsreach Military SciFi/Fantasy Amazon Book Profile
House to House Iraq/Afghan War History/Biography Amazon Wikipedia
I Love a Man in Uniform GWOT MemoiSpouse Amazon Goodreads
Leaders Eat Last Leadership/Psychology Amazon Author Website
Leadership Strategy and Tactics Motivational/Leadership Amazon
Learning to Eat Soup with A Knife Vietnam History/Counterinsurgency Amazon NPR
Legions of Rome Roman History/Military Strategy Amazon Goodreads
Lurps: A Ranger's Diary Biography/Vietnam War Amazon Goodreads
Matterhorn War Fiction/Vietnam Amazon Wikipedia
Meditations by Aurelius Roman Literature/Leadership Amazon Wikipedia
Never split the difference LEO/Communication/Negotiation Amazon Publisher Profile
Not a good day to die Iraq/Afghan Biography Amazon Goodreads
On War Military Strategy Amazon Wikipedia
One Soldier's War Memoir, Chechen/Russian War Amazon Goodreads
Outlaw Platoon OEF MemoiBiography Amazon Wikipedia
Pentagon Wars MemoiLeadership/National Policy Amazon Goodreads
Pygmy Dark HumoSatire Amazon Wikipedia
Radical Inclusion Management/Politics Amazon NPR Profile with Dempsey
Red Storm Rising Political/Historical Fiction Amazon Wikipedia
Sabotage: America's Enemies within the CIA CIA/NSA/Military Intelligence Amazon Goodreads
Spearhead WW2 Biography/Armored Warfare Amazon Publisher Profile
Stalingrad: The fateful Siege WW2 History/Military Strategy Amazon Wikipedia
Starship Troopers Military Sci-Fi Amazon Wikipedia
Storm of Steel WW1 Bio/Military History Amazon Wikipedia
Sunrise Over Fallujah GWOT Fiction Amazon Goodreads
Surprise, Kill, Vanish CIA/Military Intelligence Amazon Goodreads
Team of Teams (McChrystal) Organization/Leadership Amazon Goodreads
The Black Company Military / Dark Fantasy Amazon Wikipedia
The Five Fingers Spies and Political Thriller Amazon Goodreads
The Forever War Military Sci-Fi/Vietnam Amazon Wikipedia
The Forgotten Soldier WW2 Biography, German Amazon Wikipedia
The Gallic War Ancient Roman History Amazon MIT Classics Archive
The Green Berets Historical Fiction Amazon Wikipedia
The Guns of August WW1 History Amazon Wikipedia
The Killer Angels Military Fiction/Civil War Amazon Wikipedia
The last stand of fox company Historical/Korean War Amazon USMC Profile
The Moon is a Harsh Mistress Sci-Fi Amazon Wikipedia
The New Middle East; What everyone needs to know Middle East History/International Relations Amazon Goodreads
The Outpost Afghan WaMoH Action Amazon NPR
The soldier and the State American Military History Amazon Wikipedia
The Things they carried War Fiction/Vietnam Amazon Wikipedia
Thunder Run Iraq War History Amazon Wikipedia
Tribe Military History/Veterans/GWOT Amazon Author Website
Unbroken: WW2 WW2 Biography Amazon Wikipedia
Unlikely Rise of Vladimir Putin Russian Politics Amazon Wikipedia
War Afghan War Biography Amazon Author Website
Warlords of Oman Oman/Arabian Pennisula History Amazon Goodreads
We were soldiers and young Military History/Vietnam Amazon Wikipedia
Yellow Birds GWOT Fiction Amazon Wikipedia

Please Vote Here!

submitted by Kinmuan to army [link] [comments]


2020.01.15 16:29 acloudrift Diss-Cussing whole E-Bible (joke title)

Disclaimers
Warning: essay with links, not a wade in shallows, a dive into deep end
My apologies to devotional Christians who will surely take offense at the following notions. I have no animosities to these persons; they form a bulwark or buffer-zone between me and MORE hostile religions like Judaism, Islam, Climate-Change, and Government Saves (it really ENslaves). These muckers should have their own Diss-Cussion posts. Christianity is not the least mucked-up belief system. Even less mucked up are European Enlightenment, Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Shinto (traditional Japanese behavior) and Rothbardism. But I'm surrounded by a Christian culture called the American Bible Belt. At least around here, Christians are the powers that be.
The famous Holy Bible is a mucking curse on humanity, especially the Old Testament (aka Torah), and the New T is not much better. They are both creations of compromised Judaic illusionists.
Compromised because their fictions have multiple objectives (things to which readers should object, and goals of the authors and promulgators of the themes contained therein). For quick proof of how mucked up the OT is, look at its associates, the N and K. TNK is so mucked up, I want to use the acronym NTNK for anti-TNK, which is really a better label for a goy posture toward hostile Judaics than "Zionist" or my own Juice, because it goes to the source of Jewish hostility to Goyim (aka Golem).
Who Wrote the Bible? - R SEPEHR 12.5 min
edit Apr.23.2020 Pagan Origins of Judaism 22 min Judaic departure from typical near east traditions; 14:05 Judes placed mythic humans featured, the NrEasTs had mythic gods featured, humans were menials; discussion of bible begins 14:37 search Pentateuch documentary hypothesis, Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis Judaic timeline diagram 15:38
Evidence of Judaic muckery: Dual Morality, one for Jews, the opposite for Goyim
Jews support LGBT movement, but Forbidden relationships in Judaism
One Law for Jews, Another Law for Gentiles 2016
Jews and the GOYIM: Candor About the Ongoing Implications of Talmudic Dual Morality
Null hypothesis says that Bible is the revealed word of God (YHWH). Alternative hypo, a curse. Why? It's a fancy aggregation of fictions that have been hyped into a dominance agenda. Bible is maybe the most respected and reprinted book in history. Today I'm going to don my "ultra-violate" glasses (spectrally opposite to "rose-colored"). My regard is Bible's high reputation is way out of proportion to the actual content. Respect for it comes from a long tradition, which includes (un-hyped) brutal enforcement. The muckers in control of the various Churches have been despicable, morally depraved, and power-mad molesters screwing over the general public (literally in the case of children). But of course, those ideas are things TPTB want you (respected Goy reader) to un-know.
Whassa mattah me, don't I "get it"? Yeah, I get that Bible's another scam, the cultural world is chock full of them. See Survey of Creation and Destruction Part 4 HoaxWorld. Religion is not investigated in that blog, I skipped it on purpose. Putting down traditional beliefs is guaranteed to attract calumny. So for today, I'm throwing caution to the wind and saying "calumny? bring it on."
Unicorns? BELIEVE Why Christianity is bullshit, part 1: The Bible is stupid 2012 brief article followed by 41 comments; sequential proceeds (Aggregation of parts extracted in study notes.)
What IS Religion? US government is prohibited from making a law "respecting establishment" of one.
Something spooky: "establishment" can mean an existing thing, OR a process of creating such a thing. Legal definition: establishment
But Bill of Rights does not define religion, it takes for granted everyone knows. Most Constitutional scholars look to Black's Dictionary of Law... default is Christian. So readers are left to decide among the various Christian sects.
General definition, 'religion' offers 3 clusters of descriptors. I'm going to offer a more succinct summary:
1 ideology composed of some fixed (inflexible, not a trend) doctrine (idea set) 2 said doctrine is espoused and promulgated by a coterie of persons knowledgeable in the doctrine, who might be said to "believe" it, that is, are faithful to it 3 elements of the doctrine should be considered 'memes' in that the knowledge is reproduced by believers to persons not familiar with the ideology to become likewise, believers 4 said coterie (or cadre) forms a core group endeavoring to reproduce their 'special knowledge' doctrine, are considered 'authorities', and the doctrine is supported by argument from authority aka 'faith' and not requiring any empirical evidence. It seems that fiction works better than truth to attract followers, if history is good evidence. In the case of some religions, what began as no more than teaching of philosophy morphed into fantastic fictions over time 2016.
The success of a meme (its reproduction rate relative to its extinction rate) depends on the benefits it provides to (a) potential new believers, (who may decide to 'pass on it'), and (b) old believers, (who want to 'pass it on').
According to my definition, any book (eg. Bible) might be considered a religion, since it has most of the features, except one: motive for reproduction. Books can be parsed into commercial enterprises, and belief systems. A commercial enterprise benefits promulgators via fiduciary exchange outside the contents of the book. Example DaVinci Code, author Brown profited from sales, not in having readers "believe" the fictional story. A belief system benefits promulgators via the contents of the book, any other exchange is not essential. Example Gideon's Bible. It seems there is some innate satisfaction from gaining converts to one's own ideals. See also the Judaic mitzvah (divine obligation) Tikkun olam ('repairing' the world by pushing Judaic memes upon others (some of the memes are for Jews, others are for Goyim, example Ethical movement, "replacing theology with unadulterated morality") ).
Religion, the (horrible) Truth, A Werner 2003
A take-down of religious "morality" by a "believer"
How the Medieval Church Frightened People Into Obedience 11.5 min
Best Proving or Disproving God Theory
After perusing evidence for many years, I find the theory that best explains Gods and Goddesses is simple: they're imaginary. That's not to dismiss them, because it's a proven fact that imagination exists IRL, that is from where all human artifacts come, ideas. "Tis an ILL wind that blows no minds" ― Malaclypse the Younger Virtual Religion
Why are the books of the Bible (anthology) so well-respected?
Bible IS respected, (the contents, not the physical object) but my case is that the respect is not deserved, it comes as a tradition, which by definition, is a body of respected custom. A big chunk of that tradition came with brute force to spread it and keep it, especially during the middle ages when Roman Catholic/Orthodox Churches executed heretics, and communities ostracized deviants (eg. witches). More about them below. My attitude is that all religions have a veneer of social construction, meaning the persons promoting a theology want to cast a spell, to influence followers into their system (special knowledge... "Possession of special knowledge will save you, we have such knowledge; kneel before us, pay us, etc." — quote from).
In the case of witches, the presumed heresy claim could be applied to extort money or property from the victim or her family, by hiding that with the overt excuse of condemning a pagan (evil) heritage. Who were those ye-olde "witches"? (Christian Era)
Medieval Period - History of Witchcraft
Witches and Witchcraft in the Middle Ages
A Very Brief History of Witches & Witchcraft
Evolution of the medieval witch – and why she’s usually a woman 2018
New Witch Overview
Why were witches mostly women? (another view)
There was a pre-historic pagan heritage contrary to Christian doctrine, which Church officials wanted to eliminate. Part of that heritage was a lore of herbal medicine which probably worked better than the prayers offered by Churchmen who were essentially clueless about illness. Women were more likely to be practitioners of herbalism due to their nurturing bent. So Churchmen needed those herbalists to be "painted black" and cursed to oblivion. There may have been some use of hallucinogenic "medicine" associated with those herbalists, which could be exploited as evidence of wrong-doing, much like it is today with the "War on Drugs". (Drugs are not directly problematic, their hazard is due to black-market sellers demanding high prices, and the associated crimes buyers commit to pay them. See illicit drug trade)
Bible influence has varied. Thru much of European Church history, only elite persons had access (Devotional churchmen and well educated laypersons (versions, translations). Not only that, but other influences had a stronger influence in Christian affairs than the Bible, in particular were medieval confluences with religions that pre-dated Christianity. Romanisation of Christianity 11.7 min
See table of non-Biblical foreign inductions 7:32
Spirits
From prehistory, spiritual ideas and feelings seem to have existed, proof being cave paintings, statuettes, petroglyphs, and surviving artifacts of historic times, like Egyptian tomb paintings and Greek myths. My attitude is that spiritual ideas are a conflation of social construct and memories of parents (or caregivers), from early childhood. Social constructs are artifacts, and toddler-age memories are colored by the adults involved, but the gist is that adults may be awesome to an infant. See a detailed investigation of social constructionism.
Morality as presented in Bible, parable form, is confusing if taken as direct illustration (more obvious moral parables, see Aesop's Fables).
Sin: behavioral (or mental!) activity of which authorities disapprove, usually because it may undermine their control. Eg., peruse my appraisal of 10 commandments, and Survey of Christianity (part 1)
Blessed Be... our believers, for they shall pay us forever.
Cursed Be... our disbelievers, for they shall assume our scorn-dumps forever.
See AntiZionist Canards (series opener)
Torah YHWH was a vile character model. Anu-Yahweh, True Devil, Impostor God because God sacrificed his own son... (warning: you will not like this post) 2017
List: The Church’s Most Controversial Doctrines (note these are Church doctrines, not Bible doctrines)
Jesus is painted white, a Prince of Peace, and a Merciful God-the-Son. Isn't that a totally different character than the Torah's YHWH? (Can't be same god (or leg of tri-god)!)
"God-the-Father" of Jesus let him be tortured to death by Romans. What kind of role model is that for fatherhood?
Christians: If Jesus was God, then to whom did he sacrifice himself? (content is all in the comments)
Christian Cross is a Roman instrument of torture and execution. What kind of symbol is that for a merciful doctrine? The other famous symbol is a fish, something smelly about that.
Why True Christians Do Not Use the Cross in Worship
Original Christian Cross was Greek letters Chi, Rho
YHWH modeled after: Middle Eastern God-Kings and Ozimandias-like 'Oriental Potentates' virtually corrupt nation
How the Jews Invented God, and Made Him Great 2016
Holy Trinity is a Pagan-derived doctrine, and so are many other Christian motifs.
Christian, Freemason, Jewish motifs
Gods of the Lodge
HOW CHRISTIANITY WAS INVENTED 2012
Accurate "prophecies" are always "posted" (published after being "confirmed")
Moving On?
Roots of the White Man 2016
In a Quest for Religion's “holy spark”, leaving the Age of Now behind, is Salvation (Alignment) to be found in Computer Games?
7 Reasons to Play Computer Games 2016 Psy2dy
Enlightenment 2.0 by apostle Chen
Why Study Christian Bible, while we have Wikid Pedia?
1 ring-verse (universe) bible-verse-curse, an allusive template: One Ring
Tolkien full-quote
Morphic version, Bible allusion
One Thing to rule them all, One Thing to mind them, One Thing to bring them all into Black Knight, and blind them In the Land of Moloch where the Judasots lie.
(for reference to Judasots, see the story of Exclude Us)
Getting funky, caution: distortions ahead, for grins
Bible Study Read my 'Meshed Up' Lips
Regina Vagina 0.7 min
Errors in Book of Dan?... evidence in troduction to the Book of Daniel
1 Meshab, 2 Moab, and 3 AlbiNegro, some kinda twisted parody on Danny Stuff... freebased on: Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego wkdpd
Shadrack MacGimsey 3.5 min
1 Moche Prick, a plagiarized story of Meshab and the White Whale (not MeshLab)
2 MOAB (umm a - Saddam's Children)
3 Albi Negro (Jesus was Albino African Hypothesis)
Butt On Line
All Bible teachings, and also non-Bible teachings coming from a church, are trivial in the sense they have little or no effect on actions (except church attendance). If someone makes an action on 6 days per week, the idea for which came from Bible, that would be an exception. Most actions I've seen have little to do with Biblical influence (except maybe virtue signaling with public prayer). So I'm OK with the Bible, it's an old fictional book, not especially good for anything but quoting, not even amusement, unless you like to argue. So go ahead and believe whatever you want, does not matter to me.
edit Apr.12.2020 (Happy Easter)
History Guy on Bible, translations King James Version: Translating the World's Most Popular Book 12.2 min
Francis Bacon, KJV by Mather Walker (illustrated) 2007
Sr FB NAoL homepage
sequel, Diss-Cussing Religion
study notes
Aggregation of "Why Christianity is bullshit', part X, by MIKE D 1 Bible is stupid 2 Bible Not True 3 Theology is absurd Onward UnChristian Sojures; A-Unicornist blog (homepage)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Holy_Bible_(album)
https://duckduckgo.com/?q=(Christian)+bible+%3D+garbage&atb=v81-4__&ia=web
Occulting the Bible – How Scripture Was Kept From the Masses 11.7 min
The Lie of the Tyrannical Biblical God, Rockn'MrE 10 min
A take-down of religious "morality" by a "believer"
Religion is "scary" literature
Do We Obey God Out of Fear? 2016
Obey God from Fear 2017 That's a lame excuse. Now take the Aztec's neighbors for example; they had genuine reason to fear (Huitzilopochtli)
http://miraculousbible.org/Articles/MiraculousBible,CrossReferencesAsArcs,MarvelousUnity,40Authors,1500Years,66Books,BeyondMansCapabilities.pdf
https://duckduckgo.com/?q=Torah+YHWH+was+a+vile+character+model&atb=v81-4__&ia=web
https://duckduckgo.com/?q=cursing+Torah%27s+YHWH&atb=v81-4__&ia=web
https://duckduckgo.com/?q=YHWH+a+crappy+god&atb=v81-4__&ia=web
https://duckduckgo.com/?ratb=e&q=list+of+Roman+insertions+to+Christian+doctrine&atb=v81-4__&ia=web
From Jediism to Judaism: Star Wars as Jewish Allegory Dec 5, 2015
new age hippie talk and more like an introduction to Kabbalah, Jewish mysticism.
https://duckduckgo.com/?q=%3E+Garrett+Hardin+writes%3A+%22The+essential+characteristic+of+a+tribe+is+that+it+should+follow+a+double+standard+of+morality+--+one+kind+of+behavior+for+in-group+relations%2C+another+for+out-group.%22&atb=v81-4__&ia=web
Garret Hardin “The Tragedy of the Commons,” 1968
https://duckduckgo.com/?q=Dual+Morality%2C+one+for+Jews%2C+the+opposite+for+Goyim&atb=v81-4__&ia=web
Paul-Michel Foucault philosophy
https://duckduckgo.com/?q=buddhism+began+as+teaching+of+philosophy%2C+but+in+subsequent+centuries%2C+morphed+into+fantastic+fictions+over+time&atb=v81-4__&ia=web
does worship = deity, or religion?
When Jews Rule The World 2012 rjn (video is dead)
Prophetic Years Prophetic implications of Trump’s recognition of Jerusalem 2017 America transforms from honorable to dishonorable in fifty years 2013 Deception is epidemic in America 2011 must be war
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE WESTERN WORLD
https://duckduckgo.com/?q=some+religions%2C+what+began+as+no+more+than+teaching+of+philosophy+morphed+into+fantastic+fictions+over+time&atb=v81-4__&ia=web
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2019.12.28 14:25 Middleearthgirl Fundamentalism is Fundamentally White

When my fifteen-year-old self got the chance to attend Sound Foundations, a month-long IBLP conference, I was over the moon with excitement. Even though I'd taken piano lessons since I was six, this was my opportunity to finally learn music the Biblical Way with my friends! One of the first lectures fed to us was called "The Roots of Rock Music". It pointed to Africa as the home of witchcraft and drums (lumping those things together); discussed slaves bringing over voodoo culture, and attempted to trace the etymology of jazz terms like 'cool' to pagan origins. It concluded by connecting Elvis Presley with the black music culture, When I later studied Music I, II, and III in college I discovered that was grossly untrue. But of course... Eastern music and drums and jazz = bad. Western music and classical = good. In this neck of the woods, we call things we can't understand "evil."
People of color whomst?
Apparently 75% of non-denom fundamentalists are white. This surprises me none seeing as, throughout my teen years, people of color were a mystery to me. My entire social circle revolved around my Church and IBLP, so 90% of my circle was white. Anyone outside of that spectrum conformed perfectly to a suburban, white-washed fundie lifestyle (aka. Jasmine Baucham) so there wasn't much difference by way of culture or background anyway.
Now, years later, three of my best friends in the world are Hispanic, Brazillian, and black women with a strong sense of identity, and I love these women with all my heart. They've given me so much insight into their lives, history and perspectives, and have patiently helped me grow beyond the limited world I grew up in. They've shown me that they couldn't possibly divorce themselves from the rich and varied traditions that run in their families for generations & generations. . . and it would be a betrayal to even expect that. But culture and diversity aren't in the fundie dictionary, where life is all about uniformity and conformity.
Interracial marriage
My little Tennessee church in the hills refused to deal with the annoying, pesky subject of interracial marriage. I don't recall Bill Gothard giving an emphatic command one way or another, but families I knew regard mixed marriage with suspicion. It was one of those conversations that made people squirm and look awkwardly around the room (the same way talking politics at the Thanksgiving dinner table does). I do recall a woman reciting "do not be unequally yoked" ( 2 Corinthians 6:14), totally ignoring the rest of the verse which literally points to believers and unbelievers marrying. Furthermore, Paul's "There is no difference between the Jew and Greek because God is Lord of them all" (Romans 10:12) was also ignored.
Sue Welch was a pioneer woman of the homeschool movement back in the early 80's, along with Mary Pride. These women have been forgotten in the sands of time, but they propelled the Quiverfull/homeschool/purity movement forward through their publications called "The Teaching Home" and "The Way Home" (the latter was a favorite book of my mom's). Sue criticized a woman named Lindsey Seelhoff, publisher of The Gentle Spirit magazine, for not disclosing her interracial marriage to her followers. Apparently that was something they needed to know.
Ocassions like this are peppered throughout fundie history, making the topic of mixed marriage a widely unspoken taboo.
Kiss the culture goodbye
Ask any fundie "do you like other races?" and they will emphatically declare "Yes! All colors are precious in his sight!" The big problem is that fundies are lodged up their own rumps and don't pay attention, period. Their glasses are tinted. Their blinders are up. Their world is tiny. There exists no culture outside fundie culture. I remember those days like they were yesterday. Being trapped inside an echo chamber, a simulated reality, a mutual admiration society, a cult. Seeing nothing outside the lens of the Bible-according-to-x, and my own surroundings. As I've said before, this movement is primarily American, puritanical, and white. Dancing? Gone. Drums? Gone. Traditional holidays? Gone. Ethnic origins? Gone. Unconventional garb? Gone. Once you're swept up in the world of Chick-fil-A, outdated hair, and yearly pregnancies, nothing else matters but a pinteresty, beige, spiceless, tame, regulated, uniform, unseasoned, boring Jesus culture. And that version of Jesus is the one fundies can understand. The one who looks and acts like them.
Dancing is a crucial part of worship across the globe. . . a fact which makes the fundies' stance on dancing preposterous. They have ironically forgotten that Miriam and David danced to the Lord (not to mention all the other times dancing is mentioned in the Bible in a positive light). In this matter, fundies are comically inconsistent. Drums are evil, but blueglass and obnoxiously loud instumentation is permissible. Growing up, clapping hands and stomping feet was okay, but swaying your body was SuddenlySatanic. I'm guessing that's because, in Tennessee, we understand mountain culture. We understand getting down with a banjo and washtub bass. On the other hand, we do not understand getting down with snares and bass guitars. And in this neck of the woods, we call things we can't understand "evil."
On another note, my pastor derided women who cut their hair. Every woman in church was expected to have long silky hair tickling their waist (he once rebuked older women who cut their hair because it was thinning out). There was a family who adopted a little black girl, and did absolutely nothing with her hair. It was long and unkempt, broken and ripped at the roots. They combed it like they would their other daughters, and pinned it up painfully tightly after beating it with a brush. It was a sad sight. Looking back, that little girl's hair granted further insight into the fact that diversity was completely neglected and ignored.
I lost track of the guest speakers who told brave stories of visiting inner city kids, pulling them from the jaws of Satan (which of course, included that nasty hip-hop music and the baggy pants). Now I can't help but ask myself . . . did any of those men bother to learn from the inner city kids? Not in that fake condescending "bless your heart" way, but with one of genuine curiosity, interest, and an openness? Did any of them bother to acknowlege that, swept up in a world of poverty and police brutality, those kids' culture of art and freedom of expression was just as valid as any other?
Colonialism
We've seen the saccharine facebook & instagram photos of fundies posing with African props kids. Inspiring! The age-old American spirit of staking claim on every plot of land and people group is alive and well in Evangelicalism (a name which reveals as much. . . people who think it's their responsibility to evangelize the entire world). Fundie history is rooted in the spirit of colonialism. The Patriarchy is a heavy-handed, domineering force run by the majority, simultaneously keeping minorities down.
Any doctrine that teaches lordship of the husband and a chain of command is not a safe place for anyone besides the privilged majority class, and that's the fact of the matter.
Conclusion
According to TGC, "White fundamentalists constructed a theological world in which the norms for everything were white: white leadership, white biblical interpretation, white organization, and so on. White fundamentalists explicitly believed that black Americans were incapable of making a meaningful contribution to the discussion. Instead, white fundamentalists thought that black Americans as a whole were so impressionable and easily misled that it was white Protestants’ job to protect black Christians from theological harm. The marginalization of African-American preachers meant that, even if they had wanted to join with the fundamentalists, they could never be a full-fledged part of the movement." This during a time when black Americans were already contending with a whole host of issues that white Americans did not—racism, lynchings, segregation, oppression, and violence.
There is nothing wrong with being white, but there is something very wrong with expousing, as gospel, a worldview that is so grossly limiting and exclusionary that the vast majority of the world couldn't fit into it. There's something wrong with being shoved so far up your own smug self-importance that you attempt to erase other peoples' identities. And above all, there's something wrong with calling something "evil" just because you don't understand it.
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2019.09.28 06:40 RajaRajaC The Deindustrialisation of India and the myth of a stagnant Indian economy pre Britain

Note - This is purely about history and understanding history better, do not attribute political motives to this post.
I have oft seen observations (both on Reddit and on other forms of social media) that the Industrial revolution flowed thusly,
This theory, while logical, is simplistic in the extreme and precludes a lot of factors, some of which I will touch upon in brief.
Things all started to change in the 17th century. What changed?
The policy of Import and Export substitution (reversing the process of importing finished goods to importing raw material at cheap rates thanks to controlling the sources of production and exporting finished products to a captive market - chiefly India) was now paying off.
How did the Colonial Powers, chiefly the British pull this off?
Simple, through a process called War Capitalism, starting the 15th century and ending in the mid 17th century, these powers gained access to the three levers of production - Labour, Land and Credit.
Now interestingly, the great "enlightenment" which was basically a society based on laws which is held as a cornerstone of the development of the modern European states was only for the "inside" - that is, only for the mother countries. Those on the "outside"- that is, the occupied powers, there was no rule of law and this is exemplified by how the slave trade worked.
One of the three pillars as I have mentioned was labour. Now, labour was exceedingly expensive in the Colonial countries, and hence they turned to slave labour to produce the raw cotton needed to churn the giant factories. The payment for the slaves was made in...Indian cotton, and at the height of the slave trade (when an estimated 3-4 million of slaves were being traded), it was not money, but Indian cotton exports into Europe that was acting as the global currency to procure said slaves, who were then shipped across to the Americas where they were then worked, quite literally to the death to increase cotton output to feed the factories back in the mother countries, who then used this competitive advantage (and the tariffs and regulatory system to choke Indian Cotton) to slowly overwhelm the native Indian system of manufacturing.
As you can see above, the root of the "industrial revolution" and the great divergence lay not in some scientific superiority and human enlightenment, but on sheer repression - tariffs, gunboat diplomacy , cutting access to markets and creating artificial scarcity, slave labour that powered the giant cotton farms and finally outright colonial exploitation. Sure, great advances were made in the mid 1800's in manufacturing tech, but even till 1800 (when the "revolution" was supposedly well underway) the European nations could not even compete, nay even touch Indian Cotton production in any aspect and needed huge state intervention and slavery to even begin to compete.
I would also wish to touch upon the hoary old "what about the railways" argument and prove that the railways were built at a prohibitive cost and were seen as a solid moneyspinner for investors from Britain.
This worked almost like a protection racket - the British Imperial Govt attracted capital by offering a fixed return of 5% (sometimes more) on the funds invested. Now, when the Govt fell short of funds to pay back the investors (as they often did), the money was still paid back, but from Indian taxes, not from the Railway companies. By 1870, a good 20% of the British bourses came from railway infra shares.
It is also interesting to note that the cost of the railway construction was twice that of what it cost to build them in Canada or Australia (given the same terrain).
It is interesting to note some of the observations from that period,
The guarantee system has not served any purpose whatsoever, the undertakers of the railway are deprived of one of the greatest inducements of to economy, they know that whatever blunders they make, those blunders will not prevent their getting full interest on their expenditure.
All the money came from British Capitalists and so long as he was guaranteed five percent of the revenues it was immaterial to him if the funds he lent were thrown into the Hoogly or converted into brick and mortar.
A commission report submitted to the House of Commons in 1872 established the following costs per mile,
Now throw in the fact that all the equipment was imported from Britain (at a ruinous cost) and really, one begins to wonder, was the one supposed benefit of British rule even a benefit or was it just outright robbery under the guise of legitimate investments.
Some of my key sources are,
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2019.09.27 19:56 NoMoreNicksLeft Universal Decimal Classification and Martial Arts, attempt #2

Half a year ago, give or take, I made a "rough draft" post for a modification to UDC in regards to martial arts. I had the basics down, but didn't have the time to make it as comprehensive as I would've liked to do. This is my second, though not final, attempt at that. Some of the material is repeated so that there is no need to read both to get the full picture.

UDC and Martial Arts

UDC and Sports

UDC wants to put martial arts into 796.8. But wow is this messed up.
As with other narrow fields of study, librarians (being generalists) have trouble arranging and sorting this in a sensible way. But worse, for this particular category they've also lumped in weightlifting (796.88) and "tug of war" (796.896). Wtf.
Now, there's no reason why someone using this can't just sort the books/works better within if they feel the need, but the unrelated subjects makes this tough to do well. They've pretty much filled up 796, so I can't move those elsewhere:
796 - Sports, games, physical exercises .0 - Philosophy of sports (ethics, kinesiology, sports science, big grab bag of shit) .1 - Outdoor games and recreation (hide and seek or beachballs or whatever) .2 - Games of motion and skill with special equipment (darts, croquet) .3 - Ball games (most of the sports you'd guess) .4 - Gymnastics, acrobatics, athletics (this also has running in it in the track and field sense) .5 - Touring, walking, mountaineering, orientation sports, camping .6 - Wheel sports, cycling, roller sports (bicycling primarily) .7 - Motoring, motorcycling (Nascar, F1, etc) .8 - Combat sports, self-defense sports, heavy athletics, trials of strength .9 - Winter sports (skiing and ice skating, etc) 
Most of the rest of these are fairly sensible. Even if they're not perfect, the UDC designers are worldly enough to know that softball belongs close to baseball, and rugby close to American football, etc.
My strong recommendation is to move weightlifting to 796.48. 796.43 is "field events" like the pole vault and high jump, and there is no 796.44 or thereafter. Weightlifting would then include both competitive and training variants, along with bodybuilding (this is the same structure, just transplanted).
If there are books on "tug of war", they belong in field events as well, because apparently caber tossing belongs in that.

Organization of Martial Arts

Thus, 796.8 would become more properly just "Martial arts". This would include the sports variants (boxing, MMA), and for self-defense, but also those that were only ever militant/belligerent.
There are many ways to organize these, none of them ideal. One would be to group them by their region of origin. The problems with this are that it concentrates too many subjects into just one region (east Asia), while leaving other regions sparsely populated. Europe would of course have more than a few (fencing, for instance), but 80% are easily in the one region. Furthermore, it's not clear how to place some. Brazillian jiu-jitsu is one example. Does that go in Brazil (Americas probably) because its development proceeded there, or is it Japanese in origin since it's genealogically related to Judo and was started there by Japanese immigrants (possibly anyway, the history of some of these are muddled)?
Genealogy is also very problematic. Sambo (a primarily Russian martial art) is definitely related to Judo, since its founder was a student of Judo's founder and is very similar in its repertoire of techniques. But for many martial arts the history is so muddled that people are essentially guessing which school inspired which, which art influenced which. For anything prior to 1950, generally there is not enough information to do this at all. And it's probably a false path to even travel down... if I did have all the answers, you can't arrange the decimal system in such a way to represent it without deeply nesting these.
The 1950s also seem to be the nexus of other factors that complicate this. In the 1950s, various governments (for whatever reason) attempted to standardize their martial arts so that instead of dozens (or even hundreds) of obscure martial arts styles, they'd just have a single national style. For anyone wanting to find modern materials, this is easier in some ways (they'll have a single label to look for), but harder in others (rather than a few books on Tang soo do, there may be hundreds on Tae kwon do). For anyone wanting to find historical materials, these may need to be considered different styles/schools and separating them somewhat. South Korea isn't the only nation to perform this sort of consolidation, China did the same thing during that same era, attempting to create a singular wushu art/sport from the many older kung fu styles (many of which are still extant).
If subjects should be near others that someone browsing the library might enjoy discovering, then there shouldn't be a need for anything fancy. Someone interested in Okinawan karate will find ancient Greek pankration also interesting and so forth. But part of the utility of this is also that there should be a specific place for a specific subject so that those looking for a particular topic can find it. And also those of us organizing know where exactly to put it.
Thus, I split this into four major subcategories, those are:
796.8 - Martial Arts .81 - Unarmed arts .82 - Armed arts .83 - Equestrian skills .84 - [reserved] .85 - Fictional & legendary arts 
Unarmed arts will be those systems and schools that teach primarily unarmed martial arts, but does not exclude those who teach some forms with weapons.
Armed arts will be those systems that teach primarily weapons-based martial arts. One or another school of kenjutsu might teach how to throw a punch, or to toss someone on their ear or trip them, but easily 90% or more of the curriculum will involve weapons.
Equestrian skills refers to perhaps the most important art of all for a warrior, horse-riding. Now many of these skills are considered modern sport, and I would expect this subcategory to include many "see also 798 - Horse Riding" symlinks to that category. It would be up to the discretion of the library just which books/materials belonged in which, but 796.83 - Equestrian skills should definitely include such a link directly to 798. Also note, variations on this theme also belong here (camel riding, elephant riding, etc.)
Finally, I have separated out Fictional & legendary arts. Our interests are academic, I should think, and little can be learned if we mix in those poorly documented martial arts that are more legend than fact. These will be non-extant in that no one currently teaches them (or has in well-documented history).
Another bucket might be required here as well.
(51) - Martial arts periodicals 
This will contain titles like "Black Belt", but any other periodical that covers martial arts in general.
These subcategories will allow someone searching for a specific martial arts to narrow things down quite quickly.

Specific Styles of Martial Arts

To narrow it down even further, we need to discuss what constitutes a specific martial art. Some generic terms such as karate, kung fu, and wushu don't even refer to a particular style. At least in the English-speaking world, both karate and kung fu have come to be synonyms for "martial art", not necessarily even referring to one from a particular country or region. Wushu is similar in that it has incorporated forms from many Chinese martial arts but is the Mandarin translation of "martial art". It is somewhat muddled in that it also refers to a specific sport created by the Chinese government. For a similar word of English origin, consider "wrestling", which may refer to a specific sport (collegiate wrestling in the United States), or to something much more general.
Nor should a style be confused with a particular weapon. Kyudo is the word for archery in Japanese, but there are multiple schools that teach Japanese archery. They can't all be put into the same bucket, because a school that teaches that art might also teach swordsmanship, or the use of the spear. Works on that school will often cover everything the school teaches, and the school will consider all of these teachings as a single system. Conversely, English longbow archery can be considered a single school/style... those who still teach this have very similar teachings and wouldn't insist that a student who learned from another teacher start over from scratch if they started learning from another. There's a "sameness" that permeates that particular field of study.
For Japanese and Okinawan martial arts, often a particular style will end with the word "ryu", and transliterated names will often add that as a hyphenated suffix (Fusen-ryu). Modern Japanese arts that have been systematized don't necessarily follow this convention (Judo, Aikido). European styles (of fencing/swordsmanship) will often use the naming convention "X school of fencing", such as the Venetian school of fencing, though remember that this is a modern naming convention invented by those studying historical treatises.
These styles tend to be very region-specific with only a few exceptions. Globally-practiced sports like boxing being the some of the few. To further narrow things down, I strongly recommend subcategories for the various regions of the world, and within those, also for the countries that comprise those regions. If a martial art belongs to the region itself and not a narrower geographic area, the leading 0 has been reserved for the entirety of the region. East Asian martial arts are therefor in closer proximity to each other, etc.

Full Classification Schema

Thus I present the following. Keep in mind that it is not 100% comprehensive, and I leave some styles unnumbered so that I don't have to renumber them if I include others in the middle. Most of these will be alphabetized, but those which are the most popular (and have many, many more works referring to them) ignore alphabetization and skip to the front of the line (Judo, etc).
796.8 - Martial arts .81 - Unarmed arts (potentially incorporating weapons) .810 - Global .1 - Boxing .101 - London Prize Ring Rules .102 - Marquess of Queensberry Rules .103 - Modern, WBA/WBC/IBF/WBO .811 - East Asia & Southeast Asia .1 - Japan .101 - Sumo .102 - Judo .103 - Aikido .104 - Shorinji Kempo .105 - Kyokushin - Asayama Ichiden-ryu - Ashihara Kaikan - Byakuren Kaikan - Daito-ryu Aiki-jujutsu - Fusen-ryu - Hontai Yoshin-ryu - Kashima-ryu - Kukishin-ryu - Kyushin-ryu - Seidokaikan - Sekiguchi-ryu - Shidokan - Shindo Yoshin-ryu - Shito-ryu - Shorinjiryu Kenkokan - Shudokan - Shukokai - Sosuishi-ryu - Takenouchi-ryu - Tatsumi-ryu - Tenjin Shinyo-ryu - Tennen Rishin-ryu - Wado-ryu - Yagyu Shingan-ryu - Yoseikan-ryu .2 - Okinawa .201 - Shotokan .202 - Goju-ryu - Chito-ryu - Gensei-ryu - Isshin-ryu - Matsubayashi-ryu - Motobu-ryu - Ryuei-ryu - Shohei-ryu - Shorin-ryu - Toon-ryu - Uechi-ryu/Pangai-noon - Naha-te - Shuri-te - Tōde - Tomari-te .3 - Korea .301 - Taekwondo .302 - Hapkido .303 - Taekkyeon .304 - Tang Soo Do/Soo Bahk Do .305 - Hwa Rang Do .306 - Subak .307 - Ssireum .308 - Won Hwa Do .4 - China .401 - Wushu Taolu .402 - Sanda/Sanshou .403 - Shaolin Quan .404 - Tai ji Quan .405 - Wing Chun - Baguazhang - Bai He Quan (Fujian White Crane) - Baimei Quan - Changquan - Choy Gar - Choy Li Fut - Gouquan (Dog Kung Fu) - Hak Fu Mun - Hung Ga - Jow Ga - Lau Gar - Liuhebafaquan - Long Xing Quan (Dragon) - Mok Gar - Nan Pai Tanglang (Southern Praying Mantis) - Ng Ying - Wuzuquan - Xing Yi Quan - Ying Zhao Pai (Eagle Claw) .7 - Mongolia & Eastern Russia .701 - Bokh .8 - Thailand & Mynamar (Burma) .801 - Muay Thai .802 - Lethwei .803 - Bando .804 - Naban .9 - Vietnam, Laos, & Cambodia .901 - Cuong Nhu .902 - Khmer Bokator .903 - Nhat Nam .904 - Pradal Serey .905 - Tam Qui Khi-Kong .906 - Vo thuat Binh Dinh .907 - Vovinam .812 - Maritime Southeast Asia .1 - Philipines .101 - Pangamot/Panantukan .102 - Dumog/Buno .103 - Sikaran .2 - Malaysia .3 - Indonesia .301 - Silat .302 - Tarung Derajat .303 - Sisemba .813 - Asia .1 - India .101 - Kalaripayattu .102 - Gatka .2 - Pakistan & Afghanistan .3 - Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet, & Bangladesh .4 - Turkemenistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, & Kyrgyzstan - Kurash .5 - Kazakhstan .814 - Middle East .1 - Israel, Lebanon, Palestine, Sinai .110 - Krav Maga .2 - Saudi Arabia .3 - Syria, Jordan, Iraq, & Kuwait .4 - Iran .5 - Yemen, Oman, & UA .815 - Europe .001 - Greco-Roman wrestling .10 - British Isles .101 - Defendu .102 - Bartitsu .11 - Spain & Portugal .12 - France .121 - Savate .13 - Italy & historic states of the Italian Pennisula .14 - Switzerland & Alps region .15 - Low countries .16 - Germany, & historic Germanic states .17 - Poland & Lithuania .18 - Scandinavia .19 - Baltic state .20 - Belarus & Ukraine .21 - Russia .211 - Sambo .221 - Systema .22 - Czechia & Slovakia .23 - Austria & Hungary .24 - Romania & Bulgaria .25 - Bosnia, Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, & Slovenia .26 - Albania .27 - Greece .271 - Pankration .816 - Africa .1 - Lammb - Dambe - Donga - Tahtib - Nguni .817 - Americas .1 - United States & Canada - Enshin Kaikan - Jeet Kune Do - Gosoku-ryu - Shuri-ryu - Okichitaw - Danzan-ryu - Jailhouse Rock & 52 Blocks .2 - Mexico & Central America .3 - Carribbean islands - Juego de mani - Tire machet - .4 - Brazil .401 - Brazillian jiu-jitsu .402 - Capoeria .403 - Vale tudo .818 - Australia & Pacific islands .82 - Armed arts .821 - East Asia & Southeast Asia .1 - Japan .101 - Kendo - Hokushin Itto-ryu - Hontai Yoshin-ryu - Hoten-ryu - Hozoin-ryu sojutsu - Ikkaku-ryu juttejutsu - Isshin-ryu kusarigamajutsu - Ittatsu-ryu hojojutsu (does this belong here?) - Itto Shoden Muto-ryu - Jigen-ryu - Jikyo-ryu iaijutsu - Kashima Shinto-ryu - Komagawa Kaishin-ryu - Maniwa Nen-ryu - Mugai Shinden Kenpo - Mugai-ryu iai hyodo - Muso Jikiden Eishin-ryu - Muso Shinden-ryu - Niten Ichi-ryu - Sekiguchi-ryu - Shindo Munen-ryu - Shinto Muso-ryu - Suio-ryu iai kenpo - Takenouchi-ryu - Tamiya-ryu - Tendo-ryu - Tennen Rishin-ryu - Tenshinsho Jigen-ryu - Toda-ha Buko-ryu - Yagyu Shinkage-ryu .2 - Okinawa - Yamanni ryu - Ryukyu Kobudo - Matayoshi Kobudo .3 - Korea .301 - Kumdo - Shim Gum Do - Sib Pal Gi - Hankumdo - Haidong Gumdo - Gungdo .7 - Mongolia & Eastern Russia .8 - Thailand & Mynamar (Burma) .801 - Krabi Krabong - Banshay .9 - Vietnam, Laos, & Cambodia - Kbach kun dambong veng .822 - Maritime Southeast Asia .1 - Philipines .101 - Arnis, Eskrima, Kali .2 - Malaysia .3 - Indonesia - Mageret Pandan .823 - Asia .1 - India .101 - Kalaripayattu .102 - Gatka - Silambam - Huyen langlon - Vajra-Musti - Mardani khel .825 - Europe .011 - Sport fencing .10 - British Isles - English longbow archery - English school of fencing (Company of Maisters?) .11 - Spain & Portugal - Esgrima vulgar - La Verdadera Destreza .12 - France .121 - Canne de combat - French school of fencing .13 - Italy & historic states of the Italian Pennisula .131 - Italian school of fencing - Dardi school - Bolognese swordsmanship - Venetian school of fencing .14 - Switzerland & Alps region .15 - Low countries .16 - Germany, & historic Germanic states .161 - German school of fencing .17 - Poland & Lithuania .18 - Scandinavia .19 - Baltic state .20 - Belarus & Ukraine .21 - Russia .827 - Americas .1 - United States & Canada .101 - Firearm combat .83 - Equestrian skills .834 - Middle East .001 - Furusiyya .84 - .85 - Fictional & legendary arts .851 - Ninjutsu 
Work on African, Indian, and Chinese martial arts goes slowly, I would expect the bulk of future revisions to occur in those subcategories.

Auxillary suffices

.1 - History/biography of founder .10 - See also parent style "name of style" .19 - See also descendant style "name of style" .2 - History of style .3 - Philosophy of style .4 - Treatises and official works for style .5 - Unofficial works for style .6 - As sport .7 - As ritual 

Final thoughts

I've been working up a short bibliography of works that might be of interest to anyone considering collecting these. These include both printed books and digital ebooks. As always, if a work on the subject were in a popular video format (documentary, etc), I'd not include it in the Literature root folder at all, but make your own determination as to what works best for you and the users of your library. The end goal is, as always, to make it easier to find things you've acquired.
Please also check out:
https://www.wiktenauer.com/ - Many links to scans and translations of historical European martial art treatises

Bibliography (work in progress)

Miller, Rory. Meditations on Violence. YMMA Publication Center, 2008 (978-1594391187, vector pdf) Klein, Chuck. Instinct Combat Shooting: Defensive Handgunning for Police. CRC Press, 1986 (978-1498766913, epub) McGivern, Ed. Fast and Fancy Revolver Shooting. King-Richardson, 1938 (unavailable in electronic format) Fairbairn, W.E. and E.A. Sykes. Shooting To Live With The One-Hand Gun. Oliver & Boyd, 1942 (scan pdf)
Draeger, Donn. Classical Bujutsu: Martial Arts And Ways Of Japan, Vol I. Weatherhill, 1973 (978-0834802339, scan pdf) Draeger, Donn. Classical Budo: Martial Arts And Ways Of Japan, Vol II. Weatherhill, 1973 (978-0834802346, unavailable electronic format) Draeger, Donn. Modern Bujutsu & Budo: Martial Arts And Ways Of Japan, Vol III. Weatherhill, 1974 (978-0834803510, unavailable electronic format) Lee, Bruce. Tao of Jeet Kune Do. Ohara Publications, 1975 (978-0897502023, scan pdf)
Cunningham, Andrew Chase. Sabre and Bayonet. unknown, 1906 (unavailable in electronic format) Cunningham, Andrew Chase. The Cane as a Weapon. National Capital Press, 1912 (scan pdf) Imada, Jeff. The Balisong Manual. Know How Publishing, 1984 (978-0865681026, unavailable electronic format) Imada, Jeff. The Advanced Balisong Manual. Know How Publishing, 1986 (978-0938676072, scan pdf) Bitanga, Donald S. The Butterfly Manual. TCC Publishing, 1984 (unavailable in electronic format) Corbesier, Antoine J. Theory of Fencing: With the Small-Sword Exercise. Government Printing Office, 1873 (unavailable electronic format)
submitted by NoMoreNicksLeft to datacurator [link] [comments]


2019.09.15 00:30 downvotedcomment_ Wanna go down an inter-dimensional rabbit hole? (Part II)

Wanna go down an inter-dimensional rabbit hole? (Part II)

Read Part I first if you haven't already
INTRODUCTION:
The ultimate goal of this project was to obtain a better understanding specifically of the spiritual/metaphysical aspects of the pedophilia which is so inexplicably rampant amongst the highest echelon's of every society in the world. In the last post we explored the idea of this secret ancient occult knowledge and how it has been passed down amongst the rich and powerful in secrecy since the beginning of civilization. We found out in Part I that this "secret ancient occult knowledge" is actually just a Hermetic view of the world that is basically an understanding that the spiritual/metaphysical aspects of reality are not only real, but far more important than the simple material experience which we live everyday. It is no mistake that the term "occult" (which literally means secret or hidden) has been so heavily weaponized especially in the US, it is immediately associated with pseudo-scientific lunacy by almost everyone mainly thanks to Hollywood. This is what originally motivated me to begin this project, the mainstream's overt insistency that anything spiritual or metaphysical is to be laughed at was becoming a bit too obvious for me. This, paired with the obvious spiritual obsessions ie (symbolism, rituals etc) of the most powerful people in the world was really bothering me and inspired me to make these posts.
SECTION I: That which is apparent to our five senses is only a fraction of the human experience
.
  • Before we uncover the ancient roots of this malevolent immaterial force we have to solidify the fact that there is truly a metaphysical aspect to this reality. This is my expanded research on my claims in Part I.
First we must do a recap on the ancient origins of esoteric and spiritual knowledge. In Part I, we showed that an extremely diluted form of Gnosticism (a strictly metaphysical belief system) influenced each and every one of the mainstream religions practiced today. But what I failed to mention in the last post was the fact that Gnosticism was specifically derived from the Hermetic school of thought which gained popularity in ancient Egypt and is said to have originated far before the earliest of our known history. Hermeticism is said to be passed down from the ancients of the “lost land” and has been regarded as the oldest form of knowledge even amongst the ancient Egyptians who taught it and popularized it. The Hermetic Teachings are to be found in all lands, among all religions; this knowledge has been very carefully disseminated amongst the elites of various secret societies for generations upon generations. I recommend reading the first chapter of the Kybalion if you want a full picture of its origins.
-So why should we take Hermeticism seriously?
Here I will show that these unimaginably-ancient Hermetic Principles are constantly being proven in modern science through quantum mechanics
--Mentalism: The first Hermetic principle tells us that “All is mind, the universe is mental.”
This is now being explained by breakthroughs in quantum gravity, the field devoted to uniting Einstein’s relativity with quantum theory, as due to quantum information processing, which tells us that our spacetime is an emergent simulation. Elsewhere, experiments into the foundations of quantum mechanics, such as tests of the Leggett inequality, have actually falsified material realism. Recent discoveries tell us that spacetime emerges specifically from entangled information, the information generating quantum entanglement, the phenomenon wherein two or more particles affect each other at vast distances at speeds faster than light (Previously regarded as impossible by the Laws of Physics) .
Meanwhile theIntegrated Information Theory of consciousness, or IIT, identifies entangled information as integrated information or consciousness:
”Quantum entanglement and integrated information, to the extent that one cannot perturb two elements independently, they are informationally one
Putting these two together we see therefore that spacetime emerges from consciousness.The universe is after all a mental information construct inside of some greater consciousness, which is of course the same thing as the Hermetic Principle of Mentalism.


--Vibration: The next Hermetic principle ill cover, the Principle of Vibration tells us that: “Nothing rests; Everything moves; Everything vibrates.”
Modern physics exactly parallels this with the wavefunction. According to the Schrodinger equation in quantum mechanics, everything can be defined by a wavefunction that describes a quantum probability wave, which vibrates at a specific frequency.
--Interestingly, the parallels do not stop there. Other direct parallels specific to both quantum mechanics, as well as even more advanced physics exist. The Kybalion states that:
“if the vibrations be continually increased the object would mount up the successive states of manifestation… until it would finally re-enter The All,”
As it turns out, the frequency of an object’s wavefunction is directly proportional to the energy content of the object being described. So the higher the vibration of the object the greater the degree of its mass or energy content, just as described in the quote.
A discovery regarding the relationship between space and quantum entanglement demonstrated that spacetime behaves as a holistic pattern of entanglement known as a string-net, and that subatomic particles emerge from this string-net. This network of entanglements is of course a field of vibrating quantum waves.
String theory meanwhile tells us something similar. According to string theory matter and space are actually two descriptions of the same thing. This is shown by the fact that spacetime created by matter due to relativity shares the same vibratory frequency as the matter that generated it. The spacetime is merely matter at a different degree of vibration and vice-versa, exactly as explained in the quote.
  • I will stop these draining and complex examples here but this can be done with almost every one of the main Hermetic principles (check for yourself). How is this possible? How can the most ancient human ideas be explaining quantum theories we are just finding out today? In the next part I will show how the most complicated scientific theories in history have struggled with this problem.


Take this quote from the massively important CIA document ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF GATEWAY PROCESS

Important side note: The paragraph cuts off here and does not continue on to the next page. This paragraph on page 24 was titled “34. Belief System Considerations”. The next page is not 25 but is page 26 and the paragraph is titled “37. Motivational Aspect” obviously skipping the material which is most important to my argument
“...the universe which at least some physicists are now coming to accept is identical… with the one known to the learned elite in selected civilizations and cultures of high attainment in the ancient world.”
If you would like to see more connections with quantum theories and ancient occult ideas refer to these two posts of mine:
"The Soul"
"The Absolute"
--Continuing with Modern scientists struggles with the relation between ancient knowledge and modern quantum theories we have learned in the last century

Werner Heisenberg:
Quote from Tao of Physics
“I had several discussions with Heisenberg. I lived in England then [circa 1972], and I visited him several times in Munich and showed him the whole manuscript chapter by chapter. He was very interested and very open, and he told me something that I think is not known publicly because he never published it. He said that he was well aware of these parallels. While he was working on quantum theory he went to India to lecture and was a guest of Tagore**. He talked a lot with Tagore about Indian philosophy. Heisenberg told me that these talks had helped him a lot with his work in physics, because they showed him that all these new ideas in quantum physics were in fact not all that crazy. He realized there was, in fact, a whole culture that subscribed to very similar ideas. Heisenberg said that this was a great help for him.** Niels Bohr had a similar experience when he went to China.”
Erwin Schrödinger:
“Nirvana is a state of pure blissful knowledge… It has nothing to do with the individual. The ego or its separation is an illusion. Indeed in a certain sense two ‘I”s are identical namely when one disregards all special contents — their Karma. The goal of man is to preserve his Karma and to develop it further… when man dies his Karma lives and creates for itself another carrier.
“In itself, the insight is not new. The earliest records, to my knowledge**, date back some 2500 years or more... the recognition** ATMAN = BRAHMAN (the personal self equals the omnipresent, all-comprehending eternal self) was in Indian thought considered, far from being blasphemous, to represent the quintessence of deepest insight into the happenings of the world.

Niels Bohr:
“For a parallel regarding to the lesson regarding the limited applicability of such customary idealizations, we must in fact turn to quite other branches of science, such as psychology, or even to that kind of epistemological problems with which already thinkers like Buddha and Lao Tse have been confronted, when trying to harmonize our position as spectators and actors in the great drama of existence.”
In the psychophysical parallelism, as envisaged by Leibniz and Spinoza, has obtained a wider scope through the development of atomic physics, which forces us to an attitude towards the problem of explanation recalling ancient wisdom, that when searching for harmony in life one must never forget that in the drama of existence we are ourselves both actors and spectators.
Bohr adopted the yin yang symbol as part of his family coat of arms when he was knighted in 1947.
Wolfganf Pauli*: He viewed that the acquisition of knowledge in mathematics or quantum physics “gives rise, however, to a situation transcending natural science” that can even acquire a “religious function” in human experience. This is not a belief in the religions of old, but as Pauli states “I do not believe in the possible future of mysticism in the old form.* However, I do believe that the natural sciences will out of themselves bring forth a counter pole in their adherents, which connects to the old mystic elements.”
Alber Einstein: This [the theories connecting ancient mysticism with modern quantum mechanics] led to Einstein’s famous attempt at “breaking” quantum physics, the EPR paradox. At first a thought experiment which appeared to demonstrate quantum physics violating the seemingly well established principle of locality, later experiments showed that quantum physics instead proved locality to be false, therefore collapsing the laws of physics.
Violations of locality and determinism seemed to bother Einstein greatly, and this can be seen in his famous quote objecting to the randomness involved in wave function collapse under Bohr’s interpretation, that “God does not play dice”.
Einstein wrote in his autobiography:
“All my attempts to adapt the theoretical foundation of physics to this new type of knowledge (quantum mechanics) have failed completely. It was as if the ground had been pulled out from under one, with no firm foundation to be seen anywhere, upon which one could have built.”
Keynote: I am by no means claiming that these scientists have “cracked the code” of ancient mysticism or have indefinitely solidified a scientifically proven connection between these ancient ideologies and modern physics. I am not even saying that these scientists fully believed the point im trying to prove her at all. But let's just assume for a second that what I am arguing is true, these ancient Hermetic texts have divine origins and are a correct philosophical interpretation of the intertwined physical and metaphysical reality of the universe. If this was the case wouldn't it be safe to predict that the most intelligent minds, attempting to understand the laws of the universe, in modern history would be in a constant intellectual struggle with these ideas throughout their career? Well, know we know that they have been.
Now let’s look at the physicists behind the CIA and KGB during the Cold War:
-- Because of the Cold War, accounts of alleged psychic abilities (extrasensory perception, as in telepathy, precognition, clairvoyance, psychokinesis, a.k.a. telekinesis, and psychometry) could no longer be ignored by the US and USSR intelligence agencies out of fear of losing a competitive edge. Experiments and tests on people with these abilities were abundant at this time, thankfully coming along with an overwhelming amount of scientific literature trying to figure out how the hell this was even possible. It soon became obvious that well.. it wasn’t, well at least not within our current laws of physics, we obviously needed to reevaluate our current understanding of physics just like Einstein in that quote. This called for scientists to start taking the theories of quantum mechanics seriously. Quantum mechanics ended up being the first field of study which could offer natural explanations for these phenomena.
--The significant results of the findings in the document ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF GATEWAY PROCESS, showed that the only way to naturally explain this kind of paranormal/esoteric phenomena, scientists view the universe through the Holographic Universe Theory.
We know from the last post that there is as much evidence behind the holographic universe theory as there is behind the current big bang theory, I elaborated on this in Part 1.
--There becomes a point where, both physicists and us a society, have to be either all in on this holographic theory of the universe or just discredit it altogether. There simply is no other way to explain the paranormal phenomena which people around the world are conducting. The problem with going “all in” with this theory is that it tears down everything that we know, again just like we saw Einstein stressing in his quote.
This is best exemplified in a CIA document showing a Soviet Scientist, tasked with constructing a quantum theory of reality. He states:
“The repeated attempt to construct a quantum theory of field.. that would not be purley illusory and in which it would not be necessary to physically absurd consequences*, have not been met with success”*
Read The Paraphysics Warsaw Pact to see how real paranormal abilities are

SECTION II: What exactly am I looking for?

  • Now that I have laid out my expanded argument for the reality of the metaphysical/spiritual nature of the universe, It is time to tie back in to the ultimate goal of this project.
To tie back into Part I, we must understand that all of those in power have a complete and total understanding of the Hermetic spiritual nature of the universe which they have actively and purposely hidden from the masses over generations. Those in power have used this spiritual/metaphysical knowledge to their advantage in order to maintain ultimate and total dominance over the world and its inhabitants.
So where does the evil that embodies these elite tie in?:
Going back to Robert Bernard; here he explains how spirituality came into play during his time as a top player in this international crime syndicate:
“Then you start to discover that there is much more than what I call the 4 dimensions, you have length, width, height, and time… but then you start to discover that we are the cross point of multi-dimensions and frequencies.. You start to sense that there is really something going on in the other frequencies and dimensions and then you start also to know that there are low frequency beings, what we call now the fallen angels or the Djinn, who are really serving a sort of master… a dark manifestation entity known as Lucifer… We really have to face the fact that besides the 4 dimensions we have this interaction with other intellects, other beings.. And the ones I was serving (negative manifestation Lucifer) was real- it was not a joke, including the sacrifice of children everything was real.
I also came across a reference to these evil entities in the book The Vatican Exposed
“The scoundrels we study remain even to this day some of the most accomplished matter deceivers in western history. The fraud and masquerade we encounter in these pages is not only a product of a particular conspiracy or cabal it is older than the pyramids and of institutional character. They are two-faced operators, for whom double-thinking and double-dealing are second nature..to an immensity greater than we can imagine. We are in the presence of the servants of an intelligence almost without limit; and second only to God”

Once again an immaterial evil force was mentioned by the Vatican’s top exorcist Father Gabriel Amorth:
According to The Times, Amorth blames "cardinals who do not believe in Jesus, and bishops who are linked to the Demon".
Father Gabriele Amorth, who according to The Times is president of honour of the Association of Exorcists, said the Vatican's current problems - including recurrent child abuse allegations and a brewing gay prostitution scandal - can be largely attributed to Lucifer's visitation at the Vatican.

Main Point: What the fuck are all these different sources talking about? I was so goddamn lost at this point in my research but at the same time absolutely positive(my opinion) that these consistent allusions to this immaterial force, couldn't just all be bullshit, there is an active evil presence playing out malevolent events in our world to serve a higher spiritual being and I was not going to stop until I found out what it was.

Section III: The ancient descriptions of this immaterial force

  • My search for information regarding these malevolent beings started with the ancient accounts of these forces in various ancient cultures. Here is what I came up with:
Like with most of this project I will start with the most ancient description I can find which, again, is the Gnostics, this is how they describe these malevolent spiritual forces which they call Archons:
Archons:
-They are cyborgs inhabiting the planetary system (exclusive of the earth, sun and moon), which is **described as a virtual world (**stereoma) they construct by imitating the geometric forms emanated from the Pleroma, the realm of the Generators, the Cosmic Gods.
-Archons are said to feel intense envy toward humanity because we possess the intentionality they lack
-Have no empathy, feed off of negative emotions, have no creative ability
-Archons are an alien force that intrudes subliminally upon the human mind and deviates our intelligence away from its proper and sane applications.
-Archons are psycho-spiritual parasites**.**
-The risk they pose by invading our mental software is far greater than any physical risk they might pose by erratically breaching the biosphere.
-Because the Archons need human complicity to gain power over humankind, any one who assists them can be considered a kind of Archon, an accessory.
-Working through telepathy and suggestion, the Archons attempt to deviate us from our proper course of evolution. Their most successful technique is to use religious ideology to insinuate their way of thinking and, in effect, substitute their mind-set for ours.
Keynote: to quickly summarize here, an Archon is a parasitic, cyborg, alien/foreign intruder. They are envious of certain human traits, attach to hosts, and have telepathic powers at their dispense. Really think about the meaning of these ideas, especially the bold terms, before moving on to the next section.

  • Now we are going to take a look at various ancient religions from different time periods and cultures and read their descriptions of this immaterial evil force. Keep your eyes out for the similarities!
--Quran-Djinn(specifically referenced by Ronald Bernard): Djinn are capable of possessing human beings. They are said to enter the bloodstream and circulate rapidly through the body. They cause mental and physical problems, and also disrupt marriages and relationships. Asking a Djinn to leave, or bargaining with it, may not be enough to get it to go, and someone who is trained may be needed to perform an exorcism to get it out of the body.
According to Islamic writings, Djinn live alongside other creatures but form a world other than that of mankind. Though they see us they cannot be seen. Characteristics they share with human beings are intellect and freedom to choose between right and wrong and between good and bad, but according to the Qur'an their origin is different from that of man

-- Mesopotamian Toltec-The Allies: . The Allies lack a brain, which means they have no factory to create emotions, but they need the ethereal energy of emotions to sustain their life. Allies push humans to create traumas in order to create fear, which they feed upon.”
The Allies must then convert emotion into the negative emotion on which they feed. He explained that the Allies had no mechanism to produce the negative emotional energy themselves. They had to turn human emotional energy into negative energy before they could harvest it. In order to turn human emotion negative, the Allies are capable of putting fearful thoughts into the minds of humans which in turn generates the negative emotion on which they feed. These entities are attracted to negative emotional energy much as sharks are to blood.

--Wetiko-Native Americans: Wetiko is an Algonquin word for a cannibalistic spirit that is driven by greed, excess, and selfish consumption (in Ojibwa it is windigo, wintiko in Powhatan). It deludes its host into believing that cannibalizing the life-force of others (others in the broad sense, including animals and other forms of life) is a logical and morally upright way to live.
-Wetiko short-circuits the individual’s ability to see itself as an enmeshed and interdependent part of a balanced environment and raises the self-serving ego to supremacy. It is this false separation of self from nature that makes this cannibalism, rather than simple murder.
-Wetiko can describe both the infection and the body infected; a person can be infected by wetiko or, in cases where the infection is very advanced, can personify the disease: ‘a wetiko.’ This holds true for cultures and systems; all can be described as being wetiko if they routinely manifest these traits.

--Chitauri - Ancient African: -The Chitauri are an evil extraterrestrial race of shape-shifting humanoids
- We are told the Chitauri feed on the energy that we give them. They make us fight against each other, and when the whole world is drowning in death, fear, and terror, the Chitauri get fed by the dark power which is brought out when humans destroy the planet on which they live. They are fed when human minds think at certain levels. We are told they want us to think at certain levels and they reward us with long lives.
--E’epa-Hawaii: The e'epa are mental forces that have the ability to intrude into the human mind. They operate through subterfuge and psychic stealth.
They are adversaries who are drawn to humans because they wish to acquire our human capacity for creative imagination. Humans are creators, and they are not. Because of this, the deceivers will always be thwarted by the superiority of our human species."

--Bible-Demons: Demons have the ability to possess people*. These fallen angels are what the Bible refers to as demons.* Demons are able to take shape, form and be visible to humans (Job 4:15). Demons may be exercised, or driven out, from a possessed person. However, this may be dangerous if not followed by stringent cleaning and discipleship. Without proper spiritual care, the person might then be open for a seven-fold infestation (Matthew 12:45).
Demons confuse the truth by utilizing demonic lies and half-truths (1 John 4:4).Those who worship idols and pagan gods are really worshipping and sacrificing to demons. Demons live to deceive people into worshipping themselves (1 Corinthians 10:20-21). The Bible teaches that demons can inhabit animals and people (Matthew 8:31)
--Zuswazi Africa-Zulu:
And, it is further said that these Zuswazi, these Imbulu, or whatever you choose to call them, are not capable of eating solid food. They either eat human blood, or they eat that power, the energy that is generated when human beings, on the surface of the Earth, are fighting and killing each other in large numbers.
Main point: How is it possible that all of these cultures from all over the world from entirely different time periods are describing the same force with the same characteristics? There has got to be some reality to this, something more than simply primitive fairytale like we are taught. So I researched…

Section IV: Modern Descriptions of this evil inter-dimensional force
  • ---By this point I knew I was on to something, I used these descriptions to search for other accounts of these forces. The first similar and reliable I came across was the work of gifted Austrian Philosopher Rudolph Steiner(1861-1925)who was a stand philosopher and academic of his time. Steiner states:
There are beings in the spiritual realms for whom anxiety and fear emanating from human beings offer welcome food. When humans have no anxiety and fear, then these creatures starve.” declared Steiner. “These beings are hostile towards humanity …and they become more and more powerful (from this negative human energy nutrition) …launching cruel attacks on human beings.
“Therefore,” says Steiner, “it is above all necessary… that the person who enters the spiritual world overcomes fear, feelings of helplessness, despair and anxiety. These are exactly the feelings that belong to contemporary culture and materialism because it estranges people from the spiritual world… to evoke hopelessness and fear of the unknown in people, thereby calling up the above mentioned hostile forces against them.

This wasn't enough for me, I needed some scientific backing, after seaching long and hard I came across this psychology study in the CIA FOIAvault by clinical psychologist Juilka Kiskos and Andree Samuel

The Abstract Reads:
“Clinical Psychology has not taken into account evidence provided by other areas of research that point to the existence of other levels of reality. Therefore, that which is not perceived through physical senses is often considered as being of a paranormal nature. The authors have observed that in some psychological disorders sometimes there is an ESP factor mingled with the symptoms, and which are only taken into account as a proof of "insanity".
-The entire study is dedicated to drawing a distinction between what doctors deem as “insanity” from actual clairvoyance experiences. The specific type of “insanity” we are going to cover for our purpose is the schizophrenia/”voices in your head” part of the study. These psychologists would employ “sensitives” or people with ESP to try and interact with these “voices” in some way. They turned out to be extremely successful and seemingly were performing ground breaking science that, unsurprisingly, we never heard about...
Here are some direct quotes from the study:
During the treatment of certain patients, we came across extraneous personalities*. These were named “Theta Agents” because the circumstances in which they manifest themselves led us to conclude they were deceased persons.”*
“As a working hypothesis, we consider that these entities exist in another level of reality or structure of their personality*, enabling us to understand and(page cuts off)”
-There are 4 different groups of Theta Agents that they categorized. Only one of them matched up to the description consistently allotted to us by these ancient cultures previously mentioned.
Category 3: “Theta Agents induced to harm patients by means of black magic”
https://i.redd.it/g7zekqa6tmm31.png
Now we are starting to get somewhere, The next place I looked for evidence turned out to be the more obvious one, with a lot more first hand accounts and expert testimonies… demonic possessions, which I previously believed were fiction.
-What many religions have called “demon/djinn/e’epa/etc. possessions” actually turns out to be a very similar if not identical condition as the malevolent “theta agent” described above.
There is undoubtedly a demand for the services of Exorcists which has been legitimized by the Vatican:
“In 1990, Father Amorth and five other officially appointed exorcists founded the International Association of Exorcists.By 2010, the organization numbered around 300 members from around the world, and although it was founded as an informal organization, the Roman Catholic Church officially approved its statute in 2014.”
--Father Gabriel Amorth did an exclusive interview on this topic which he required to be released only after he died, here are the highlights:
Q: Can you contact these entities, what do they say?
A: "Yes, through the patient, but in a strange, unnatural voice. If it is the Devil himself, he says 'I am Satan, or Lucifer, or Beelzebub. We ask if he is alone or if there are others with him. We ask when and how they entered that particular body. We find out whether their presence is due to a spell and the specifics of that spell.
Q: How do people come to be possessed by demons in the first place?
A: "I believe God sometimes singles out certain souls for a special test of spiritual endurance, but more often people lay themselves open to possession by dabbling with black magic. Some are entrapped by a satanic cult. Others are the victims of a curse."
--If you do not want to take the word of someone with religious presuppositions and biases I completely understand, neither did I. So here are the highlights from a Washington Post interview with Richard Gallagher, a board-certified psychiatrist and a professor of clinical psychiatry at New York Medical College (studied psychology at Princeton, Yale, and Columbia) Here is what he had to say:

"As a man of reason, I’ve had to rationalize the seemingly irrational. Questions about how a scientifically trained physician can believe “such outdated and unscientific nonsense,” as I’ve been asked, have a simple answer***. I honestly weigh the evidence. I have been told simplistically that levitation defies the laws of gravity, and, well, of course it does! We are not dealing here with purely material reality, but with the spiritual realm. One cannot force these creatures to undergo lab studies or submit to scientific manipulation; they will also hardly allow themselves to be easily recorded by video equipment, as skeptics sometimes demand. (The official Catholic Catechism holds that demons are sentient and possess their own wills*; as* they are fallen angels, they are also craftier than humans. That’s how they sow confusion and seed doubt, after all.)"
"But I believe I’ve seen the real thing. Assaults upon individuals are classified either as “demonic possessions” or as the slightly more common but less intense attacks usually called “oppressions.” A possessed individual may suddenly, in a type of trance, voice statements of astonishing venom and contempt for religion, while understanding and speaking various foreign languages previously unknown to them. The subject might also exhibit enormous strength or even the extraordinarily rare phenomenon of levitation*. (I have not witnessed a levitation myself, but half a dozen people I work with vow that they’ve seen it in the course of their exorcisms.)* He or she might demonstrate “hidden knowledge” of all sorts of things — like how a stranger’s loved ones died, what secret sins she has committed, even where people are at a given moment. These are skills that cannot be explained except by special psychic or preternatural ability.

  • While these expert accounts are extremely significant in their entirety, In order to keep this project moving forward in the direction I wanted, I focused on a specific aspect of these pieces of evidence: dark magic, spells, and devil worship.
---These mentions of dark occult practices seemed to be exactly the connection I was looking for to explain the evil nature of this international-mafia. They purposely create wars, disease, child killings/raping, because these are the greatest sources of the dark and negative emotions/energy that they feed off of. I will list the mentions of dark magic and occults below from the previous three sources:

CIA Psychology study: “Theta Agents induced to harm patients by means of black magic”
Father Gabriel Amorth: “ people lay themselves open to possession by dabbling with black magic. Some are entrapped by a satanic cult. Others are the victims of a curse."
Richard Gallagher: “In the late 1980s, I was introduced to a self-styled Satanic high priestess.. In our many discussions, she acknowledged worshipping Satan as her “queen.” She could tell some people their secret weaknesses, such as undue pride. She knew how individuals she’d never known had died, including my mother and her fatal case of ovarian cancer. Six people later vouched to me that, during her exorcisms, they heard her speaking multiple languages, including Latin, completely unfamiliar to her outside of her trances.
Keynote: The simple yet significant conclusion that can be drawn from these excerpts is the fact that these malevolent spiritual entities are not entirely random and out of control, there exists people and groups with the spiritual capabilities/knowledge to wield these negative forces for personal gain.
  • What other motivation could there be for all of this unnecessary suffering created by these people? Like of course you could say 9/11 and military conflicts were created for the financial and power gains, you could say that the globally organized and universally protected sex trafficking of children is just because these people simply enjoy the thrill of abusing and molesting children, or the suppression of world changing technology( e.g.Tesla free-energy) and cures for diseases is to prop up a future of their continual reign over the earth, etc. but thats not a good enough explanation for me at this point. There are plenty of other ways for these people to go about their business while continue to control the world but there is a direct link between the agenda of these people and maximum suffering and pain. What else can explain these people’s obsession with symbolism and ritualistic behavior? What else can explain the Luciferian churches and celebrations that Ronald Bernard alluded to and I talked about in part I?
--Take this quote from life-long clairvoyant Anton Steiger an outspoken advocate for the metaphysical realm and esoteric nature of our existence:
“When I see people in business or politics who are particularly trapped by the material world, for example, I notice that they no longer have any light bodies at all. In many of these people, the point of light at the heart chakra, which is otherwise always present, is no longer visible to me. Instead, I see something like a layer of ‘shiny tar’ around them in which a monstrous being in the shape of a lizard can be distinguished. When such people speak on television, for example, I see a crocodile shape manifesting itself around the person like in a concave mirror; I don’t see the light of their throat and forehead chakra.”

There is something different about these people, something inhuman, something immaterial. It’s time to wake up and realize that the material world is just a fraction of what we are meant to experience as humans. These elite fully understand this but use/hide this knowledge to serve the dark manifestations of spirituality through material control over every aspect of this world
Conclusion
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2019.09.09 23:14 Double-Parked_TARDIS I researched the origins of the first name (M–Y) of every contestant

Following up on my post two weeks ago, here is the second half!
Magdalena: From Ancient Greek, referring to a person from the ancient village of Magdala, the name of which derived from Aramaic magdala, “tower”
Maggie: From Ancient Greek margarítēs, “pearl”
Mamé: I got nothing! I really tried—I promise. At first I thought it was from French mamé, a less popular but still attested pet name that translates best as “grandma” or “nana,” and because Mamé was born in Switzerland (Geneva, specifically, which is a mostly francophone city) to West African parents—and because her sister, Coralie, has a French name herself—I thought that French could be relevant. It turns out, though, that things are less cut and dry. While Geneva and its environs have a French-speaking majority, Mamé’s parents are from Ghana, which has far, far less French penetration than many other West African nations have, with adolescent and adult French speakers constituting around only one percent of Ghanaians. Neighboring countries Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, and Togo all have French as at least one of their official languages, but Ghana only recognizes English as well as a bouquet of indigenous languages. I did find in this article (page 903) an individual named Mamé who came to Ghana from a village near Bamako in southern Mali, and Bamako itself has a population of which a bit less than half can speak French. So…I don’t know exactly what Mamé’s origin is, but it’s most likely either from a French or an indigenous West African source. I did not find any Arabic names that bore much similarity to Mamé, so I’ve ruled out that language for now.
Maria, Mariah, Marissa: see Anamaria in previous post
Marjorie: see Maggie above
Marvin: From Welsh Merfyn, perhaps related to mêr, “marrow”
Marvita: I’m guessing that it’s a feminine diminutive of Marvin (see above).
Matthew: From Hebrew Mattityahu, from matan, “gift,” and –yahu, “Yahweh” (compare Atalya in previous post)
McKey: Real name is Brittany (see Bre in previous post)
Megan, Megg: see Maggie above
Melrose: Real name is Melissa Rose. Melissa comes from Ancient Greek mélissa, “bee,” while Rose, interestingly enough, comes via Norman French from a Germanic name, *Hrothohaidis (from *hrōthiz, “fame,” and *haiduz, “character”; for the latter element, compare Alisha in previous post), but it was heavily influenced by the word rose, via Latin and Ancient Greek likely from Old Iranian. Melrose is in fact the name of a town in Scotland, and the name derives from an ancient Celtic source akin to Scottish Gaelic maol, “bald,” and ros, “peninsula.”
Mercedes: From Spanish, meaning “mercies”
Michelle, Mikaela, Mike, Mikey: From Hebrew Miykha’el, “who is like god?” (compare Annaliese in previous post)
Mila: Real name is Lyudmila, from a Slavic source akin to Russian ljúdi, “people,” and mílyj, “dear”
Mirjana, Mollie Sue, Molly: See Anamaria in previous post. Sue derives via Latin and Ancient Greek from Hebrew shoshanná, “lily” or “rose,” perhaps from Egyptian sšn or zšn, “lotus.”
Monique: Via Latin of uncertain origin—perhaps Phoenician
Naduah: An Anglo-American woman named Cynthia Ann Parker was given this name when she was adopted by the Comanche people. The name is an anglicized version of Comanche na-uhru, “was found.”
Naima: She mentioned that she was named for the John Coltrane song of the same name, which Coltrane named in honor of his wife, Juanita Grubbs, whose nickname was Naima. The name appears to be of Arabic origin, from na‘im, “bliss” or “delight.”
Nastasia: She even said on camera what her name meant, which was helpful! Nastasia is a variant of Anastasia, from Ancient Greek anástasis, “resurrection.” Remember how, in My Big Fat Greek Wedding, all the characters said “khristos anesti” during Easter celebrations? Same root.
Natalie, Natasha: From Latin diēs nātālis, “birthday” (or, in Church Latin, “Christmas Day”)
Nicole: From Ancient Greek Nikólaos, from níkē, “victory,” and laós, “people”
Nijah: I don’t know for certain because there is a lot of misinformation about this name online—it is in no way derived from a Spanish word for “water queen,” for starters (reina de agua?!)—but my best guess is that it is derived from Arabic najāḥ, “success”
Nik: Real name is Erika, which derives from Old Norse Eiríkr, from Germanic *Aiwarīks, “eternal ruler”
Nikeysha: Pretty sure this is an invented name based on Nicole (see above) and Keisha, which may be a variant of Keziah (see Kesse in previous post) influenced by various names ending in –isha (such as Arabic Aisha, Germanic Alicia, Latin Felicia, etc.)
Nina: A pet form of names ending in –nina, such as Giannina (see Giah in previous post), among many others
Nnenna: From Igbo, “paternal grandmother,” from nne, “mother,” and nna, “father”
Noelle: From French Noël, “Christmas,” from Latin nātālis (see Natalie above)
Norelle: I’m guessing that it’s an elaborative form of Nora, a nickname for Eleanor or Honora. The former comes from Occitan Aliénor, a name borne by Eleanor of Aquitaine, who was given the same name, Aénor, as her mother and was thus referred to as alia Aénor, “the other Aénor.” I’m unsure what Aénor means, but Wikipedia (so sorry) cites a German source that connects the name to a Germanic name, Adenordis, which may be a corruption of an earlier name akin to *Audamērijaz, “famous riches,” though I would need a better source to confirm this. (Compare the names Edith, Edmund, Edwin, and Edward, all of which derive from the root *audaz, “riches.” Also compare obsolete English mere, “famous”; the names Elmer and Wilmer; and the adjective Merovingian.) Honora derives from Latin honor, which means exactly what it looks like.
Nyle: Respelling of Niall, from Irish Gaelic, perhaps related to néal, “cloud,” or nia/niadh, “champion.” Interestingly, the name Nigel has the same origin.
Ondrei: A phonetic spelling of Andrée, from Ancient Greek anēr, “man,” with a feminine ending
Paige: Referring to a page, a young servant, from either Ancient Greek paîs, “child” (compare pediatrician) or Latin pagus, “(boy from the) countryside” (compare pagan)
Phil: From Ancient Greek Phílippos, from phílos, “friend,” and híppos, “horse”
Rachel: From Hebrew rakhél, “ewe”
Rae: Real name is Ashley (see previous post)
Raelia: Most likely an invented name, perhaps based on Rae (as in Rachel above) and Leah (see previous post)
Raina: A Bulgarian name—who would have seen that coming?—that is either derived from Latin rēgīna, “queen,” or the masculine name Radko, from the common Slavic word rad, “glad”
Rebecca: Via Hebrew from a Semitic root, *rbq, “tie” or “connection”
Ren: Not sure about this one. Ren said that her parents named her after Kevin Bacon’s character in Footloose, but I don’t believe the movie says what Ren is short for. My guess is that it’s short for René, a French name from Latin Renatus, “born again” (compare Natalie above).
Renee: From Latin Renatus (see Ren above)
Rhianna: Probably a variant of Rhiannon, via Welsh perhaps from a Brythonic name reconstructed as *Rīgantonā, “queen” (compare Raina above), plus an augmentative suffix
Rhiyan: An elaborative respelling of Ryan, from the Irish surname Ó Riain, perhaps from , “king” (compare Raina above), plus a diminutive suffix
Rio: From Spanish río, “river”
Robin: A diminutive of Robert, from the Germanic name *Hrōthiberhtaz, from *hrōthiz, “fame” (compare Melrose above), and *berhtaz, “bright”
Romeo: Via Italian from Greek Rōmaios, “Roman,” from Latin Rōma, “Rome,” a name of uncertain origin
Saleisha: My best guess is that it’s an invented name based on Sally (see Sara below) with the popular suffix –isha (compare Nikeysha above), but I did find that salisha is an imperative verb meaning “cause to pray” in Swahili, so…perhaps that’s something.
Samantha: Most likely either from Samuel (with an elaborative suffix) or from the same Semitic root as Samuel: *šm‘, “to hear”
Sandra: see Alexandra in previous post
Sara, Sarah: From Biblical Hebrew śaráh, “lady” or “princess,” which means “female (government) minister” in modern Hebrew, from the Semitic root *śrr, “to rule”
Seymone: Elaborative respelling of Simone, from Hebrew Šim‘on, from the verb šama‘/lišmo‘a, “to hear” (compare Samantha above)
Shandi: Shandar is an Urdu name that means “fabulous,” and Sháńdíín means “sunshine” in Navajo, but that’s not terribly relevant here. Various websites (that do not cite legitimate sources, if any) connect the name to Shannon, Shoshana, or Welsh Shan (see Shannon below, the etymology of Sue under Mirjana above, and Giah in previous post), but this is neither here nor there. The name seems to come from the Kiss song “Shandi,” which was featured on the album Unmasked, and the song was inspired by the Bruce Springsteen song “4th of July, Asbury Park (Sandy),” from the album The Wild, the Innocent & the E Street Shuffle. I thought for a hot second that Shandi was just an inventive version of Sandy, but then I found this book, which implies that the song was named after a singer named Shandi Sinnamon (not Cinnamon, as the book says), who was born Shandra. It’s not clear what Shandra means, but it may indeed be an inventive version of Sandy (see Alexandra in previous post). Whew!
Shanice: An invented name based on the elements Shan– and –ice that was popularized by the singer of the same name
Shannon: From the name of the river, from Irish Gaelic Sionna, perhaps related to sean, “old” or “ancestor,” a word with some derivatives in Irish that contain “wise” among their definitions (such as seanchríonna)
Sharaun: Real name is Brittney; see Bre in previous post
Sheena: see Giah in previous post
Shei: Real name is Andrea; see Ondrei above
Simone: see Seymone above
Sophie: From Ancient Greek sophíā, "wisdom"
Stacy-Ann: see Analeigh (for Ann) in previous post and Nastasia (for Stacy) above
Stefano: From Ancient Greek stéphanos, “crown” or “wreath”
Sundai: From Old English sunnandæġ, “day of the sun,” a translation of Latin diēs sōlis and Ancient Greek hēmérā hēlíou
Tahlia: Likely a phonetic respelling of Talia, from Hebrew tal, “dew,” and –yah, “Yahweh” (compare Atalya in previous post)
Tash: Likely a pet form for Natasha (see Natalie above)
Tatiana, Tatianna: From Latin Tatius, a Roman name apparently of Sabine origin
Terra: Variant of Tara (influenced by Latin terra, “land”), from Irish Gaelic teamhair, “hill,” though other authors associate Teamhair with Latin templum and Ancient Greek temenos, suggesting an Indo-European origin
Tessa: A nickname for Theresa, perhaps from Ancient Greek Thērasía, an island in the Aegean Sea that was once attached to Thera (aka Santorini), or perhaps from théros, meaning “harvest,” “heat,” or “summer”
Teyona: I’m guessing that it’s a phonetic respelling of Tiana, which can be short for Christiana (see Chris in previous post) or Tatiana (see above)
Tiffany: A variant of Theophania (yes, really), from Ancient Greek theós, “god,” and the suffix –phanēs, “appearing”
Toccara: Most likely from the Avon perfume Toccara, the name of which is apparently derived from Italian toccare, “to touch” (compare French toucher and Spanish tocar)
Victoria: From Latin, meaning “victory”
Xiomara: Possibly a variant of Guiomar, which itself is possibly derived from a Germanic name akin to *Wīgamērijaz, from *wīga, “battle” (compare Louise in previous post), and *mērijaz, “famous” (compare Norelle above)
Wendy: J. M. Barrie seems to have invented this name for the book Peter Pan, basing it on fwendy, a childish way of saying “friend,” but the name occasionally predates the book, and in these cases, it may derive from the Welsh word gwen, “white” (compare Jennifer in previous post)
Whitney: From Old English hwītan īeġe, “(by the) white island”
Will: From the Germanic name *Wiljahelmaz, from *wiljô, “will,” and *helmaz, “helmet”
Yaya: Real name is Camara, which has been a little tough to research. There is a Portuguese surname Câmara, derived from Latin camera, “chamber” or “room,” from Ancient Greek ultimately, but I can’t tell if Yaya’s parents—her mother has Brazilian heritage, by the way—pulled a Beyoncé (whose mother’s surname was Beyincé) and gave their daughter a variation of a family surname as her first name (it’s worth noting that her father’s surname is Johnson, and her mother’s surname is DaCosta, so…maybe scratch that theory). A few websites—without citing sources—claim that Camara means “teacher” in Igbo, but it very much does not; the Igbo word for “(male?) teacher” is onye nkuzi. However, Camara is an attested surname throughout French-speaking West Africa—where the Portuguese had some historical presence—so there may be a partial African origin here. I should also note that Islam is popular in West Africa, and Qamar is an Arabic name (meaning “moon”) that bears a passing similarity to Camara. That’s all I have for now.
Yoanna: see Giah in previous post
Yvonne: A French-ass name, indeed. It is derived from the masculine name Yves, potentially from the Germanic root *īhwaz, “yew”
Let me know if I've missed anything!
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2019.07.04 20:25 Waterfall67a Excerpts from Ivan Illich's essay, "Shadow Work" (1981). (Part 1).

Sources: https://mafiadoc.com/shadow-work_59d072d61723ddd7865befd7.html
http://www.philosophica.ugent.be/fulltexts/26-2.pdf (2.4 Megabyte pdf)
...
My interest is in that entirely different form of unpaid work which an industrial society demands as a necessary complement to the production of goods and services. This kind of unpaid servitude does not contribute to subsistence. Quite the contrary, equally with wage-labor, it ravages subsistence. I call this complement to wage-labor "shadow-work". It comprises most housework women do in their homes and apartments, the activities connected with shopping, most of the homework of students cramming for exams, the toil expended commuting to and from the job. It includes the stress of forced consumption, the tedious and regimented surrender to therapists, compliance with bureaucrats, the preparation for work to which one is compelled, and many of the activities usually labelled "family life."
In traditional cultures the shadow-work is as marginal as wage-labor, often difficult to identify. In industrial societies, it is assumed as routine. Euphemism, however, scatters it. Strong taboos act against its analysis as a unified entity. Industrial production determines its necessity, extent and forms. But it is hidden by the industrial-age ideology, according to which all those activities into which people are coerced for the sake of the economy, by means that are primarily social, count as satisfaction of needs rather than as work.
To grasp the nature of shadow-work we must avoid two confusions. It is not a subsistence activity, it feeds the formal economy, not social subsistence. Nor is it underpaid wage-labor, its unpaid performance is the condition for wages to be paid. I shall insist on the distinction between shadow and subsistence work[9], as much as on its distinction from wage-labor, no matter how vigorous the protests from unionists, marxists and some feminists. I shall examine shadow-work as a unique form of bondage, not much closer to servitude than to either slavery or wage-labor.
While for wage-labor you apply and qualify, for shadow-work you are born or diagnosed. For wage-labor you are selected; into shadow-work you are put. The time, toil and loss of dignity entailed are exacted without pay. Yet increasingly the unpaid self-discipline of shadow-work becomes more important than wage-labor for further economic growth.
...
What today stands for work, namely wage-labor, was a badge of misery all through the Middle Ages [14]. It stood in clear opposition to at least three other types of toil : the activities of the household by which most people subsisted, quite marginal to any money economy: the trades of people who made shoes, barbared or cut stones; the various forms of beggary by which people lived on what others shared with them [15]. In principle, medieval society provided a berth for everyone whom it recognized as a member : its structural design excluded unemployment and destitution. When one engaged in wage-labor, not occasionally as the member of a household but as a regular means of total support, he clearly signaled to the community that he, like a widow or an orphan, had no berth, no household, and so, stood in need of public assistance.
...
Until the late 12th century, the term poverty designated primarily a realistic detachment from transitory things [19]. The need to live by wage-labor was the sign for the down and out, for those too wretched to be simply added to that huge medieval crowd of cripples, exiles, pilgrims, madmen, friars, ambulants, homeless that made up the world of the poor. The dependence on wage-labor was the recognition that the worker had neither a home where he could contribute within the household, nor the ability to rely on the alms of society. The right to beggary was a normative issue, but never the right to work[20].
...
Until the mid 16th century[27], French poor houses were run on the medieval Christian assumption that forced labor was a punishment for sin or crime[28]. In protestant Europe and in some Italian cities which were industrialized early, that view had been abandoned a century earlier. The pioneering policies and equipment in Dutch Calvinist or North German work houses clearly show this[29]. They were organized and equipped for the cure of laziness and for the development of the will to do work as assigned. These workhouses were designed and built to transform useless beggars into useful workers. As such, they were the reverse of medieval alms-giving agencies. Set up to receive beggars caught by the police, these institutions softened them up for treatment by a few days of no food and a carefully planned ration of daily lashes. Then, treatment with work at the treadmill or at the rasp followed until the transformation of the inmate into a useful worker was diagnosed. One even finds provisions for intensive care. People resistant to work were thrown into a constantly flooding pit, where they could survive only by frantically pumping all day long. Not only in their pedagogical approach, but also in their method of training for self-approbation, these institutions are true precursors of compulsory schools. I have found a collection of thirty-two letters written by former inmates addressed to the workhouse in Bremen and published by that institution. Each one purports to be grateful acknowledgement of a cure from sloth by a successfully treated (schooled) patient.
...
All through the 18th and well into the 19th century, the project of Economic Alchemy produced no echo from below. The plebeians rioted. They rioted for just grain prices, they rioted against the export of grain from their regions, they rioted to protect prisoners of debt and felt protected whenever the law seemed not to coincide with their tradition of natural justice. The proto-industrial plebeian crowd defended its "moral economy" as Thompson has called it. And they rioted against the attacks on this economy's social foundation : against the enclosure of sheep and now against the enclosure of beggars[30]. And in these riots, the crowd was led, more often than not, by its women. Now, how did this rioting proto-industrial crowd, defending its right to subsistence, turn into a striking labor force, defending "rights" to wages? What was the social device that did the job, where the new poor laws and work houses had failed? It was the economic division of labor into a productive and a non-productive kind, pioneered and first enforced through the domestic enclosure of women[31].
An unprecedented economic division of the sexes[32], an unprecedented economic conception of the family[33], an unprecedented antagonism between the domestic and public spheres made wage-work into a necessary adjunct of life. All this was accomplished by making working men into the wardens of their domestic women, one on one, and making this guardianship into a burdensome duty[34]. The enclosure of women succeeded where the enclosure of sheep and beggars had failed.
...
[9] Subsistence. Should I use the term? Until a few years ago in English it was monopolized by the "subsistence agriculture", this meant billions living on "bare survival", the lot from which development agencies were to save them. Or it meant the lowest level to which a bum could sink on skid-row. Or, finally, it was identified with "subsistence" which, in turn, was identified with wages. To avoid these confusions, in my article in CoEvolution, part I, pp. 29-30, I have proposed the use of the term "vernacular". This is a technical term used by Roman lawyers for the inverse of a commodity. "Vernaculum, Quidquid domi nascitur, domestici fructus, res, quae alicui nata est, et quam non emit. Ita hanc vocem interpretatur Anianus in leg. 3. Cod. Th. de lustrali collatione, ubi Jacob. Gothofredus." DU CANGE, Glossarium Mediae et Infimae Latinitatis, vol. VIII, p. 283.
I want to speak about vernacular activity and vernacular domain. Nevertheless, here, I am avoiding these expressions because I cannot expect from my readers of this essay to be acquainted with "Vernacular Values". Use-value oriented activities, non-monetary transactions, embedded economic activities, substantive economics, these all are terms which have been tried. I stick to "subsistence" in this paper. I will oppose subsistence oriented activities to those who are at the service of a formal economy, no matter if these economic activities are paid or not. And, within the realm of economic activities, I will distinguish a formal and an informal sector, to which wage and shadow-work correspond.
SACHS, Ignacy et SCHIRAY, M. Styles de vie et de developpement dans le monde occidental: experiences et experimentations. Regional Seminar on Alternative Patterns of Development and Life Styles for the African Region, December 1978. CIRED, 54 boul. Raspail , Paris 6., attempts a similar distinction between true and phoney use-values:"Le hors-marché recouvre deux réalités fort différentes, les prestations de services gratuits par l'Etat et la production autonome de valeurs d 'usage... Les pseudo-valeurs d'usage n'apportent aucune satisfaction positive de besoin autre que la satisfaction de posséder plus." For background on this: SACHS, Ignacy. "La notion de surplus et son application aux économies primitives". In L'Homme, tome VI, no 3, juillet-sept. 1966. pp. 5-18; and EGNER, Erich. Hauswirtschaft und Lebenshaltung. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 1974. An interesting international seminar on subsistence has been held in Bielefeld: Universitat Bielefeld, Soziologische Fakultat, Postfach 8640, D-4800 Bielefeld.
[14] SCHUMPETER, Joseph A. History of Economic Analysis. London: Allen & Unwin, 1954. p. 270: "In principle, medieval society provided a berth for everyone whom it recognized as a member: its structural design excluded unemployment and destitution." HOBSBAWN, E.J. "Poverty" in Encyclopedia of Social Science. Pauperism arose historically beyond the border of the functioning primary social group ... a man's wife and children were not ipso facto paupers, but widows and orphans, who stood in danger of loosing their berth were perhaps the earliest clearly defined category of persons with a call upon public assistance.
[15] Medieval attitudes towards poverty and towards work. The attitude that people had towards the weak, hungry, sick, homeless, landless, mad, imprisoned, enslaved, fugitive, orphaned, exiled, crippled, beggars, ascetics, street vendors, soldiers, foundlings and others who were relatively deprived has changed throughout history. For every epoch, specific attitudes to each of these categories are in a unique constellation. Economic history, when it studies poverty, tends to neglect these attitudes. Economic history tends to focus on measurements of average and median calory intake, group-specific mortality rates, the polarisation in the use of resources etc ... During the last decade, the historical study of attitudes towards poverty has made considerable progress. For late antiquity and the Middle Ages, MOLLAT, Michel. Etudes sur l'histoire de la pauvreté. Serie "Etudes", tome 8, Publications de la Sorbonne, Paris, collects a selection of three dozen studies submitted to his seminar. POLICA, Gabriella Severina. "Storia della poverta e storia dei poveri." in Studi Medievali, 17, 1976. pp. 363-391, surveys the recent literature. On the cyclical experience of poverty in the Middle Ages see: DUBY, Georges. "Les pauvres des campagnes dans l'Occident medieval jusqu'au XIII siecle." in Revue d'Histoire de l'Eglise de France, 52, 1966. pp. 25-33. Some of the most valuable contributions have been made by a Polish historian: GEREMEK, Bronislav. "Criminalité, vagabondage, pauperisme: la marginalité à l'aube des temps modernes." in Revue d'Histoire moderne et contemporaine, 21, 1974, pp. 337-375, and, by the same author Les marginaux parisiens aux XIV et XV siècles. Paris: Flammarion, 1976. Translated from the Russian, a delightful book is BAKHTINE, Mikkail. Rabelais and his World. Transl. by Hélène Iswolsky, M.I.T. Press, 1971. In French: L 'oeuvre de François Rabelais et la culture populaire au Moyen Age et sous la Renaissance, transl. by Andree Robel. Gallimard, 1970. He describes how the poor projected their self-image in carnivals, festivals, farces.
[19] LADNER, G. "Homo Viator: medieval Ideas on Alienation and Order." in Speculum, 42, 1967, pp. 233-59, masterfully describes this attitude: the pilgrim, homo viator, placed between "ordo" and "abalienatio" was a fundamental ideal for the Middle Ages. CONVENGNI DEL CENTRO DI STUDI SULLA SPIRITUALITA MEDIEVALE. Vol. III. Poverta e richezza nella spiritualitti del secolo XI e XII. Italia, Todi, 1969, gathers a dozen contributions about the attitudes towards "poverty" which complete the collection of Michel Mollat.
[20] COUVREUR, G. "Les pauvres ont-ils des droits? Recherches sur le vol en cas d'extrème nécessité depuis la "Concordia" de Gratien, 1140, jusqu'à Guillaume d'Auxerre, mort en 1231. Rome-Paris: Thèse, 1961, is a full study of the legal recognition of rights that derive from poverty during the high Middle Ages. On the legal, canonical expressions given to these rights, consult: TIERNEY, B. Medieval Poor Law: A Sketch of Canonical Theory and its Applications in England. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 1959
[27] HUFTON, O. The Poor in XVIIth Century France. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1974.
[28] TAWNEY, R.H. Religion and the Rise of Capitalism, 1926. p. 254ff. argues that in England an hardening of the attitude towards the poor can be noticed in the late XVII century when poverty is first identified with vice. MARSHALL, Dorothy. The English Poor in the XVIII Century: A Study in Social and Administrative History. London, 1926. p. 20 ff., finds this hardening of attitudes only at the beginning of the XVIII century, but not earlier as R.H. Tawney. See also: MARSHALL, Dorothy. "The Old Poor Law, 1662-1795." in CARUS-WILSON, E. M. Essays in Economic History. Vol. 1, pp. 295-305. GEREMEK, B. "Renfermement des pauvres en Italie, XIV-XVlIo siecles." in Mélanges en l'honneur de F. Braudel, I, Toulouse 1973.
[29] KRUEGER, Horst. Zur Geschichte der Manufakturen und Manufakturarbeiter in Preussen. Berlin, DBR: Ruetten und Loening, 1958. p.598.
[30] Moral Economy. On the proto-industrial crowd: THOMPSON, Edward P. The Making of the English Working Class. New York: Random House, 1966, has become a classic. BREWER, John, and STYLES, John. An Ungovernable People: the English and their Law in the XVII and XVIII centuries. Rutgers Univ. Press, 1979, gather materials for the first major factual critique of Thompson. In England, at least, criminal rather than civil law was used by the elite to repress the crowd. Thompson's basic insight about the existence of a moral economy is confirmed by the new study. See also MEDICK, Hans. "The proto-industrial Family Economy: the Structural Functions of Household and Family during the transition from Peasant Society to Industrial Capitalism." in Social History, 1, 1976, pp. 291-315, so far the clearest statement on this transition that I have seen. Complement this, especially for new bibliography, with MEDICK, Hans and SABEAN, David. "Family and Kinship: Material Interest and Emotion." in Peasant Studies, vol. 8, no 2, 1979. pp. 139-160.
[31] Four issues on the division of labour that must not be confused. These four issues are intimately related, but cannot be clarified unless they are separately discussed.
  1. It becomes increasingly obvious that there is no proven correlation between education for a specialized function and the technical competence for the performance of this function. Further, the basic assumptions on which a socialist critique of a capitalist division of labour were built, have ceased to hold. See the introduction to GORZ, Andre. Critique de la division du travail. Paris: Seuil, 1973. In German: "Kritik der Arbeitsteilung" in Technologie und Politik, no 8, pp. 137-147; and GORZ, Andre. Adieux aux proletariat: au delà du socialisme. Paris: Galilee, 1980. Les forces productives développées par le capitalisme en portent à tel point l'empreinte, qu'elles ne peuvent etre gérées ni mises en oeuvre selon une rationalité socialiste ... Le capitalisme a fait naitre une classe ouvrière dont les intérêts, les capacités, les qualifications, sont fonction de forces productives, elles-mêmes fonctionnelles par rapport à la seule rationalité capitaliste. Le dépassement du capitalisme ... ne peut dès lors provenir que de couches qui representent ou prefigurent la dissolution de toutes les classes, y compris de la classe ouvrièrè elle-même ... La division capitaliste du travail a détruit le double fondement du "socialisme scientifique" - le travail ouvrier ne comporte plus de pouvoir et il n'est plus une activité propre de travailleur. L'ouvrier traditionnel n'est plus qu'une minorité privilegiée. La majorité de la population appartient à ce néo-prolétariat post-industriel des sans-statut et des sans-classe ... surqualifiés .... Ils ne peuvent se reconnaître dans l'appelation de "travailleur ", ni dans celle, symétrique, de "chômeur" ... la société produit pour faire de travail ... le travail devient astreinte inutile pour laquelle la société cherche à masquer aux individus leur chômage ... le travailleur assiste à son devenir comme à un processus étranger et à un spectacle.
  2. A new trend in the history of technology is represented by KUBY, Thomas. "Über den Gesellschaftlichen Ursprung der Maschine." in Technologie und Politik, no 16, 1980, pp. 71-103, (English version in forthcoming The Convivial Archipelago, edited by Valentina BORREMANS (1981). Summary of a forthcoming important study on Sir Richard Arkwright, the barber and wigmaker who in 1767 constructed the first spinning machine that could make cotton yarn suitable for warps. His invention is usually seen as a linear progress beyond Hargrave's spinning Jenny - at that time already power-driven - that could make yarn only for weft. Division of labour was not a necessary implication of technical improvement needed to increase production. Rather, increased productivity could not be exacted from workers without organizing technical processes in such manner that they also reduced workers to disciplined cogs attached to a machine. For a splendid introduction to the history of thought on the relationship between freedom and techniques see ULRICH, Otto. Technik und Herrschaft. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1977. Also MARGLIN, Stephen, "What do bosses do?" in Review of Radical Political Economics, VI, Summer 1974, pp. 60-112; VII, Spring 1975. pp. 20-37, argues that the XIX century factory system developed not due to a technological superiority over handicraft production, but due to its more effective control of the labour force that it gave to the employer.
  3. A third aspect under which the division of labour is currently discussed is the culture-specific assignment of tasks between the sexes. See next note 32.
  4. The economic division of labour into a productive and a non-productive kind, is a fourth issue which must not be confused with any of the first three. BAULANT, M. "La famille en miettes." in Annales, no ,1972. p. 960 ff. For the process see MEDICK, Hans. op. cit. previous note. It is the economic redefinition of sexes in the XIX century. I will show that this "sexual" character has been veiled in the XIX century.
[32] Division of labour by sex. No two non-industrial societies assign tasks to men and to women in the same way, MEAD, Margaret. Male and Female: A Study of the Sexes in a Changing World. New York: Dell Publ., 1968, especially p. 178 ff. Clear, to the point, and with good bibliography are: ROBERTS, Michael. "Sickles and Scythes: Women's Work and Men's Work at Harvest Time." in History Workshop, 7, 1979. pp. 3-28, and BROWN, Judith. "A Note on the Division of Labour by Sex." in American Anthropologist, 72, 1970. pp. 1073-1078. For illustrations from the recent English past see: KITTERINGHAM, Jennie. "Country Work Girls in XIX century England" in SAMUEL, Raphael, ed. Village Life and Labour. London-Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1975. pp. 73-138. A survey: WHITE, Martin K. The Status of Women in Pre-Industrial Societies. Princeton Univ. Press, 1976. For bibliography, consult WILDEN, James. The Family in Past Time: A Guide to Literature. Garland, 1977; and ROGERS, S.C. "Woman's Place: A Critical Review of Anthropological Theory." in Comparative Studies of Society and History, 20, 1978, pp. 123-167. This cultural division of labour by sex must not be confused with the economic division of labour into the primarily productive man and the primarily, or naturally, reproductive woman, that came into being during the XIX century.
[33] The modern couple and the nuclear family. The nuclear family is not new. What is without precedent, is a society which elevates the subsistenceless family into the norm and thereby discriminates against all types of bonds between two people that do not take their model from this new family.
The new entity came into being as the wage-earners family in the XIX century. Its purpose was that of coupling one principal wage-earner and his shadow. The household became the place where the consumption of wages takes place. HAUSEN, Karin. "Die Polarisierung des Geschlechtscharakters: eine Spiegelung der Dissoziation von Erwerb und Familienleben" in Sozialgeschichte der Familie in der Neuzeit Europas, Neue Forschung. Hrsg. von W. CONZE, Stuttgart, 1976. pp. 367-393. This remains true even today when in many cases all members of a household are both wage-earners and active homebodies. It remains true even for the "single's" home equipped with "one-person-household-ice-box".
This new economic function of the family is often veiled by discussion about "nuclear family". Nuclear family, conjugally organized households, can exist and have existed throughout history as the norm in societies in which the coupling of subsistence-less people would not have been conceivable. VEYNE, Paul. "La famille et l'amour sous I Haut-Empire romain." in Annales, 33 annee, no 1, janv.-fevr. 1978, pp. 35-63, claims that between Augustus and the Antonines in Rome, independently from any christian influence, the ideal of a nuclear, conjugal family had come into being. It was in the interest of the owners to make this kind of family obligatory for their slaves. In its aristocratic form, it was taken over by christians. DUBY, Georges. La société au XI et XII siècles dans la région maconnaise. Paris 1953, and HERLIHY, David. "Family Solidarity in Medieval Italian History." in Economy, Society and Government in Medieval Italy. Kent State Univ. Press, 1969. pp. 173-179, see the early European family typically reduced to a conjugal cell into well into the XII century. Then, a process of consolidation begins that is concerned mainly with land-holdings. Canon law has little influence on it. See also PELLEGRINI, Giovan Battista. "Terminologia matrimoniale" in Settimane di Studio del Centro Italiano per l'Alto Mediocevo di Spoleto, 1977. pp. 43-102, which introduces into the complex terminology, or set of terminologies, which are necessary to understand medieval marriage. See also METRAL, M.O. Le mariage: les hésitations de l'Occident. Préface de Philippe Ariès. Paris: Aubier, 1977. For the XVII and XVIII centuries I found useful ARIES, Philippe. L'enfant et la vie familiale sous l'ancien regime. Pion, 1960, and LEBRUN, François. La vie conjugale sous l'ancien regime. Paris: Colin, 1975. LASLETT, Peter. Un monde que nous avons perdu: les structures sociales pré-industrielles. Flammarion, 1969. Engl.: The World we have lost, find conjugal families typical for England much before the industrial revolution. BERKNER and SHORTER, Edward, "La vie intime": Beitrage zur Geschichte am Beispiel des kulturellen Wandels in der Bayrischen Unterschichte im 19 Jh." in Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie. Sonderheft 16, 1972, find nuclear families typical for South-Germanic peasants at a certain stage in the life-cycle when the old have died off. It seems probable that the extended family is primarily "the nostalgia of modern sociologists".
What makes the modem family unique, is the "social" sphere in which it exists. The O.E.D. gives among nine meanings the third as: "group of persons consisting of the parents and their children, whether actually living together or not", as a meaning that appears in the XIX century. Family-quarrels, 1801; family-life, 1845; unfit for family-reading, 1853; family tickets for admission for half the price, 1859; family-magazine, 1874.
HERLIHY, David. "Land, Family and Women in Continental Europe, 701-1200." in Traditio, 18, 1962. pp. 89-120. (Fordham Univ. N.Y.)
[34] The family as an institution of "police". In the subsistent family, the members were tied together by the need of creating their livelihood. In the modern couple-centered family, the members are kept together for the sake of an economy to which they, themselves, are marginal. DONZELOT, Jacques. La police des familles. Paris: Ed. de Minuit, 1977. Engl.: The Policing of Families, transl. by Robert Hurley. New York: Pantheon, 1979, follows and elaborates FOUCAULT, Michel. La volonté de savoir. Paris: Gallimard, 1976, by describing this as "policing" by which the so-called social domain is created ... the domain to which we refer when we speak of "social" work, "social scourge, "social" programmes, "social" advancement. According to J. Donzelot, the history of this domain, and the process by which it comes into being, namely "policing" can neither be identified with traditional political history, nor with the history of popular culture. It represents a bio-political dimension that uses political techniques to invest the body, health, modes of living and housing, through activities which all were, originally, called policing. Doncelot's attempt to describe the formation of the "social sphere" will be better understood after reading DUMONT, Louis. "The Modern Conception of the Individual: Notes on its Genesis and that of Concomitant Institutions." in Contributions to Indian Sociology. VIII, October 1965.; also Micro-fiches, Presses de la Fondation des Sciences Politiques. The French translation: "La conception moderne de l'individu: notes sur sa genèse en relation avec les conceptions de la politique et de l'Etat à partir du XIIIe siècle." in: Esprit, fevrier, 1978. L. Dumont describes the simultaneous appearance of the political and the economic sphere. See also Paul Dumouchel's, op. cit. comments on Louis Dumont.
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2019.07.03 03:16 subreddit_stats Subreddit Stats: Anglicanism posts from 2019-01-25 to 2019-07-01 22:25 PDT

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  1. 2491 points, 248 submissions: Knopwood
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  3. 405 points, 21 submissions: banqu0s_gh0st
    1. A photo inside La Sagrada Familia, Barcelona. (Taken by me) (49 points, 17 comments)
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  4. 362 points, 15 submissions: Bede_the_Venerable
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  6. 244 points, 6 submissions: ag23thomas
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  8. 221 points, 6 submissions: revtrev92
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  9. 184 points, 26 submissions: swengunderblum
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    5. When asked to defend the historical claims of Christianity (miracles, physical Resurrection, virgin birth) so many Clergy today waffle. They downplay the need for believing and point to "broader messages" to avoid having to defend certain points. Is that Christianity these days? (14 points, 31 comments)
    6. We "do theology" but often it seems like we are working out mathematical or legal problems, as opposed to finding out what we really believe and what makes sense to us. (11 points, 12 comments)
    7. Exorcism in the Anglican Church. (9 points, 8 comments)
    8. What are some qualities or characteristics that you see in other denominations that you would be happy to see in Anglicanism? (9 points, 11 comments)
    9. Do the dead see us? Are they aware of the activities of the living? (8 points, 7 comments)
    10. After Same Sex Marriage, what will Anglicanism's next big challenge be? (7 points, 85 comments)
  10. 180 points, 11 submissions: CiderDrinker
    1. I think I've just been 'born again' after 20 years of completely missing the point. (44 points, 16 comments)
    2. Seven things I like about Anglicanism (feel free to add your own). (37 points, 28 comments)
    3. Happy Commonwealth Day to all of those who are Commonwealth citizens. (The vast majority of Anglicans worldwide are.) (26 points, 12 comments)
    4. A quick reflection on Notre Dame (23 points, 6 comments)
    5. Livestream of Rachel Held Evans' funeral. Nadia Bolz-Weber preaching; Winnie Verghese presiding. (16 points, 3 comments)
    6. A New World (9 points, 0 comments)
    7. HTB-plant to displace congregation in Cardiff (8 points, 2 comments)
    8. Primus, Presiding Bishop or Archbishop? (8 points, 23 comments)
    9. This is still a cracking tune for Low Sunday. (4 points, 3 comments)
    10. Polarisation, Hardening Political Boundaries, Lack of Open Discussion etc (3 points, 28 comments)
  11. 180 points, 10 submissions: Come-My-Fanatics
    1. Church leaders offer prayer and solidarity after New Zealand mosque attacks leaves 49 dead (42 points, 0 comments)
    2. Church of England attacks Home Office for saying Christianity 'not peaceful' to reject asylum seeker (35 points, 13 comments)
    3. Presiding Bishop Michael Curry wins top broadcasting award for Royal Wedding sermon (35 points, 1 comment)
    4. On the episcopate (23 points, 45 comments)
    5. Outdoor Statues (12 points, 3 comments)
    6. Who is your favorite Reformer? (11 points, 58 comments)
    7. Favorite Rowan Williams Books (8 points, 6 comments)
    8. Recommendations for the Caroline Divines? (6 points, 2 comments)
    9. Contemplative prayer (4 points, 2 comments)
    10. Does the National Cathedral charge for weekday services? (4 points, 9 comments)
  12. 174 points, 2 submissions: harryeu2
    1. I was confirmed in the beautiful Ely cathedral yesterday :) (106 points, 7 comments)
    2. A photograph of me with the bishop of Ely just after my confirmation ceremony (68 points, 10 comments)
  13. 164 points, 8 submissions: WhiteTwink
    1. A mystery that may never be solved (79 points, 32 comments)
    2. The real problems of church life (36 points, 8 comments)
    3. The Lord’s Prayer in Classical Chinese, bonus Saturday hot take: the Chinese Vestments Controversy is the height of vanity (22 points, 11 comments)
    4. How do you take the Eucharist? Intiction? Bread then Wine? Chewing? Pill Form? (16 points, 81 comments)
    5. How do you respond to the accusation: Monotheism is Atheism? (5 points, 39 comments)
    6. “For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required” is the inverse true? (3 points, 8 comments)
    7. My proposal on how to solve creationism vs evolution “debate” - Creationary Last Thursdayism (2 points, 15 comments)
    8. What is the common view of Historical Heresies in the Anglican Communion: ie Arianism, Nestorianism, et al? (1 point, 19 comments)
  14. 160 points, 2 submissions: jerzeyjohn
    1. Christ Church Cathedral (Nashville, TN) (81 points, 2 comments)
    2. Trinity Episcopal Church (Columbus, OH) (79 points, 6 comments)
  15. 153 points, 14 submissions: diverseandsundry
    1. Archbishop of Dublin welcomes return of stolen crusader head. (25 points, 0 comments)
    2. Should Deplorables receive Holy Communion? (19 points, 17 comments)
    3. Why TEC - and Anglicanism - needs the Articles. (16 points, 60 comments)
    4. Why we need the Litany in Common Prayer (14 points, 7 comments)
    5. Friday Hot-Take: Wafers are bad and are akin to separate cups. (13 points, 40 comments)
    6. “Take, Eat”: The Confusion of benediction of the Blessed sacrament. (12 points, 48 comments)
    7. The Loyalist Clergy's Case against the American Revolution (11 points, 15 comments)
    8. Today is the feast of the Blessed Charles, King and Martyr (11 points, 28 comments)
    9. "Very meet, right, and our bounden duty": does 1662 lack a coherent Eucharistic Prayer? (10 points, 7 comments)
    10. Liturgical Revision, Community and the Pax (7 points, 2 comments)
  16. 151 points, 6 submissions: KarlBarthMallCop
    1. Please pray for Rachel Held Evans (62 points, 11 comments)
    2. TIL Ann Davis, famous for portraying Alice on The Brady Bunch, joined an Episcopal community shortly after the show's end and remained for 38 years (25 points, 4 comments)
    3. Friday 🌶 Take: A social space can either be affirming or non-affirming, but it can't be neither (24 points, 42 comments)
    4. Very Good Sourdough Pancake Recipe (21 points, 0 comments)
    5. Friday 🌶️ Take: The veneration of saints and angels and the fear of demons and devils are quite often in practice functionally indistinguishable from polytheism (17 points, 40 comments)
    6. The Revolutionary Art of Listening - Stephanie Spellers (2 points, 1 comment)
  17. 147 points, 9 submissions: dolphins3
    1. Hillary Clinton: My prayers go out to everyone grieving the tragic loss of @RachelHeldEvans. She lived a life of generosity, justice-seeking, and inclusive faith. So many people were touched by her voice and her example. What a life and what a legacy. (46 points, 6 comments)
    2. Thirty six per cent of Anglican congregations have no parishioners under 16-years-old (29 points, 34 comments)
    3. In light of the arguing about same sex spouses at Lambeth 2020, I want to share my thoughts on what I think is a double standard (28 points, 1 comment)
    4. New Episcopalian bishop ordained at service in Portland (21 points, 1 comment)
    5. Damon Kelly: Self-appointed 'monk' bombarded priest with anti-LGBT hate mail (8 points, 2 comments)
    6. Does anyone ever wonder why Church Publishing has so many variants of the Book of Common Prayer? (5 points, 16 comments)
    7. A statement on the cathedral of Notre Dame from the Convocation of Episcopal Churches in Europe, The American Cathedral in Paris, and The Episcopal Church (4 points, 1 comment)
    8. Bishops consider response to Lambeth decision not to invite same-sex spouses to 2020 gathering (3 points, 2 comments)
    9. What do you think will happen after the Methodist special conference? (3 points, 1 comment)
  18. 125 points, 9 submissions: GusWiyams
    1. My first attempts at Palm crosses. A little messy, but I don’t think Christ would mind :) happy Holy Week my brothers and sisters. (82 points, 12 comments)
    2. The fire at Notre Dame is sad indeed, but we must always remember this: “For dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.” (10 points, 2 comments)
    3. Why is the Anglican communion not larger? (8 points, 25 comments)
    4. What even is “Celtic Eucharist?” (7 points, 28 comments)
    5. Does anyone attend a parish where they don’t do announcements during the liturgy? (5 points, 32 comments)
    6. How do y’all use the Daily Office? (4 points, 16 comments)
    7. Is Anglican liturgy more similar to pre-Vatican II Roman Rite, or the novus ordo mass? (4 points, 19 comments)
    8. Can anyone point me to some literature written by or about the Caroline Divines? (3 points, 5 comments)
    9. Can laity invoke the trinity? (2 points, 33 comments)
  19. 122 points, 13 submissions: 1Fower
    1. Opinions on the Legacy of King Henry VIII (19 points, 18 comments)
    2. Stained Glass Window for the United Prussian Church. Feels Like it also Sums Up Anglicanism (19 points, 6 comments)
    3. What do most Priest do on a Daily Basis? (17 points, 14 comments)
    4. Any good books and documentaries on the Church Of England, Episcopal Church, and the Anglican Communion (16 points, 3 comments)
    5. Cathedral of the Isles - Scottish Episcopal Cathedral in Great Cumbrae that is the smallest active cathedral in the UK (13 points, 2 comments)
    6. St. Mary's Episcopal Cathedral in Glasgow (9 points, 3 comments)
    7. Union with Communion Partners? (8 points, 25 comments)
    8. Does the Episcopal Church (TEC) have prison chaplains? (7 points, 4 comments)
    9. Most Evangelical and Anglo-Catholic Provinces (6 points, 18 comments)
    10. Books Reccomendations (3 points, 2 comments)
  20. 117 points, 14 submissions: OhioTry
    1. The Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion) has a very active YouTube channel. (27 points, 2 comments)
    2. Presiding Bishop urges clergy to talk with Florida bishop about same-sex marriage disagreements - Episcopal News Service (14 points, 1 comment)
    3. Archbishop Thabo Makgoba of Cape Town: Lambeth 2020 boycotts will not help anyone (13 points, 1 comment)
    4. Heresy accusations laid against Nigerian bishop-elect by senior ACNA priest - Anglican Ink © 2019 (11 points, 8 comments)
    5. The Abbey is right to honour submariners (8 points, 4 comments)
    6. What (Not) to Do with the Trinity: Doctrine, Discipline, and Doxology in Contemporary Trinitarian Discourse. By Daniel Wade McClain [PDF] (8 points, 13 comments)
    7. Electoral Synod unable to elect new Bishop of Glasgow & Galloway - The Scottish Episcopal Church (7 points, 7 comments)
    8. Global call to design new Notre-Dame spire (6 points, 8 comments)
    9. Personal Evangelism Samuel M. Shoemaker [PDF] (5 points, 0 comments)
    10. Pastoral Letter of Archbishop Paul Kwong [on anti-extradition to mainland China protests] (4 points, 5 comments)
  21. 115 points, 4 submissions: such_reddit_wow
    1. Happy Ascension Day! (58 points, 11 comments)
    2. Weather Forecast but It's in Anglican Chant (50 points, 3 comments)
    3. Pilgrimage to Canterbury (6 points, 1 comment)
    4. Anglican Patrimony in Moscow VirtueOnline – The Voice for Global Orthodox Anglicanism (1 point, 6 comments)
  22. 107 points, 7 submissions: peasantcore
    1. Why the 39 Articles cannot be the basis for Anglican identity (24 points, 29 comments)
    2. Friday Fun Take: I love that Augustine is the patron saint of both brewers and theologians (23 points, 13 comments)
    3. Designed for Mission: The Typography of the ACNA’s New Prayer Book (20 points, 5 comments)
    4. Liturgy and Individualism (14 points, 1 comment)
    5. Question for ACNA folks: what is worship like at most ACNA parishes? (10 points, 22 comments)
    6. ACNA 2019 BCP: No Chalcedonian Definition? (8 points, 9 comments)
    7. Friday Cold Take: When TEC updates the BCP, the new version should be much shorter than the 1979 (8 points, 33 comments)
  23. 106 points, 1 submission: VexedCoffee
    1. I'm back from my Lenten fast and I'm a deacon now! (106 points, 18 comments)
  24. 100 points, 6 submissions: interlocken
    1. St. Peter's, Rome, GA. Stained glass from the chapel. The church can be seen in the lower right. (31 points, 5 comments)
    2. This was given to me by a friend after our confirmation, anyone else have one or know about it? (19 points, 7 comments)
    3. Saint Charles Lwanga and his companions were martyred between 1885-87 for among many reasons, rebuking the king for his debauchery and for murdering an Anglican missionary, for “praying from a book". Today is their feast day, maybe just in RC tradition. (18 points, 8 comments)
    4. Labels contained within "Anglo-Catholicism" (12 points, 27 comments)
    5. Anglican influence on post Vatican II liturgy (10 points, 9 comments)
    6. Brotherhood of St. Andrew, Orders on the Episcopal Church? (10 points, 9 comments)
  25. 98 points, 2 submissions: tryingforsomething
    1. A new Anglican joins the fold (88 points, 8 comments)
    2. BBC News: Four women priests on a 25-year journey (10 points, 0 comments)
  26. 97 points, 7 submissions: cnumbers
    1. Same-sex spouses not invited to next year’s Lambeth Conference of bishops - Episcopal News Service (29 points, 65 comments)
    2. Communion must deal with ‘ignorance’ and possible schism, Secretary General tells ACC (20 points, 0 comments)
    3. "For verily it is the most joy that may be, as to my sight, that He that is highest and mightiest, noblest and worthiest, is lowest and meekest, homeliest and most courteous: and truly and verily this marvellous joy shall be shewn us all when we see Him" (15 points, 5 comments)
    4. Lent with the Church Fathers. Day 1: The Didache. Discussion thread (10 points, 12 comments)
    5. What Notre Dame means to an Anglo-Catholic in Vermont (9 points, 0 comments)
    6. Executive Council called on to reflect on the future of faith communities, Anglican Communion (includes TEC's initial response to dis-invitation of same-sex bishops' spouses to Lambeth 2020) (8 points, 23 comments)
    7. [encouragement] Today's reading from Sirach (6 points, 9 comments)
  27. 97 points, 4 submissions: djosestation
    1. On Maunday Thursday evening, the holy table of St Stephen's Parish, Manila (華僑聖公會聖司提芬堂), was stripped in preparation for Good Friday. (49 points, 0 comments)
    2. On Good Friday morning, the congregation of St Stephen's Parish, Manila (華僑聖公會聖司提芬堂) had a simple service for the Veneration of the Cross (默想十字架). Other parishes would have the service of the Siete Palabras (Seven Last Words/十架七言) during the hours leading to 15:00. (34 points, 0 comments)
    3. The Anglican Church in North America (ACNA) had recently released 'The Book of Common Prayer 2019' on the website below. A full download of the BCP as well as individual parts are available on the website in PDF format. (11 points, 14 comments)
    4. What are your thoughts on having ministers from other denominations (or none) preach in our services? (3 points, 4 comments)
  28. 97 points, 3 submissions: U2lyrics
    1. Update: I went to an Episcopal Church for the first time today (62 points, 24 comments)
    2. Visiting an Episcopal church for the first time tomorrow (33 points, 9 comments)
    3. How do you prefer to receive the Eucharist? (2 points, 29 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. bryanglican (2741 points, 679 comments)
  2. Bede_the_Venerable (1369 points, 229 comments)
  3. chillenchillada (1237 points, 276 comments)
  4. Come-My-Fanatics (1234 points, 160 comments)
  5. milburncreek (968 points, 260 comments)
  6. menschmaschine5 (954 points, 248 comments)
  7. DicitEiPilatus (941 points, 188 comments)
  8. tauropolis (878 points, 159 comments)
  9. Knopwood (804 points, 228 comments)
  10. TotalInstruction (753 points, 121 comments)
  11. Auto_Fac (695 points, 159 comments)
  12. yibanghwa (642 points, 133 comments)
  13. EarthDayYeti (604 points, 139 comments)
  14. Cwross (577 points, 146 comments)
  15. OhioTry (520 points, 166 comments)
  16. CiderDrinker (517 points, 121 comments)
  17. BrotherHausel (459 points, 88 comments)
  18. tryingforsomething (414 points, 116 comments)
  19. keakealani (412 points, 103 comments)
  20. candydaze (350 points, 82 comments)
  21. diverseandsundry (344 points, 91 comments)
  22. palaeologos (343 points, 120 comments)
  23. cnumbers (340 points, 67 comments)
  24. Anabanglicanarchist (309 points, 82 comments)
  25. themsc190 (294 points, 46 comments)
  26. primitive_thisness (259 points, 90 comments)
  27. sl150 (259 points, 37 comments)
  28. Ghibellines (256 points, 70 comments)
  29. KarlBarthMallCop (249 points, 32 comments)
  30. peasantcore (248 points, 47 comments)
  31. swengunderblum (240 points, 106 comments)
  32. ErikRogers (239 points, 67 comments)
  33. _dpk (238 points, 47 comments)
  34. WhereSidewalksEnd (228 points, 62 comments)
  35. dolphins3 (227 points, 101 comments)
  36. best_of_badgers (224 points, 31 comments)
  37. IslayThePeaty (221 points, 61 comments)
  38. PersisPlain (211 points, 66 comments)
  39. camdav15 (208 points, 46 comments)
  40. anglicanintexas (203 points, 42 comments)
  41. DoctorAcula_42 (200 points, 50 comments)
  42. TokyoBayJunkyard (198 points, 33 comments)
  43. nota999 (193 points, 36 comments)
  44. gnurdette (192 points, 27 comments)
  45. dariakus (186 points, 45 comments)
  46. JeffTL (184 points, 33 comments)
  47. your_cheese_girl (184 points, 33 comments)
  48. ViridianLens (183 points, 44 comments)
  49. ziggyz2020 (183 points, 44 comments)
  50. ThinWhiteDuke72 (176 points, 79 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. I'm back from my Lenten fast and I'm a deacon now! by VexedCoffee (106 points, 18 comments)
  2. I was confirmed in the beautiful Ely cathedral yesterday :) by harryeu2 (106 points, 7 comments)
  3. My wife and I were officially Confirmed into the Episcopal Church! by ag23thomas (104 points, 33 comments)
  4. Notre Dame update: the interior appears substantially intact! by Bede_the_Venerable (98 points, 13 comments)
  5. Get Your Ash In Church by bmcginnis47 (93 points, 6 comments)
  6. A new Anglican joins the fold by tryingforsomething (88 points, 8 comments)
  7. This popped into my 20-something gay mind while in church today by khharagosh (85 points, 48 comments)
  8. My first attempts at Palm crosses. A little messy, but I don’t think Christ would mind :) happy Holy Week my brothers and sisters. by GusWiyams (82 points, 12 comments)
  9. Christ Church Cathedral (Nashville, TN) by jerzeyjohn (81 points, 2 comments)
  10. A mystery that may never be solved by WhiteTwink (79 points, 32 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 53 points: Come-My-Fanatics's comment in Conservative Episcopalians?
  2. 48 points: TotalInstruction's comment in In a Christianity which moves increasingly towards the belief in a non-theistic version of God, espoused by theologians like Paul Tillich, John Shelby Spong, or John Dominic Crossan, does the Doctrine of the Trinity change along with it?
  3. 48 points: best_of_badgers's comment in Thoughts? Modesty at church.
  4. 45 points: sl150's comment in Potential ongoing brigading of this sub
  5. 42 points: Bede_the_Venerable's comment in Is ripping a juul high church?
  6. 41 points: Come-My-Fanatics's comment in Anglicans: Why aren’t you Catholic?
  7. 40 points: AnnArborDad's comment in Should Deplorables receive Holy Communion?
  8. 40 points: Come-My-Fanatics's comment in GAFCON gathering claims 'sense of betrayal' at liberal Anglican teaching
  9. 40 points: bryanglican's comment in Thoughts? Modesty at church.
  10. 40 points: sl150's comment in Thoughts? Modesty at church.
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